Monthly Archives: April 2016

Neuroprotection for stroke: Progesterone treatment reduces brain mitochondrial dysfunction

Every year, six million people die from stroke and five million are left disabled. 80% of strokes are ischemic and happen when blood flow is blocked in a part of the brain, due to occlusion of brain

Do ready meals provide adequate nutritional value for the elderly?

The UK is the biggest market for ready meals in Europe, and the single elderly rely more on ready meals than any other group in British society. But do these meals provide adequate nutritional value? A recent

β-Carotene requirement for anti-aging depends on genetic background

Cellular telomere, a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences of TTAGGG, resides on both ends of chromosomes and its length is shortened by reflecting the replication number of chromosomal DNA, accordingly, telomere length is the most reliable indicator

Caste-ethnic disparity in vaccine use among children in Nepal

The United Nations’ Millennium Development Goal 4 addresses child mortality as a major indicator of health and development, revealing much about a nation’s health services and related social and economic factors. Currently, an estimated 8.1 million children

Can eradication of a bacterium in the stomach increase the platelet count in patients with chronic ITP?

Platelets are blood cells that play a major role in causing blood clots to form and preventing excessive bleeding so their reduction or dysfunction can result in bleeding and even death. These cells are made in the

Why is atmospheric mercury level decreasing even thought the emissions are increasing?

Mercury is a unique metal that is a liquid at room temperature, which enables it volatile to the air and diffuse ubiquitous at a global scale. It becomes an environmental problem because the consumption of mercury-containing food,

Fine tuning of inflammation is a key to successful limb regeneration

Complete regeneration of appendages after amputation in certain fish and amphibians has long served as a useful model for analyzing why regeneration is unsuccessful in most mammalian organs. Recent work with zebrafish, frog tadpoles, salamanders, reviewed in

Aberrantly methylated DNA regions in IgA Nephropathy patients affect the disease

The genome can influence the onset and the development of the diseases in several manner, and in the last years several studies have revealed the new role of the DNA methylation in this framework. The DNA methylation

Sex traffickers target girls with intellectual disabilities

It is well known that children with intellectual disabilities face a much higher risk for sexual abuse and sexual assault than those without disabilities. Perpetrators of child sexual abuse select victims who have disabilities because they view

Atomic classification of cancer cells

Cancer cells have molecules, known as receptors, on their surface that distinguish them from healthy cells. Knowing receptors that are present on malignant cells can help to detect and/or classify the disease.  Here, we developed a method

Self-reference effect on memory and well-being in patients at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

In cognitive psychology, the term self-reference effect (SRE) refers to the fact that individuals remember information better when the latter are related to themselves. This effect particularly boosts episodic memory, that is, the detailed memory of personal

Bloody stool due to ulcerative colitis during low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is a global concern. Therefore, various weight-loss diets have been developed. A low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet, also known as the Atkins diet, is one such diet. In the United States, the proportion

Genetic information of mosquito blood cells decoded

Mosquitoes are most dangerous tiny animal killing 7.25 million peoples in the world annually, as they transmit many deadliest pathogens causing malaria, dengue, chikungunya, zika virus infection etc. Despite of the strong innate and adaptive immune system

Safety of quinlones reviewed by FDA

The fluoroquinolone antibiotics are a commonly prescribed group of agents which includes ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin. They are used in a wide range of infections. Late last year FDA convened an Advisory Committee to review the information

ADHD treatment: Does mindfulness matter?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders of childhood. A significant number of individuals diagnosed with ADHD will continue to experience significant impairment into adolescence and early adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD include developmentally inappropriate

Habituation of involuntary conscious processes

New research is beginning to reveal that, though action inclinations can be suppressed behaviorally, they often cannot be suppressed mentally (see Passive Frame Theory). Consider that, when presented with an enticing stimulus such as a cupcake, one