Blood vessels regulate fetal brain growth

Millions of neurons are generated during fetal development from progenitor cells that reside inside the embryonic brain More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Risky attraction to the familiar smell of disease

Many animals remember smells, sights, and sounds (‘cues’) they encounter as juveniles, like the smell of nearby individuals, or their environment. More »


An ionic liquid in water

Since about the turn of this century, studies on a group of salts called “ionic liquids” (IL) have been gained a large attention. While they are ionic compounds their melting points are much lower than normal inorganic

3rd International Conference on Embryology and Human Genetics. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. October 17th – 18th, 2018

It’s a great pleasure and an honor inviting you for the “3rd International Conference on Embryology and Human Genetics” to be held on October 17th – 18th, 2018 at Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. Embryology 2018 aims to

Anomalous arterial supply to the colon refuses to obey the embryonic hernia model

In 2009 and the following 2010, we have encountered the first case (Case 1) and the second case (Case 2) of anomalous arterial blood supply to the colon in our anatomical practice for the medical students. The

Turing instability: life’s unique defiance of the second law of thermodynamics

Our psychological ‘arrow of time’ is conditioned by the Second Law of Thermodynamics, i.e. by the law of increase in entropy. A drop of blue ink will spread in water, as would white milk in black coffee.

Novel structural features of cowpea cystatins explain their remarkable stability to temperature and pH

Proteinase inhibitors are proteins that regulate the fate of proteolysis in animal and plant organisms. Phytocystatins are plant inhibitors targeting cysteine proteinases from endogenous origins, like that encountered in papaya and pineapple fruits, as well as proteases

Chemically-stimulated production of receptors and ion channels in insect cells

Because primary cultures of insect cells are laborious to produce and maintain and have relatively short term cellular longevity, they are inadequate for insecticide screening, but do have utility for pharmacological experiments.  Insecticide discovery by industry typically

P2X7 antagonism: a specific tool to decrease inflammatory status in human atherosclerotic vessels?

Atherosclerosis is a dynamic progressive disease of the large arteries characterized by the tendency to accumulate lipids, inflammatory cells, smooth muscle cells and extracellular matrix within the sub-endothelial space, and progressing in unpredictable way to different stage.

Rapid identification of respiratory syncytial virus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of severe lower respiratory tract diseases in infancy and early childhood. A rapid, simple, and accurate plaque assay for RSV identification is one of the most important procedures in

Unraveling the need of vitamin E during early embryonic brain development

During early vertebrate development, the dorsal ectoderm forms the primordium of the central nervous system along the rostro-caudal axis: the neural tube. The closure of the neural tube is a complex process that depends on adequate genetic

If you need a reason to become a furry pet lover, how about their ability to help protect kids from allergies and obesity?

For decades, we have known that children growing up with furry pets have lower rates of asthma than those who do not, an observation attributed to the hygiene hypothesis. As our knowledge of the human microbiome has

Micro-Flow Imaging: spotlight on PLGA microparticle agglomeration

Since the 1980s, engineers are capable of precisely controlling fluids inside channels of a few microliter or less. Recent advances in microfluidics have led to the development of powerful analytical techniques. One of those techniques is Micro-Flow

Internal structure of scaly armor enables bite resistance in the African Pangolin

Natural materials often exhibit excellent mechanical properties that are packaged within lightweight structures. This exceptional performance of natural materials is achieved through efficient use of architectural design, which is difficult to replicate synthetically. Recent efforts in solid

Unlocking the anticoagulant potential of Barrel Jellyfish tentacle extract

Cnidarians in spite of their toxicity have long been indicated as a potential source of natural bioactive compounds of pharmacological concern useful to develop new drugs or biomedical materials. A number of metabolites, anti-cancer, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant

Obesity fuels breast carcinogenesis: What is the molecular basis?

Excess body weight is associated with the primary risk of 13 distinct cancers and is generally considered a poor prognostic indicator for patients diagnosed with a variety of malignancies. Obesity is increasingly recognized as a risk factor

The longest single crystal structure confirmed azaacene derivative: one step forward large conjugation molecules

Organic semiconductors are supposed to be the next generation semiconductors, which shows many great advantages over silicon. For example, their devices are easier and cheaper for fabricating and can be flexible. Their variable molecular structures can be

Linear-shaped and ring-shaped Re(I) multinuclear complexes work as highly photofunctional molecule

Octahedral six coordinated rhenium(I) (Re) diimine complexes with three carbonyl ligands show long-lived and strong room-temperature luminescence, attributed to a low-lying triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (3MLCT) excited state. Tunability of their properties emerges from synthetic versatility and therefore