Daily Archives: November 26, 2015

Electrocardiogram screening in athletes:

A Good Return on Investment? In Austin, Texas, a bill requiring an electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) as part of high-school athletes almost passed. An ECG is a non-evasive electrical tracing of the heart, which can reveal underlying heart conditions

AMPK: Common mechanism of action linking HIV-1 latency and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

Although any connection between HIV-1, the virus that causes AIDS, and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that exhibits symptoms of accelerated aging in children, would appear unlikely, splicing of the latent ( i. e. dormant)

Natural history of multiple system atrophy in USA

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare, fatal brain disorder exhibiting a combination of parkinsonism and/or cerebellar gait unsteadiness and autonomic failure. Autonomic failure, manifest as orthostatic hypotension, severe constipation and urinary incontinence or retention, as well

Phospholipases have a second job, regulating their G proteins

Can we make a weak heart healthy? Can we prevent decline in memory and cognitive ability? The answer may depend on a class of enzymes, phospholipase C (PLC), and their under-investigated ability to directly regulate their specific

Chip-based microacoustic aerosols generators

Aerosols consist of a large quantity of either liquid droplets (fog, mist) or solid particles (dust, smoke) dispersed in a surrounding gas (e.g. air). They occur naturally and they can as well be generated artificially, e.g. by

Ergothioneine prevent UVA – induced skin damage through its potent antioxidant property

It is well – known that continuous exposure to ultraviolet ( UV ) radiation from sunlight can cause mild to severe skin damage, characterized by wrinkles, inflammation, photoaging, pigmentation, photo – carcinogenesis, photo – dermatoses etc. Most

Nanocarrier-based antioxidant therapy: promise or delusion?

It has been well established that the damage produced by Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), which are highly reactive molecules with an unpaired electron, plays an important role in a large number of human diseases. Because of this

A disease of younger women

Cramp or pain during menstruation is very common, but telling a young woman that this is ‘normal’ without full assessment can be wrong as this can lead to many years of unnecessary suffering. There are many conditions

Antimicrobial resistance – what’s needed but how to get the resources to the innovators?

Antibiotic resistance is at a crisis point, nay a “tipping point”. There are several major programs which offer what sound like large sums of money to make new antibiotics, but to get these monies takes a lot

What is really driving our need for food, besides the pleasure of taste?

We all know that this need is related, in some way, with life sustainability, but just how, exactly? The task of converting food into energy –and back again into organic compounds– is carried out by our metabolism,

Hybridisation masks speciation in marine iguanas

The Galápagos archipelago is an isolated group of islands which serve as a natural laboratory for the study of evolution. The islands are home to the marine iguana – a highly specialised sea-going lizard which is found