Daily Archives: November 12, 2015

Transformative nanomaterial synthesis using biological conditions

One area of promise and concern when using nanomaterials is their potentially high level of reactivity. This comes from the massively increased surface area of the material when it is segmented into much smaller pieces. A copper

Improved nursing home care for veterans

Patients who reside in long-term care facilities represent a frail and vulnerable population. All nursing facilities certified to receive Medicare and Medicaid funding must be surveyed by state agencies every 9-15 months. Surveyors examine processes and outcomes

Using genome-scale models to predict biological capabilities

Rapid advances in DNA sequencing and synthesis technologies have revolutionized the study of life sciences. With these new technologies come new challenges. The massive amount of new data generated using these technologies must be curated, managed, and

Nuclear physicists thinking about astrophysics

Nuclear decay data evaluators Valery CHECHEV from the Khlopin Radium Institute (KRI), Saint Petersburg, Russia, and Xiaolong HUANG from the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), Beijing, China, in their research article published in Applied Radiation and

NEURINOX gathers top researchers, patients and industry in an international symposium on innovative concepts for treating neurodegenerative diseases

Press release. Geneva, 5 November 2015. Neurodegeneration leads to chronic debilitating diseases, including age-related syndromes like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases and disorders affecting younger people such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. A common disease mechanism in neurodegeneration

Pharmacist’s role to help patients get the most out of their medications

Many patients do not adhere well to their prescribed medication regimens. Evidence shows that improving medication adherence leads to lower overall health care use and costs. As a result, healthcare stakeholders are increasingly interested in improving patient

Is aging inevitable?

All animals, with very few exceptions, age. It has been difficult to provide a suitable evolutionary explanation for aging since natural selection, the driver of evolution, generally chooses animal traits that enhance fitness. Clearly aging would not

A “bottom” up approach to treating Ebola patients

International institutions organized a “top down” response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Millions were spent to provide volunteer healthcare workers, build Ebola treatment units and organize the delivery of supplies and equipment. These efforts did

How can I create more mobility in my stiff shoulder?

A stiff shoulder, or the so-called “frozen shoulder”, is a disorder characterized by progressive pain and loss of mobility of the shoulder. The annual incidences are 3 to 5% in the general population and even up to

Killing microbes with red light

Photosensitization is a process in which a chemical compound (photosensitizer) that absorbs energy from light is able to transfer that energy to oxygen molecules. As a consequence, reactive oxygen species (ROS), highly toxic to living cells, are

Making it easier to study personalized genomic biomarkers of lung disease

In the past few years, there has been significant progress in understanding how lung disease develops and predict who will respond to certain targeted therapies by obtaining lung tissue from research participants and studying changes in mechanistic

Helpful tool for the characterization of cancer

Follicular lymphoma is a sort of blood cancer and among the most frequent subtypes of indolent (painless) lymphomas. Most patients are diagnosed very late, when the illness is in an advanced stage. The origins of the tumor

Computed tomography in liver cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis is a disease with many different clinical and patho-physiological aspects, involving digestive and extra-digestive organs and systems. On the base of clinical signs and laboratory tests different scores entered in the common practice. We observed

The management of elderly patients with severe traumatic brain injury

The elderly population is defined by the World Health Organization as those aged over 65 years. Life expectancy has gradually increased but as the population of the elderly has progressively increased so has the incidence of traumatic

Synthetic biology competition inspires young microbiologists to change the world

Synthetic biology is a rapidly expanding area of science that incorporates engineering principles to design and build biological processes for useful and sustainable purposes. In addition, synthetic biology projects often incorporate expertise from the arts and humanities.

Catching the ‘uncatchable smile’ illusion in Leonardo da Vinci’s La Bella Principessa Painting

In 1998 a little known painting believed to be a 19th century imitation of an Italian Renaissance painting by an unnamed German Romantic artist was sold in a New York gallery. Following examination by experts the painting

A novel method of stool DNA analysis for colorectal cancer diagnosis

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent malignant diseases worldwide, with a high rate of mortality. The detection of precancerous and early-stage CRC is central to improve prognosis and the survival rate of patients. Currently,

Geology’s latest gift to molecular biology?

Only a few hardy bacteria and archaea make their home in geothermal springs, but the enzymes of these thermophiles have for decades benefitted biological research.  While the value of the bacterial DNA polymerase “Taq” in amplifying DNA

A study to establishing the structural integrity of core−shell nanoparticles

Lanthanide – doped core – shell nanoparticles, such as NaYF4:Yb/Er@NaYF4, have attracted increasing attention for applications in photonics, photovoltaics, and biological imaging and therapeutics. When compared to conventional nanoparticles that suffer from extensive and uncontrollable dopant −

Reducing blood loss in brain surgery with extracranial early devascularization techniques

The anatomical region located under the frontal lobes of the brain, just above the eyes and the nose is called “anterior skull base”. The most common tumors involving this region arise from the soft tissue layers that