Category Archives: Research
Osteoarthritis of the wrist: Improved understanding of wrist movements leads to novel advancement in wrist replacement surgery
Like every other joint in the body covered by cartilage, the wrist can develop osteoarthritis. Many treatments have been attempted including cutting sensory nerves to relieve pain, stiffen the wrist, partially removing some of the joint and,
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent types of cancer in the world and is associated with a high mortality rate with over 700.000 deaths per year. Throughout the past decades, the development of CRC
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a life-threatening demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by reactivation of the virus JC (JCV). This condition is triggered by immunosuppression, most frequently associated with AIDS, lymphoprolioferative diseases or immunosuppressive
Disinfection of water supplies started in the early 1900s to reduce risks to public health from pathogenic microorganisms. Chlorination is the most common disinfection practice, achieving effective primary disinfection and sufficient disinfection residual in drinking water distribution.
Saliva has increasingly been used as a diagnostic fluid since it is easier to collect and process than blood and it has similar diagnostic capabilities. Total protein profiles can be obtained from saliva by capillary electrophoresis and
Airway inflammation is one of the central features of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The mechanisms associated with the development and progression of airway inflammation have been widely studied in multiple populations and animal models.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a significant cause of death in trauma patients. However, this patient population is also at risk of ongoing bleeding, making anticoagulation (Heparin, Coumadin, etc.) impractical. This puts trauma surgeons and vascular surgeons alike
Most of the innovative drugs with important therapeutic benefits are not approved or are removed from the clinical practice due to drug-induced toxicity. The kidneys are one of the most important target organs of drug toxicity because
Bioinformatics solutions for big data analysis in life sciences presented by the German network for bioinformatics infrastructure
Over the last decade, the amount of data generated by life science research has grown at a rapid rate and an increased complexity rendering the tasks of data analysis, management, and storage a unique challenge. To meet
Cancer is one of the world’s most pressing challenge to research community and leading cause of death. As per the 13th report of American Science of Clinical Oncology, 14 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year.
The prognosis and survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients is dependent on the stage of disease, which is based on tumor size and nodal and distant metastasis at presentation. In turn, cancer stage assessment is
The multi-layer wall of the intestine is unique and important due its barrier function for billions of potential deadly gut bacteria and the sterile tissues in the body. For this reason, the intestine is equipped with highly
Nowadays, the amount of raw data required for a genome-wide analysis is quite large and it is often difficult for even its original author(s) to spend enough time for its thorough analysis. Further, it would be practically
The chemical effects of ultrasound, named sonochemistry, are known since 1927. Today, there is a consensus within the scientific community that sonochemistry arises from the violent collapse of microbubbles formed in liquids submitted to power ultrasonic waves.
High-accuracy and high-sensitivity optical tracing of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) involved in a nocturnal tropospheric chemical reaction process in smog chamber using quantum cascade laser
Dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) is an important reactive intermediate in the atmospheric chemistry of nitrogen oxides and nitrate aerosol, especially during night-time. It is also an important reservoir of NO3 radical that can react with various volatile organic