Sailfish: the fastest fish in the world?

The fascination for speed runs deep in humans: we are in awe of fast cars and the 100-meter race is the most popular event at the Olympics. More »

Nerves are required to repair the injured heart

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), such as heart attack, are responsible for approximately 18 million deaths each year, which accounts More »

Can the developmental synchrony be affected by the mothers?

Biological synchrony is a ubiquitous yet highly diverse phenomenon, with examples as wide-ranging as More »

Regulation of mediator’s expression and chemotaxis in mast cells

The increasing prevalence of inflammatory diseases worldwide underlines the importance to study the molecular mechanisms leading to these disorders More »

 

Classification based on quantiles

Supervised classification is about finding formal rules to classify observations into one of two or several known classes based on training data for which the classes are known. The observations are characterised by several variables or features.

Chromosome gains and losses in the human brain are probably less important than previously thought

In general, each human cell contains 46 chromosomes: 23 chromosomes from each parent. Before a cell divides all chromosomes are duplicated. The cell has several mechanisms to ensure that during cell division the chromosomes are evenly distributed

Which healthcare providers are more likely to screen women for domestic violence?

At least one in four U.S. women experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime. Victims often need intensive physical, emotional, and financial services to recover from their abuse. Early and careful screening could reduce suffering, disability

Vodka and wine consumption: good for your liver?

Approximately 50 million Americans are affected by metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is defined as hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high blood pressure and glucose intolerance leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of

The mother’s latent immune disease can affect her unborn child

At birth our immune system is still immature but fully develops during our childhood, and when we encounter different infectious threats it adapts and generates a memory that will protect us if we are exposed to the

The gut balance solution to obesity

The gut hartbors trillions of microbes that support many critical functions throughout the body (Fig. 1.). These microorganisms collectively are called The Gut Microbiome and are mainly bacteria but are also known to contain yeasts, and even

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius infection: a downside to man’s best friend?

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a bacteria identified in the past decade that is increasingly recognized to cause infections in people.  S. pseudintermedius colonizes ~90% of healthy dogs, and the common sites are the pharynx, nares, rectum, and skin.

Nanoscale engineering of heterostructured anode materials for boosting lithium ion storage

Rechargeable lithium ion batteries (LIBs), as one of the most important electrochemical energy storage devices, currently provide the dominant power source for a range of devices including portable electronic devices and electric vehicles due to their high

Gamete activation: what else?

Fertilization is the complex and unique process that marks the creation of a new individual. Mutual activation of gametes is a crucial event during fertilization where the two metabolically quiescent cells, upon a reciprocal signal, undergo structural

‘HATs On’: A small molecule with big potential in epigenetic therapy for Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common, progressive and age-related neurodegenerative disease, whose incidence is set to double by 2030 as people are living longer. At present, it is estimated that ten million people worldwide suffer with PD.

What’s your move? The ecological influence of personality-dependent space-use patterns in animals

In ecology we often try to answer questions about the processes that determine population dynamics, and interactions between individuals within or between species (e.g., competition for resources and predator – prey dynamics, respectively). The way animals move

Nanoparticle can directly permeate across cell membrane without membrane disruption

Nanoparticles (NPs) have been attracting much attention for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. In most of the applications, NPs are required to translocate across the cell membrane and to reach the cell cytosol. Experimental studies have reported that

TSPO, bond of ages

In the microbic world of about 3.5 billion years ago, unicellular eukaryotes (organisms with cell nuclei) started to form a symbiosis with prokaryotes (organisms without cell nuclei). These prokaryotes were bacteria that could breath oxygen, whereas the

Holding the last line of defence against malaria

Malaria contributed to the deaths of almost half a million people worldwide in 2015. This disease mainly affects people in the developing countries and imposes a serious health and financial burden. Artemisinin (ART)-based combination therapy is the

Control of plant architecture by gravity

Plants are permanently tethered to the soil and thus, unlike animals, they cannot physically escape from harmful situations. Instead, they have evolved mechanisms to adapt their growth to an ever-changing environment. A simple example of this phenomenon,

A new role of neutrophils in the promotion of experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm

Neutrophils are the most abundant type of white blood cells in the human body and account for approximately 60% of all cells circulating in the bloodstream. They are the first cells recruited in response to an infection and constitute