Category Archives: Research

Growing-up in a stressful environment affects the levels of glutamate in the hippocampus in adult depresses subjects

Mood disorders are emotional disturbances consisting of prolonged periods of excessive sadness, excessive joyousness, or both. Exposure to harsh parenting practices or to maltreatment during childhood can increase individuals’ vulnerability to mood disorders and the severity of

Fish migration: a simple mathematical description

Diadromous fishes migrate between rivers and seas, and are key drivers of surface water ecosystems and food webs. Analyzing migration of diadromous fishes is therefore a core for assessment of surface water systems from both biological and

The arms really can give the legs a helping hand in rehabilitation of human walking

The emergence of upright, bipedal walking is a characteristic of human evolution that separate us from our quadrupedal cousins—other animals. The upright walking posture freed our hands so that we could perform skilled tasks like signaling, carrying,

Grafting stem cells in 3D arrays

Neural transplantation has continued to show promise as an effective treatment option for neurovascular, traumatic and neurodegenerative disorders. Previous work in neural stem-cell transplantation has demonstrated the ability of distinct neural cells to repair damage and to

Crosstalk between gut, brain and metabolism in polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder of women in childbearing age, is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo-anovulation and polycystic ovaries in ultrasound. Obesity, a global epidemic, generally accompanies PCOS; but the link between these two

Past, present and future management of low-lying rectal cancers

In recent decades, great strides have been made in the management of the hardest to treat rectal cancers. If diagnosed with a low rectal cancer in the 1970s or 1980s, it was likely that after surgery the

Female pattern hair loss, biological ageing and the Leiden Longevity study

People age at different rates and individuals with the same chronological age vary widely in terms of health and function. Biological age describes the difference between the population cohort average life expectancy and the perceived life expectancy

Pancreatic incidentalomas: is laparoscopic approach safe and feasible?

Pancreatic incidentaloma is an asymptomatic incidentally lesion detected on a radiologic imaging performed for unrelated indication. This definition has been proposed for adrenal mass but actually the term is used for asymptomatic masses discovered in different solid

Viewing more than the tip of the iceberg: speech therapists learn to report on the whole of the swallow!

When we take a sip of our well-deserved cup of tea, it travels through our mouth, into our throat, passing our closed airway, through our food pipe and into our stomach. This process takes approximately 10 seconds.

Proteins regulate cancer cell attachment

Aggressive cancer cells are able to leave their original site and invade other tissues. In order for these cells to do this, they must have some way of moving around. This means that a cancer cell must

Are Internet lifestyle products counterfeit? A consumer-based survey

The use of lifestyle products has increased over the last few years particularly with the change in the social behaviour of individuals and the ease of access of medicines via the Internet. Lifestyle products can be of

New morphology of amyloid fibrils

It has been shown earlier that one of the proteins from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall (glucantransferase Bgl2) forms amyloid structures after isolation from cell wall under acid pH conditions. It is known that the acid treatment

Blue nevus of the uterine cervix – a melanocytic lesion corresponding to cutaneous blue nevi

Blue nevi are benign melanocytic disorders, which commonly present cutaneous lesions and rarely arise in female genital tracts. To date, although several cases of endocervical blue nevi have been reported, their biological nature is not sufficiently clarified.

Aldosterone enhances the magnesium permeable ion channel, TRPM7

The homeostatic regulation of salt (sodium) and water are basic functions of all organisms. In mammals, hormones such as aldosterone regulate the excretion and retention of water, sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, and magnesium within the kidneys. Special

Menthol strengthens nicotine rewarding effects

Menthol is a monocyclic terpene alcohol that exists in plants of the Mentha genus. It is commonly known as mint. Menthol is a significant flavoring additive in tobacco products. Menthol-labeled cigarettes account for approximately one-quarter of the

An organic gas instead of inorganic gases for the enhancement of 129Xe magnetic resonance signals through optical pumping

Several new methods have been developed in these two decades in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which make us accessible to weak signals hitherto unmanageable because of the low sensitivity. Among them, spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP) can