Crowd surfing of graphene on a lipid monolayer

Crowd surfing of graphene on a lipid monolayer

In the recent years a growing interest in graphene applications lead to the development of new biosensor devices More »

Diving into cell membranes with advanced solid-state NMR methods

Diving into cell membranes with advanced solid-state NMR methods

Membrane proteins act as the gateways of the cell. They are essential for the signalling between cells and for the uptake of nutrients More »

Gene duplication catalyzes the evolution of new traits in a human pathogen

Gene duplication catalyzes the evolution of new traits in a human pathogen

How do organisms with common ancestry evolve unique traits and eventually diverge from each other? More »

Genes on or off! How regulatory DNA variations disrupt the balance of P53 and cMYC binding

Genes on or off! How regulatory DNA variations disrupt the balance of P53 and cMYC binding

Identification of causative DNA variants in common complex diseases is very important to screen individuals with high-risk for diseases More »

 

Does intestinal inflammation impact the lung response to bacterial endotoxin?

Lung inflammation leading to airway hyperresponsiveness causes illnesses for more than ten percent of the population in USA. Recent research had indicated that patients with inflammatory bowel disease have higher incidence of airway hyperresponsiveness compared to the

Understanding painful sex

Understanding Painful Sex. AoS

Feeling severe pain while trying to have intercourse is one of the worst experiences that can occur in a sexual relationship.  The most frequent cause of such pain is felt immediately upon penetration, i.e. at the entrance

Topical treatments for actinic keratoses: the bill, please!

Topical treatments for actinic keratoses. AoS

Actinic Keratosis (AK) is a cutaneous pre-malignant lesion presenting with a scaly and reddish patch or plaque. It is caused by chronic ultraviolet light exposure, therefore, it affects most often sun-exposed areas of the body and is

International Conference on Stem Cell & Gene Therapy. Rome, Italy. September 16-18, 2020

International Conference on Stem Cell & Gene Therapy 2020. AoS

Pleasure and honour in extending you a warmly invitation to all the participants on behalf of “Magnus corpus” from all over the world to attend International Conference on  Stem Cell & Gene Therapy during September 16th-18th, 2020 at Rome,

Tracking the building material sources of ancient Romans in north-eastern Italy

Tracking the building material sources of ancient Romans in north-eastern Italy. Atlas of Science

One of the many facets of cultural heritage studies is the identification of the possible sources of raw materials in ancient times. Samples from Roman buildings dating back to I century B.C. – II century A.D. and

Building an artificial kidney from human stem cells

Building an Artificial Kidney from Human Stem Cells. AoS

Many diseases and drugs affect kidney function by damaging the glomeruli — the major site of blood filtration and a target for many diseases. An in vitro model of the human glomerulus could facilitate therapeutic discovery and

Hospital, infections and the Matthew effect

Hospital, Infections and the Matthew Effect. AoS

Berlin’s Charité hospital, the city’s largest, has an illustrious past. Founded some 300 years ago, it became part of what is presently Humboldt University in 1810, and between1901-1908 three Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine were on

Keeping an “eye” on the structure and role of visual cycle proteins

The structure and role of visual cycle proteins. AoS

Opsins are ocular proteins in photoreceptors that transform light energy to initiate signals for vision. Each opsin contains an 11-cis-retinal chromophore which is converted into all-trans-retinal when activated by a photon. The all-trans-retinal must be recycled back

First report describing the spatial-temporal circulation and the genetic diversity of Parapoxvirus species in Mexico

Parapoxvirus species in Mexico. AoS

The Mexican-USA Commission for the Prevention and Diagnosis of Foot and Mouth Disease laboratory (CPA) plays a critical role for the diagnosis and surveillance of animal diseases in Mexico. In this level 3 biosecurity facility foreign viral

Be careful of podocyte B7-1

Chronic kidney disease . Atlas of Science

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a huge global health burden. If not treated promptly, CKD can progress to end-stage renal disease, meaning that kidney function is at below 10% of normal capacity. Under physiological conditions the kidneys

Superradient and subradient emission of molecules coupled via plasmons

A physical dipole consists of two equal and opposite point charges. Atoms and molecules can be viewed like oscillating dipoles, picturing each atom as a tiny antenna emitting electromagnetic waves. The excited atomic states are relaxing to

Taking medicines the right way: what do people with Parkinson’s do?

Many people with Parkinson’s have problems swallowing, but they need to take many medicines to lead an independent life. It is more important for people with Parkinson’s to take their medicines on time compared with other patient

Consciousness hidden in the brain fissure

Consciousness, informally stated as the subjective feeling of being, comprises of two basic components—arousal (wakefulness) and awareness (awareness of environment and self). Although the posteromedial cortex (PMC), an area hidden in the posterior interhemispheric fissure, has been

Ovarian torsion or something else

Ovarian Torsion or Something Else. AoS

Ovarian torsion, also termed as adnexal torsion, is the total or partial twisting of the ovary and almost always involves part of the fallopian tube. The incidence of adnexal tumors increases with age and one of the

Oxygen starvation promotes pro-tumorigenic cytokine expression

Oxygen Starvation Promotes Pro-Tumorigenic Cytokine Expression. AoS

Identification of the factors that trigger tumor formation and metastasis is a problem that has persisted in cancer research since its inception. To date, studies have focused on chemical signaling compounds that are part of the secretome

Prevalence and prevention of unwanted online sexual encounters among youth

Prevalence and Prevention of Unwanted Online Sexual Encounters Among Youth. AoS

Screens, smartphones, and devices are integral to the lives of young people and provide opportunities for positive social connection, learning, and entertainment. However, existing alongside the many rewards of technology are the risks of a new and

Should we (still) believe in the propagating nerve impulse as a purely electrical process?

The propagating nerve impulse is a complex phenomenon. AoS

Processing and integrating information in networks of discrete nerve cells is fundamental to all neural processes, from sensation to movement to cognition. Nerve cells are functionally polarized, making it imperative for the information to be communicated from

Root nodules of plants grown on salt–affected soils: A useful source for isolating salinity tolerant N2–fixing non–rhizobial bacteria

Root nodules of plants grown on salt–affected soils. AoS

Salinity is one of the most significant environmental challenges limiting plant productivity, particularly in arid and semi–arid climates. Soil salinity affects about 800 million hectares of arable lands worldwide. Therefore, there is a need to exploit the

Wilms tumor and aneuploidy

Wilms Tumor and Aneuploidy. AoS

Wilms’ tumor or nephroblastoma is an embryological tumor of infancy that belongs to the category of “small round blue cell tumors” (Fig. 1). Such tumors are characterized by an accentuated basophilia of the nuclei with a notable

Heparan sulphate; inspiration for new leishmaniasis drugs

Heparan sulphate. AoS

Leishmaniasis is a group of tropical parasitic diseases caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Leishmania and is endemic in 98 countries, with approximately 2 million new cases annually. Infection occurs when someone is bitten by an