Mapping red nucleus connections in humans by using dMRI and tractography

Human brain is an enormous and complex network. Central to current scenario on brain networks is the concept of the connectome More »

Curiosity and flexibility help birds to master rapid environmental change

Birds are one of the most mobile organisms on earth due to their ability to fly. This allows them to use areas far apart for breeding and non-breeding More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »


Cryptosporidium and Giardia detection: Microscopy to genetic signature based methods

Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the most commonly occurring enteric protozoan parasites. These pathogens can cause gastrointestinal diseases that may lead to nutritional imbalances and severe health problems. The severity of disease is most often seen among children

Fatal asthma, thunderstorms and grass pollen

Pathogenesis of thunderstorm asthma

More than a dozen epidemics of thunderstorm-related acute severe asthma have been reported in past 3 decades. The largest event occurred in Melbourne Australia (October 2016) affected more than 8,000 individuals and resulted in ten deaths. This

Observing marine plastic litter from space, a supporting model

Reflectance spectra of high-density polyethylene

There is growing global concern over the plastics pollution of our oceans and the many unanswered questions about its sources, sinks, pathways and impacts. Remote sensing (RS), the science of obtaining information about objects or areas from

Cardiac autonomic neuropathy: Risk factors, diagnosis and treatment

Cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that is strongly associated with approximately five-fold increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. CAN manifests in a spectrum of things, ranging from resting tachycardia and fixed

Under pressure: a stem cell’s journey home

A Stem Cell’s Journey Home

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) involves breathing in pure oxygen at an air pressure three times higher than atmospheric pressure. This allows more oxygen to enter the lungs, dissolve into the circulation, and ultimately reach cells. The future

Leptomeningeal metastasis in lung cancer

Leptomeningeal metastasis is the spread of cancer cells to the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord as well as the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This occurs in 3-5% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the

Body composition and left ventricular hypertrophy in athletes: the role of body cell mass

Body composition and left ventricular hypertrophy in athletes

Cardiac adaptation to intense physical training is determined by many factors including age, lifestyle, body size, training load, ethnicity and sex. Females show a lower cardiac mass than males, the main causes are a lower blood volume

Single dose protection against lethal Ebola virus challenge

Electron micrograph showing formation of MVA-EBOV VLPs

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a fast-progressing, highly lethal illness that poses significant threat to global public health when not contained. The current outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as of February 26, 2019, has

2nd Annual Conference on Pediatric Nursing and Healthcare. Dubai, UAE. June 17-18, 2019

2nd Annual Conference on Pediatric Nursing and Healthcare

2nd Annual Conference on Pediatric Nursing and Healthcare scheduled during June 17-18, 2019 in Dubai, UAE which aims to keep you updated with the best and most advanced practices in the field of pediatrics, nursing and health.

Is too much “good” cholesterol a health risk?

There are thought to be good and bad types of cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is thought to be a good type of cholesterol because it is believed to remove bad types of cholesterol from blood vessel

Phage therapy: a one-hundred-year-old alternative to modern, chemical antibiotics

Google Scholar searches on the query

Phage therapy is the use of bacterial viruses, known as bacteriophages, or phages, to control or eliminate problematic bacteria (Fig. 1). Targeted bacteria can range from biofouling agents to agricultural pests to human pathogens, etc. As has

Substrate phosphoswitching: a novel way to regulate enzymatic activity by phosphorylation of its substrate

Schematic diagrams for the GTPase cycle

Cells sense a vast variety of signals by receptors that are distributed on their surface. This perception transduces internal physiological responses using signal pathways, a cascade of protein interacting to bring a change in the cell behavior.

Aspen fungal endophyte communities are enriched after herbivory by leaf eating Chrysomelid beetles

Bipartite graph of the relationship between the SwAsp genets

Aspen trees grow abundantly and extensively across the forests of the northern hemisphere. They are early succession species that can quickly establish after fires or storms, and they also support a high biodiversity.  While the biodiversity associated

Apple cider vinegar can help clear bacteria and yeast infections; a natural cure

The effect of apple cider vinegar on white blood cell clearance of microbes.

Antibiotic resistance poses a major health issue worldwide. There has never been a greater need for new anti-microbials which are natural, active on multiple organisms and ideally beneficial to the patient. Bacteria such as E-Coli, Staphylococcus aureus

Evaluation of a dialectical behavior therapy training model in residential programs

Dialectical behavior therapy is a cognitive theory-based intervention that has previously demonstrated effectiveness in treating a range of behavioral disorders. However, DBT can be challenging to implement in community-based settings. Little guidance is available on models to

Optimal level of membrane cholesterol guarantees the proper functioning of Kv channels

depletion or enrichment of plasma membrane cholesterol

Cholesterol is the most abundant lipid of the mammalian plasma membrane. It is well known that cholesterol influences membrane biophysical properties and regulates the activity of multiple types of ion channels, including K+ channels. The reported mechanisms

GSK-3 beta: a therapeutic target for Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease

Neurogenesis is a process of birth of newborn neurons from neural stem cells (NSCs). It is a complex, multistep process which involves NSC proliferation, differentiation, migration, maturation and integration of newborn neurons into existing neuronal circuitry. Continuous

Making mountains out of molehills: how stem cells become platelets

Heamatopoietic stem cells purified from cord blood or bone

You have 100,000 km of plumbing (blood vessels) in your body. What then keeps them from leaking? This essential work is carried out by tiny cells called platelets, which are able to form a plug to stop

Confirmation and testing of an idea of using mobile technology in heart failure

Summary of Themes, Subthemes and Confirmation

Heart failure means that the heart is not pumping blood as well as it should. The weak pumping function of the heart causes blood to back up into the blood vessels around the lungs causing cough and

The needs of carers of blood cancer survivors: are there differences between Australia rural and urban dwellers?

As cancer treatments are increasingly delivered on an outpatient basis, the burden on partners, relatives and friends or support persons increases. Such people play a critical role in helping cancer patients manage their care. This can take