Nitrogen limitation of CO2 fertilization: relief from fungal partners

New research shows that the stimulatory effect of atmospheric CO2 on plants depends on soil nitrogen and on the microbes that can help plants get it. More »

Using genome-scale models to predict biological capabilities

Rapid advances in DNA sequencing and synthesis technologies have revolutionized the study of life sciences. More »

Do plants have brains?

Many organisms have circadian clocks. These internal clocks play essential roles for predicting day-length or seasons, and they regulate behavior and hormonal secretion in animals More »

Zika virus infection during pregnancy and small heads: What is the connection and what can be seen by imaging

Within the last year, the outbreak of Zika virus infection in Brazil became a “public health emergency of international magnitude and concern”. More »

 

A personalised operation to stabilise aortic root aneurysms

Personalised External Aortic Root Support (or PEARS) is the name given to a very specific operation. By taking the exact measurement of the individual person’s aorta from a CT or MRI scan, a replica of their own

Using misglycosylation as a way of visualizing CRISPR-mediated knock-outs of the Conserved Oligomeric Golgi Complex

Intracellular membrane trafficking is a crucial, bi-directional process that occurs in every eukaryotic cell. This process is similar to a cellular mailing system in that it processes, packages, and ‘ships’ things to their correct location. Membrane trafficking

Oil spills can be catastrophic: which European coastal regions are most at risk?

From Portuguese shores to North Sea coasts European Atlantic regions are at high risk of being affected by oil and other marine spills, with United Kingdom most affected, according to recent research analysing the potential impact of

Discovery of prostate cancer-specific peptides using bacterial viruses

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death among American men. Although chemotherapy has been widely used for prostate cancer treatment, it is not specific to cancer cells. As a

Effect of omega-3 acid ethyl esters on left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction

In the past several decades, Omega-3 fatty acids (O3FA) primarily from fish oil have been reported to have many beneficial effects, either directly on the heart or through other effects that indirectly help the heart. However, when

Climate change threatens children’s health

The World Health Organisation has stated that climate change is a significant and emerging threat to public health, and changes the way we must look at protecting vulnerable populations. It is estimated globally that climate change is

Metal nanoparticles wire up nanowires for better battery materials

New materials are making advancements in higher power, longer life and faster charging batteries a reality. These improvements have been driven by the uptake in electric vehicles and a host of other applications that require long life

Acid Orange 7 photodegradation at Ni-foam/Sr1-x(La,Bi)xTiO3

Strontium titanate (SrTiO3) belongs to the perovskite family of compounds and is a very well-known oxide with high catalytic activity and high chemical and photochemical stabilities. In this research, we aimed to improve the SrTiO3 photocatalytic activity

Neuropetides and adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells improve peripheral nerve regeneration in animal model

Although autologous nerve grafting remains the gold standard for nerve gap repair, entubulation techniques with artificial nerve conduits are considered a promising approach to peripheral nerve reconstruction (Strauch, 2000). Advances in bioengineering have led to the creation

11th European Biosimilars Congress. Rome, Italy. April 26-27, 2018

Conference series takes pleasure in inviting the scientific community across the globe to attend the 11th European Biosimilars Congress during April 26-27, 2018 at Rome, Italy with a motto to Explore Innovations in Biosimilars & Biologics. This

Greywater. Waste or treasure?

In the last years humanity is faced with the problem of water pollution, an issue that threatens people’s health and degrades the life quality. According to WHO 663 million people rely on sources of questionable quality and

Basmati aroma: what it means and how it accumulates in fragrant rice?

Rice plant growth comprises vegetative, reproductive, grain filling and maturity phases. In these phases availability of primary and secondary metabolites including volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) are greatly varied. Basmati rice aroma contains more than 100 volatile organic

Unraveling multiple checkpoints for accurate selection of initiator tRNA on ribosomes for translation initiation

Ribosomes comprise a large (50S) and a small (30S) subunits. To begin (initiate) protein synthesis, the two subunits associate on an mRNA (70S). Organisms possess two classes of tRNAs, the initiators (i-tRNA) and the elongators. The i-tRNA

Octreotide – a promising fight against chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare disorder that affects the intestinal tract of children and adults. It is a chronic and devastating disease that has significant morbidity and mortality. CIPO is characterized by severe and disabling

Thermo-acoustofluidics: composition-based separation of vesicles

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-enclosed entities actively released from cells into almost all types of bodily fluids such as blood and urine. Exosomes, i.e. small EVs with 40-100 nm in diameter, are particularly important since they serve

How rising minority income does (or does not) lead to residential integration in the US

This paper examines how access to integrated neighborhoods changed for Asians, Hispanics, and African Americans from 1970 to 2010. Data come from the Decennial U.S. Census, with neighborhoods defined using census tracts, which are small geographic units