Category Archives: Research

Incretin hormones and brain microglia team up to regulate brain homeostasis

The entire human body is made up of many complicated cells, processes, and interactions. As scientific discoveries are made, it becomes increasingly more evident how multidimensional and interconnected all of the biological systems and pathways of the

Flocculation using starch-based flocculants: An efficient pretreatment for purification of the textile dyeing secondary wastewater

China is a major textile manufacturer in the world; as a result, large quantities of dyeing effluents are generated every year in the country. Textile dyeing effluents are distinguished by high levels of chrominance, chemical oxygen demand,

Astrocytic modulation of brain waves

The human brain contains two major cell populations: neurons and glia. While neurons can propagate electrical signals, known as action potentials, glial cells remain electrically unexcitable. For this reason, for many years, they were thought to merely

How selenium tolerates arsenic toxicity in rice plant? Role of phenolics and nutrient elements in amelioration of arsenic induced phytotoxicity

Arsenic (As) contamination is a major environmental hazard of recent times which poses a health risk for human through food chain contamination. Nearly 200 million people are at risk of As toxicity. Millions of people depend on

Too hard to defeat Devils

Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) offers potentially curative therapy for patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, relapse following HCT is considerable and becomes a major cause of failure in patients with MDS and AML.

Coevolutionary games and dynamic fitness landscapes: A synthesis?

A main feature of Darwinian evolution is that success in survival and reproduction is directed by selective pressure and entails competition among individuals. In other words, it is largely justified to recognize the proverbial survival of the

Activation: a double-edged sword for Treg

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a specialized subset of T cells. As the name suggests, they play a role in controlling and regulating other immune cells. Tregs, characterized by the expression of the forkhead/winged-helix transcription factor Foxp3,

TAFRO-syndrome and idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease: An analysis of a new subtype of the rare disease

Castleman disease (CD) is a group of three rare, poorly understood diseases that all involve excessive lymphocyte quantities. All three groups, therefore, are categorized as lymphoproliferative disease. The three groups of Castleman disease share similar lymph node

Low-cost enrichment of datasets for genetic analysis: imputation and electronic health record linkage

The human genome consists of 3 billion base-pairs built from the nucleotides adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C) or guanine (G). DNA sequencing is the process of reading and recording the nucleotide at each base in the

Quantum breaking of ergodicity in adiabatic electron transfer

The problem of ergodic vs. non-ergodic behavior alludes, generally speaking, to the following question: Can we deduce from a collective behavior of a large ensemble of noninteracting identical entities statistical properties of single individual objects entering this

The mechanisms of MCP-1 production in tumor microenvironments: Tumor cells are not home alone

When you look at tumors, you may think they are composed of 100% tumor cells. The fact is that tumor tissues contain not only tumor cells but also a variety of non-tumor stromal cells, including fibroblasts, endothelial

A “Cool” way to study Parkinson´s Disease

The Big Bang Theory left us amazed about how Leonard was able to bring back a snowflake embedded in resin from the North Pole to give to Penny. The reality is that this concept is not so

How carbon monoxide interacts with the rutile titania surface?

Carbon monoxide (CO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) are among the most studied probe molecules and metal oxide single crystalline supports in surface science, respectively. The variations in the adsorption infrared or ultraviolet-visible spectra of CO have been

Tapeworm-related cutaneous larva migrans is caused by a cysteine protease from the larvae themselves

The parasitic disease sparganosis is a form of cutaneous larva migrans and caused by larval tapeworms of the genus Spirometra. The life cycle of Spirometra includes two intermediate hosts, and adult worms parasitize the intestines of carnivorous

Coordination of DNA transcription and DNA replication by the DNA damage response through the Ddx19 RNA helicase

DNA transcription is a fundamental cellular process that allows gene expression through generation of messenger RNA molecules (mRNA) that are then translated into proteins in the cytoplasm of the cell. However when cells proliferate, another key cellular

Overcome obstacles in the treatment of scarred kidneys

More than 10% of the world’s population suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD), a serious disorder that leads to a prominent reduction in quality of life and might end fatally. Independent of its initial cause, virtually all