Category Archives: Research

Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) infection empowers B lymphocytes for autoimmunity

The human body is under constant threat of foreign invaders (bacteria, viruses, parasites) that can cause infectious diseases. The reason why this often does not occur is the immune system, a complex collection of molecules and cells

Scientific procedures and possible alternative assays in GRAS determination

A food substance can be designated as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) based on the outcomes of scientific procedures or experience of common use in food.  Data used for GRAS determination is provided by the Sponsor and

Gold subnano-structures on iron-oxide surface for catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide

Highly dispersed gold nanoparticles supported on transition metal oxides have been shown to catalyze important chemical reactions such as low – temperature oxidation of carbon monoxide ( CO ). Catalytic performance of gold / oxide system depends

Experience impacts elbow pitching mechanics more than age

As youth participation in organized baseball has grown in the United States, so has the occurrence of elbow pain and injuries. This increase is likely related to the development of the physes and increased throwing frequency and

DNA methylation markers in colorectal cancer state-of-the-art

Colorectal is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. There were over 1.3 million new colorectal cancer cases worldwide, of which approximately 50% died as a result of the disease in 2012. Like all cancers, CRC

Remote echography using motorized probe and tele operated echograph

Echography and Doppler are the first imaging modality which can be setup without huge and costly installation, but the examination has to be performed by a Medical Doctor specially trained for echography and Doppler (a Sonographer). Moreover

Ultrasound can help small particles penetrate into biofilms using a new oscillatory diffusion mechanism

Biofilms form when microorganisms, such as bacteria or algae, attach to a surface and surround themselves with a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (or EPS). Biofilms are ubiquitous in nature and in a vast array of industrial

Strollers and carriers cause average of two injuries every hour in the U.S.

The Center for Injury Research and Policy of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital published research about children getting injured from strollers and carriers in Academic Pediatrics in August 2016. Parents use these products every day

Variation in fecundity among species and its evolutionary consequences

Predicting the evolutionary trajectories of living species give us the chance to develop informed management policies and preserve species at the brink of extinction. Also, the possibility to understand the consequences of climate change and of introduced,

Electromembrane extraction and spectrophotometric determination of As(V) in water samples

Arsenic is an important environmental element because of its high toxicity at the level of parts per billion. According to World Health Organization (WHO) guideline on drinking water quality, the maximum permitted concentration of arsenic in drinking

New discovered biomarkers as useful molecular targets in testicular germ cell tumors

Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are histologically classified as seminomas and non-seminomas according to the international classification of oncological diseases. Both these tumors display an invasive phenotype and are believed to be derived from a common ancestor,

The slippery head of the fastest fish

The swordfish (Xiphias gladius) is reputedly the fastest swimmer on Earth. Its concave head and iconic sword are unique characteristics, but how they contribute to its speed is still unknown. Our paper reports the discovery of a

Dysfunction of cellular analgesic control in neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain in small-fiber neuropathy was traditionally considered a consequence of injury to nociceptors and sensitization. An alternative view has also been put forward: there may be a loss of the neuronal analgesic control system, paralleling the

Threats from antifouling priority pollutants in the Adriatic sea

To ensure the preservation of public health and ecosystems it is essential to reach a good chemical status of surface water bodies and groundwater. To this end, such waters should comply with the Environmental Quality Standards (EQS)

The promiscuous mineralocorticoid receptor

Hormones and nerves are the key communication systems in the human body. Nerves are like a fixed-line telephone network, capable of very fast messaging: think of the pianist’s fingers playing the Minute Waltz. Hormones are like radio,

Drugs from the sea: complex structures to fight a complex problem of resistance in cancer

It is well known that incidence of cancer cases figures among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Most of disseminated cancers share the common feature of not responding to anticancer drugs. This phenomenon is known as