Category Archives: Research

Inorganic Cadmium affects the fluidity and size of phospholipid based liposomes

Inorganic Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential metal and a toxic environmental pollutant that induces multiple biochemical dysfunctions. Due to industrial activities since the 1800s, exposure to ever increasing levels of Cd has resulted in a significant impact

Why don’t some employees mind faking their emotions?

Employees often have to show emotions they really do not feel in order to offer quality service to clients. For example, a flight attendant has to appear calm and transmit serenity to passengers, even when he/she is

The journey of Campylobacter: a genomic analysis of a successful zoonotic pathogen

Campylobacter is the leading cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. Domestic and wild birds are likely zoonotic vectors of Campylobacter. We demonstrated that American crows, abundant in urban, suburban, and agricultural settings, carry multiple Campylobacter genotypes that are

Disturbed sleep matters to patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Disturbed sleep is a significant problem for patients suffering with long-term, inflammatory conditions such as Ankylosing Spondylitis and non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis. Alongside other symptoms, these conditions primarily affect the axial skeleton and connective tissue, causing pain and

Mutant TP53 disrupts age-related accumulation patterns of somatic mutations in multiple cancer types

Most cancers are driven by somatic mutations in proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Genetic changes in a tumor may accumulate in the tissue self-renewal phase prior to neoplasm. The risk of sporadic mutations increases with age. In

Titanium (IV) complex as catalyst to synthesize urea, thio-urea and guanidine

Well – defined organometallic complexes have played a pivotal role in homogeneous catalysis and in the development of environmentally benign processes. A number of transition and lanthanide metal complexes have already proven to be excellent catalysts in

Progress of Na-ion battery performance in alloyed anode by ether-based solvent

Recently, secondary battery is most famous energy storage device. Especially, Li-ion batteries are used in many applications such as cellular phone, vehicles, mobile computers, and drowns. The Na-ion battery is a candidate for next generation secondary batteries

Enantiomeric determination of atropine in Datura Stramonium and Brugmansia Arborea seeds by LC-MS

Solanaceaes family plants can contains huge amounts of tropane alkaloids, which have anticholinergic activity. There are more than 200 tropane alkaloids but most studies are mainly focused on atropine and scopolamine determination. Although animals can also be

Do those with schizophrenia more accurately perceive reality? And why is this ‘abnormal’?

Visual illusions, such as those illustrated in the figures below, are fun opportunities to bewilder the mind, emphasising the gap between what we see (our subjective perception) and what meets the eye (the true physical reality). Are

Accounting for electron spin in user-friendly simulations of chemical reaction pathways

The electrons that swarm around the nuclei in atoms and molecules, not only carry electricity to our homes and offices, but also control how bonds are made and broken in chemical reactions. The challenge in describing this

“Agene”: Using age and mutation status to accurately predict survival outcome in patients with primary myelofirborsis

Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a rare form of cancer of the bone marrow in which abnormal proliferation of blood-producing cells result in replacement of the marrow with a scar tissue (“fibrosis”). The course of PMF is variable.

A murine type 2 diabetes mellitus model mimicking metabolic characteristics similar to humans

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) which accounts for more than 95% of all diabetes cases is a heterogeneous, multifactorial disorder typified by hyperglycemia with gradual decline in insulin action (insulin resistance), followed by the inability of beta

Pancreatic cancer stem cells: fatty acid synthesis and mevalonate pathways are implicated in their survival

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with a high metastatic potential. The disease is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the USA, and is projected to be the second one by 2030, due

Three-dimensional biomechanical assessment of treadmill gait using Microsoft Xbox Kinect

Assessment of walking patterns, known as gait analysis, is an effective clinical tool widely used in various applications such as rehabilitation, diagnosis of neurological diseases, and assessment of fall risk. While a two – dimensional movement analysis

Nano-impacts: A new perspective on enzymes

Enzymes are an integral part of all living organisms and play a central role in a wide range of biological processes. The latter, among many, include most biological metabolism as for instance the digestion of food in

Edaphic oribatid mites: a vast diversity taxon below our feet

The soil, for the majority of people, is only the ground below their feet, but instead of that, it represents a natural environment that contains one of the most rich and poorly known diversity on earth. Ecologically