Blood vessels regulate fetal brain growth

Millions of neurons are generated during fetal development from progenitor cells that reside inside the embryonic brain More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Risky attraction to the familiar smell of disease

Many animals remember smells, sights, and sounds (‘cues’) they encounter as juveniles, like the smell of nearby individuals, or their environment. More »


23rd International Conference on Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. Rome, Italy. December 10-11, 2018

Conference Series LLC is a renowned organization that organizes highly notable conferences throughout the globe. Currently we are bringing forth 23rd International Conference on Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (Pharma Biotech 2018) scheduled to be held during December 10-11, 2018

Sole Pheromones: “What we have here is a failure to communicate”?

Pheromones are an important, but understudied, facet of reproduction in many animals. What we know about pheromones in fish mostly comes from freshwater species. However, many economically important species are marine. One such is the Senegalese sole

Transcription modulation in Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (X. citri) is a Gram-negative bacterium and the etiological agent of citrus canker, a severe disease that affects all the commercially important citrus varieties with worldwide distribution. The best method to control the

What else can a robot do? Reducing the use of hormone in the dairy industry!

Contrary to an increase in milk yield, dairy cows exhibit weaker and shorter heat signs than ever before. It causes a stockman hard to observe the estrus signs. Thus, efforts to promote reproduction efficiency have focused on

Does non-clinical maternal depression have a lasting effect on mother-infant interactions?

The special emotional bond that forms between a mother and her infant appears very early in life. Integral to this relationship is the infant’s ability to be able to detect contingencies between his or her own behavior

The T cell IFT20 interactome: new insights into immune synapse assembly regulation by the IFT system

T lymphocytes are key cellular components of the immune system that are essential for the elimination of viral, bacterial and parasitic infections as well as of malignant cells. T cell activation is initiated following recognition of pathogen-

Characteristics of children with familial and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a disease characterized by weakening of the heart muscle that becomes dilated and unable to pump blood efficiently. DCM is diagnosed in 0.57 of 100,000 children per year in North America and has

Towards better tissue regeneration: Improved vessel growth using synthetic polymers

The formation of vascular network is crucial for development and function of most of the tissues due to oxygen and nutrients supply and removal of toxic metabolites. In case of an injury such as bone or soft

Toscana virus circulation in central and southern Italy

Sandfly fever viruses are widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin, where they are transmitted by the bite of sandflies in the breeding season. The most common viruses associated with human infections are sandfly fever Naples virus, sandfly

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage, molecular separation, sensing, and catalysis. In contrast to

Vitellogenesis: not only in the liver and not only in females

Vitellogenin (VTG) is an estrogen-dependent, females-specific yolk precursor protein naturally synthesized during the reproductive period in the liver of oviparous vertebrates. Released in blood, VTG is taken from the growing oocytes by micropinocytosis and used as nourishment

Expression, purification and functionality of bioactive recombinant human vascular endothelial growth factor VEGF165 in E. coli

Angiogenesis, the growth of blood vessel from the existing vasculature, depends on the expression of various growth factors but Vascular Endothelial Growth factor (VEGF) ranks as the key inducer and the central mediator that promotes vascular permeability.

Treating white spots of vitiligo

Skin color is such a critical part of our sense of who we are. Skin color varies from dark brown to pale white. Our skin color defines our “tribe”, that group of people with whom we identify

Dual functionality of a graft starch flocculant: flocculation and antibacterial performance in water treatment

Water treatment agents, including coagulants / flocculants, bacteriostatic / bactericidal agents, scale inhibitors, etc., play very important roles in the field of water treatment. However, traditional water treatment agents usually possess single functionality only, causing a wide

Bioelectro-Fenton: a sustainable process for the removal of pharmaceuticals residues from water

Water scarcity is one of the main environmental issues humanity is facing. This situation is aggravated by the constant release of refractory contaminants into water reservoirs due to the incessant growth of the industrial activity. These so

How do cats avoid small obstacles during walking?

Avoiding obstacles obstructing a walkway is a usual, but not a trivial motor task. A lot of work had been done so far to elucidate how biped humans solve this task, but only a few efforts were