Category Archives: Research

Nanofabrication of mechano-bactericidal surfaces

The adaptation of bacteria to survive in the presence of antibiotics and their ability to form biofilms on conventional antibacterial surfaces has led to an increase in persistent infections caused by resistant strains of bacteria. This presents

Spinal nerve involvement in early Guillain-Barré syndrome: the Haymaker and Kernohan’s legacy

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute-onset, immune-mediated disorder of the peripheral nervous system, which is currently divided into several subtypes based on electrodiagnostic, pathological and immunological criteria. GBS includes at least three disease patterns: acute inflammatory demyelinating

A stirring-free photoelectrochemical cell for solar hydrogen production

Direct conversion of solar energy to hydrogen via photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a promising approach to a sustainable-energy society, because hydrogen is storable, transportable, and can be converted to electricity without producing carbon dioxide. PEC cells

Chemical reactions speed up with hollow fluorescent carbon and gold nanoparticles

Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) constitute one of the most interesting model systems in the area of heterogeneous catalysis. Au NP hybrids with hollow nanocages, alloyed nanoparticles and core-shell structure play important roles in harvesting light energy and

Transient imine directing groups for C–H functionalisation

In chemistry, ‘organic’ molecules are defined as having a carbon-based structure and are found in all living systems. They can also be designed and synthesised for application in numerous industries, for example as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, cosmetics, paints,

H+ and OH− in H2O

The effects of H+ and OH− on liquid H2O have attracted much attention by spectroscopic and computer simulation studies. In this work, we offer an alternative approach; from a differential solution thermodynamic. Namely, we use higher order

Alzheimer’s risk gene weakens brain cell’s garbage disposal system

APOE ε4 is the most common genetic risk factor for development of Alzheimer’s disease. Having two copies of this gene (one from the mother and one from the father) increases a person’s relative risk to as much

Hidden toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles

Zinc Oxide (ZnO) is one of the most exploitable nanoparticles (NPs) in industrial and consumer products especially in cosmetics, food additives, pharmaceuticals, biosensors, photo electricity and rubber industry etc. Regarding their wide variety of applications, they constantly

Will older people use smart technologies designed to improve the quality of their lives?

Smart technology or gerontechnology devices or solutions, including telehealth, telecare, information and communication, and robotic options offer older adults throughout the world the promise of having more healthy, independent, comfortable, and active lives. This technology relies on

Melatonin play wonders in Zinc oxide nanoparticle induced toxicity

Over the past several decades, the field of nanotechnology has perceived an uplifting graph of achievements and developments. Among the principal nanoparticles contributing for the same, ZnO nanoparticles should be considered as the foremost. By having unique

Novel biophysical assay reveals that bacterial cell wall maintaining proteins change interaction conformation based on activity

Bacterial infections are increasingly difficult to treat with antibiotics due to antibiotic resistance. Knowledge on how of bacteria multiply needs to be profoundly expanded as a requirement for the development of new methods for the discovery of

Dental and temporomandibular joint pathology of the North American brown bear

Maxillae and mandibles of 393 North American brown bears (Ursus arctos) housed in the Museum of the North, University of Alaska, Fairbanks were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria, with 204 specimens meeting inclusion criteria. The museum

A novel biomarker for oral cancer

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is the most predominant form of oral cancer in developed countries with varying incidence in developing countries wherein diverse etiological factors such as chewing betel-quid comprising betel leaf, areca nut and slaked

Unveiling toxicity concerns of PEGylated reduced graphene oxide

Graphene, a 2D carbon material tagged as the “strongest material” that forms a honeycombed lattice structure has found profound application in biomedical field owing to its exciting physico-chemical properties. It has raised global acceptance and enthusiasm in

Osteoarthritis of the wrist: Improved understanding of wrist movements leads to novel advancement in wrist replacement surgery

Like every other joint in the body covered by cartilage, the wrist can develop osteoarthritis. Many treatments have been attempted including cutting sensory nerves to relieve pain, stiffen the wrist, partially removing some of the joint and,

Colorectal cancer and enteric neurons: Should tumors be nervous?

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent types of cancer in the world and is associated with a high mortality rate with over 700.000 deaths per year. Throughout the past decades, the development of CRC