Monthly Archives: August 2017

Development of efficient hybrid system for degradation of Abamectin pesticide based on the advanced oxidation processes

Abamectin is one of the widely used pesticides in veterinary medicine and agriculture, which its widespread usage poses a potentially serious environmental and health problem. Presence of Abamectin in the both ground and surface water resources can

A promising compound to be tested against neurodegenerative disorders

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes responsible for protein deacetylation. Abnormalities in acetylation levels caused by deregulation of those enzymes are proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of cancer and neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer, Parkinson and

L-carnitine attenuates antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia by stimulating pituitary GABA receptors

Antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinaemia occurs overall in up to 70% of patients with schizophrenia, depending on the medications used. Hyperprolactinemia may cause sexual dysfunction, amenorrhea, infertility, galactorrhea, and osteoporosis, which in general relates to the degree of prolactin elevation.

A new moving boundary model for simulation of the ultrasonic horn reactors

Ultrasonic-assisted technology (UAT) has found astonishing uses in different areas due to its high potential for improving the yield of industrial processes. For example it is used in chemistry and chemical engineering due to its effects on

Water types distribution in the human skin horny layer in vivo

The stratum corneum (SC) is the uppermost horny layer of the skin and provides an efficient barrier function for regulation of water homeostasis. The water in the SC plays an important role in maintaining the SC´s enzyme

How much alcohol is in ketamine`s antidepressant response?

The rapid and robust antidepressant action following a single intravenous sub-narcotic ketamine infusion (usually 0.5 mg/kg over 40 minutes) in the treatment of resistant major depression is unique and encouraging, albeit short-lasting (up to 7 days). Increasing

Inorganic Cadmium affects the fluidity and size of phospholipid based liposomes

Inorganic Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential metal and a toxic environmental pollutant that induces multiple biochemical dysfunctions. Due to industrial activities since the 1800s, exposure to ever increasing levels of Cd has resulted in a significant impact

Why don’t some employees mind faking their emotions?

Employees often have to show emotions they really do not feel in order to offer quality service to clients. For example, a flight attendant has to appear calm and transmit serenity to passengers, even when he/she is

The journey of Campylobacter: a genomic analysis of a successful zoonotic pathogen

Campylobacter is the leading cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Domestic and wild birds are likely zoonotic vectors of Campylobacter. We demonstrated that American crows, abundant in urban, suburban, and agricultural settings, carry multiple Campylobacter genotypes that are

Disturbed sleep matters to patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Disturbed sleep is a significant problem for patients suffering with long-term, inflammatory conditions such as Ankylosing Spondylitis and non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis. Alongside other symptoms, these conditions primarily affect the axial skeleton and connective tissue, causing pain and

Mutant TP53 disrupts age-related accumulation patterns of somatic mutations in multiple cancer types

Most cancers are driven by somatic mutations in proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Genetic changes in a tumor may accumulate in the tissue self-renewal phase prior to neoplasm. The risk of sporadic mutations increases with age. In

Titanium (IV) complex as catalyst to synthesize urea, thio-urea and guanidine

Well – defined organometallic complexes have played a pivotal role in homogeneous catalysis and in the development of environmentally benign processes. A number of transition and lanthanide metal complexes have already proven to be excellent catalysts in

Progress of Na-ion battery performance in alloyed anode by ether-based solvent

Recently, secondary battery is most famous energy storage device. Especially, Li-ion batteries are used in many applications such as cellular phone, vehicles, mobile computers, and drowns. The Na-ion battery is a candidate for next generation secondary batteries

Enantiomeric determination of atropine in Datura Stramonium and Brugmansia Arborea seeds by LC-MS

Solanaceaes family plants can contains huge amounts of tropane alkaloids, which have anticholinergic activity. There are more than 200 tropane alkaloids but most studies are mainly focused on atropine and scopolamine determination. Although animals can also be

Do those with schizophrenia more accurately perceive reality? And why is this ‘abnormal’?

Visual illusions, such as those illustrated in the figures below, are fun opportunities to bewilder the mind, emphasising the gap between what we see (our subjective perception) and what meets the eye (the true physical reality). Are

Accounting for electron spin in user-friendly simulations of chemical reaction pathways

The electrons that swarm around the nuclei in atoms and molecules, not only carry electricity to our homes and offices, but also control how bonds are made and broken in chemical reactions. The challenge in describing this