Mapping red nucleus connections in humans by using dMRI and tractography

Human brain is an enormous and complex network. Central to current scenario on brain networks is the concept of the connectome More »

Curiosity and flexibility help birds to master rapid environmental change

Birds are one of the most mobile organisms on earth due to their ability to fly. This allows them to use areas far apart for breeding and non-breeding More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »

 

Assessing the evidence on weight loss strategies

Weight loss and weight management is of upmost importance in our current climate of increasing rates of overweight and obesity and of associated diseases like type 2 diabetes. Here the evidence on weight loss strategies, in people

Delay of GABA switch due to early – life stress leads to developmental disorder

Early-life stress, such as child neglect and abuse, is referred as one of the most prominent risk factor causing lasting social problems, which influence later development of psychopathologies. One specific sensitive period in neural development occurs during

Old school wins: outbreak investigation of foodborne salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases in humans posing a major public health concern worldwide. It is caused by ingestion of contaminated food with non-typhoidal Salmonella. The most common foods that have been linked

Analysis of school traumatic brain injury policy content

Millions of children and teens are affected by sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries (TBI) annually. To help reduce the effects of TBIs in youth sports, between 2009 and 2014, all 50 states and the District of

Gamma-tubules — novel filaments in the fight against cancer

The word skeleton sounds very significant, and indeed humans could not exist without a skeleton! Similarly, a cellular skeleton or cytoskeleton is crucial for the functions of a cell. Several different types of cytoskeleton have been identified

Threading bromoplumbate nanochannels with polycationic chains

To obtain precise structural information of polymers in the solid state is of importance in chemistry, physics and materials science because such information not only provides fundamental understanding of the nature of polymers, but can also allow

Mediterranean diet and liver steatosis: the importance of polyphenols

In November 2010 UNESCO officially recognized the Mediterranean diet as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and defines it as a “set of traditional practices, knowledge and skills passed on from generation to generation, providing a sense

Eye drops for preventing dry eye in adverse environments

Dry eye disease is a common chronic condition, affecting between 5% and 50% of the adult population in different parts of the world. Adverse environmental conditions, including low relative humidity and high airflow velocity, are recognised to

A novel estimation method for diffusion in biological membranes

Random walk of lipids and other molecules present in biological membranes is of great relevance in biology and medicine. The distance travelled by walking molecule depends on the geometrical characteristics of the trajectory. At the beginning of

Electrifying drug delivery

Most patients with chronic illnesses are treated with oral drugs and injections. These delivery methods are plagued by low drug efficacy and nonspecific side effects. In addition, studies estimate that as high as 60% of the patients

Nanofabrication of mechano-bactericidal surfaces

The adaptation of bacteria to survive in the presence of antibiotics and their ability to form biofilms on conventional antibacterial surfaces has led to an increase in persistent infections caused by resistant strains of bacteria. This presents

Spinal nerve involvement in early Guillain-Barré syndrome: the Haymaker and Kernohan’s legacy

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute-onset, immune-mediated disorder of the peripheral nervous system, which is currently divided into several subtypes based on electrodiagnostic, pathological and immunological criteria. GBS includes at least three disease patterns: acute inflammatory demyelinating

A stirring-free photoelectrochemical cell for solar hydrogen production

Direct conversion of solar energy to hydrogen via photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a promising approach to a sustainable-energy society, because hydrogen is storable, transportable, and can be converted to electricity without producing carbon dioxide. PEC cells

Chemical reactions speed up with hollow fluorescent carbon and gold nanoparticles

Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) constitute one of the most interesting model systems in the area of heterogeneous catalysis. Au NP hybrids with hollow nanocages, alloyed nanoparticles and core-shell structure play important roles in harvesting light energy and

Psychiatry, Women’s Mental Health and Child Protection. Dubai, UAE. August 26-27, 2019

Lexis Conferences welcome you to Dubai, UAE; the most populous and largest city focusing on modern architecture with extravagance shopping and exuberant nightlife scene. Middle East Meetings on ‘’Psychiatry, Women’s Mental Health and Child Protection’’ slated on

Transient imine directing groups for C–H functionalisation

In chemistry, ‘organic’ molecules are defined as having a carbon-based structure and are found in all living systems. They can also be designed and synthesised for application in numerous industries, for example as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, cosmetics, paints,

H+ and OH− in H2O

The effects of H+ and OH− on liquid H2O have attracted much attention by spectroscopic and computer simulation studies. In this work, we offer an alternative approach; from a differential solution thermodynamic. Namely, we use higher order

Alzheimer’s risk gene weakens brain cell’s garbage disposal system

APOE ε4 is the most common genetic risk factor for development of Alzheimer’s disease. Having two copies of this gene (one from the mother and one from the father) increases a person’s relative risk to as much

Hidden toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles

Zinc Oxide (ZnO) is one of the most exploitable nanoparticles (NPs) in industrial and consumer products especially in cosmetics, food additives, pharmaceuticals, biosensors, photo electricity and rubber industry etc. Regarding their wide variety of applications, they constantly

Will older people use smart technologies designed to improve the quality of their lives?

Smart technology or gerontechnology devices or solutions, including telehealth, telecare, information and communication, and robotic options offer older adults throughout the world the promise of having more healthy, independent, comfortable, and active lives. This technology relies on