Nitrogen limitation of CO2 fertilization: relief from fungal partners

New research shows that the stimulatory effect of atmospheric CO2 on plants depends on soil nitrogen and on the microbes that can help plants get it. More »

Using genome-scale models to predict biological capabilities

Rapid advances in DNA sequencing and synthesis technologies have revolutionized the study of life sciences. More »

Do plants have brains?

Many organisms have circadian clocks. These internal clocks play essential roles for predicting day-length or seasons, and they regulate behavior and hormonal secretion in animals More »

Zika virus infection during pregnancy and small heads: What is the connection and what can be seen by imaging

Within the last year, the outbreak of Zika virus infection in Brazil became a “public health emergency of international magnitude and concern”. More »


Edaphic oribatid mites: a vast diversity taxon below our feet

The soil, for the majority of people, is only the ground below their feet, but instead of that, it represents a natural environment that contains one of the most rich and poorly known diversity on earth. Ecologically

Contribution of EphA2 to effective transplantation of macrophages/monocytes into the spleen

The spleen is formed by the white pulp and red pulp. The former is subdivided into the T-cell zone and the B-cell follicles, and the latter into the splenic sinus and the cord. The spleen reacts immunologically

AMF assemblages in biocrusts from a Neotropical savanna are not related to the perennial Trachypogon

The mycorrhizal symbiosis plays an important role in nutrient uptake by plants. The AMF act as a bridge, connecting the soil and plant roots. The mycorrhizal fungi help their plant hosts by taking up and transferring soil

Switching colors – feedback control of carotenoid biosynthesis in Arabidopsis

Plants need to coordinate the biosynthetic activities present in different compartments. This is challenging especially for pathways localized within organelles, e.g. plastids, as most of the genetic information was transferred into the nucleus during the establishment of

In vivo dissection of extracellular vesicles production in plants

In the last decade, the number of studies isolating and describing extracellular vesicles (EVs) has dramatically grown once their participation in intercellular communication has been confirmed. As transporters of bioactive molecules, EVs can take part in different

The silent go-between – the role of the microbiota as intermediator in horizontal gene transfer

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) (also known as lateral gene transfer) is a powerful genetic process, in which DNA is transmitted from a donor organism to a recipient organism that is not its offspring. Thus, acquisition of DNA

Pd-catalyzed Mizoroki-Heck reaction of [Ph2SR][OTf] with alkenes

Fluoroalkyl(diaryl)sulfonium salts are conventional but useful synthetic reagents in the preparation of functional molecules. S-Trifluoromethyl(diaryl)sulfonium salts, known as the Yagupolskii-Umemoto reagents ([Ar2SCF3]X (X = OTf, BF4)) and initially exploited as electrophilic +CF3 transfer sources for a variety

10th Annual Immunology Congress. Zurich, Switzerland. August 28-29, 2018

Allied Academies invites all the participants from all over the world to attend “10th Annual Immunology Congress” conference on August 28 – 29, 2018 at Zurich, Switzerland. The field of Immunology is growing rapidly and its development is making tremendous impacts

Improving the innate immune response to S. aureus

MRSA, which stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, is a bacterium that poses a significant health threat. MRSA lives on common surfaces and parts of the body, including the skin and nose.  Although MRSA does not always cause

Magnetically-responsive nanophotonics with iron-doped silver nanoparticles

Nanostructures play an important role in photonics, thanks to the wide range of active and passive optical effects they can generate. For instance, silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) are renowned for their plasmonic properties exploitable for quenching or

Radiation oncology articles not easily readable for most Americans

Many Americans turn to the Internet for medical information. In fact, over 80% of Internet users seek information online regarding their health, which demonstrates how often the Internet is used to research diseases, medical treatments, and other

Making a display just like printing a newspaper? The use of liquid metal EGaIn electrode has made that dream possible

Quantum dot light-emitting diode (QLED) is a promising candidate for the next generation display due to its advantages of high color saturation, tunable emission color and inherent high stability. Compared with organic light-emitting diode (OLED), QLED can

The role of the endocannabinoid system during pregnancy

The number of countries decriminalizing and/or legalizing the use of cannabis for recreational or medical purposes is constantly increasing. Although medical use of cannabis has been proven to alleviate certain pathological conditions, it has also been reported

Cronigal: a simple prognostic index for chronic patients after hospital admission

Chronic and Polypathological patients (PP) account for a significant percentage both in primary care and in hospital setting. This has led to an increased interest in finding a prognostic survival index in patients with chronic diseases affecting

Early plant development under stress relies on RNA splicing

Plants are unable to move away from harmful environmental conditions that affect their well-being and that ultimately compromise their growth and thereby crop production. To cope with a constantly changing environment, they have evolved unique and elaborate

Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms – is right colon resection necessary?

Appendiceal neoplasms are rare and often show low-grade histologic features. Symptoms and signs related to peritoneal metastases most commonly results in a diagnosis. Historically, epithelial appendiceal neoplasms have routinely been treated by a right colectomy. However, three