Mapping red nucleus connections in humans by using dMRI and tractography

Human brain is an enormous and complex network. Central to current scenario on brain networks is the concept of the connectome More »

Curiosity and flexibility help birds to master rapid environmental change

Birds are one of the most mobile organisms on earth due to their ability to fly. This allows them to use areas far apart for breeding and non-breeding More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »


Domain strain-engineering for epitaxial ferroelectric thin films by sputtering

The integration of multiferroic materials in the new generation of nanostructured electronic devices requires precise and orderly control of the thin films growth, taking into account the nature of such materials to develop domain structures, that is,

Infectious Leptospira cross-talk with host catecholamine’s during infection

Leptospira belongs to the family Leptospiraceae and the pathogenic species cause a zoonotic disease called leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic infection of human and veterinary concern, with approximately over one million cases reported annually. This disease

How can you tell that stem cells are good at math? You can watch them multiply and divide!

Blood production is an essential process in all vertebrate animals that needs to occur throughout an organism’s lifespan; red blood cells need to carry oxygen to distant tissues, platelets are required for stopping bleeding after injuries, and

Extracellular enzymes detecting heavy metal pollution in the Ganga River

India with more than 1.25 billion peoples is facing a significant challenge in meeting the growing water supply needs of burgeoning human population. Ganga, the most sacred river of India, that supplies water to over one fourth

Unlocking a cure from within for X-linked diseases

The mammalian X chromosome is home to many genes that are important for brain development and function, as well as genes associated with reproduction. More than 200 disease-causing mutations have been identified on the X-chromosome. Diseases caused

Fruit of the heirloom: ancient non-commercial plant varieties as superior sources of health-beneficial compounds

Lands subtracted to intense urbanization are home of a rich biodiversity, which is well exemplified by the occurrence of many different plant species. Plants thriving in such areas have established a perfect synergy with the local environment,

Excessive vascular fibrosis predicts early failure of hemodialysis fistulas

Patients with end-stage renal disease require a functional vascular access to receive hemodialysis and prolong their lives. The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis. The AVF is surgically created by connecting a superficial

Opium use increases the chance of pancreas cancer in a large population-based study

Pancreas cancer is a common cancer with few treatment options and as a result is associated with considerably reduced chances of survival for the patients. Several factors such as obesity, diabetes, and smoking (including smokeless and other

How can we make nanoparticles more effective against cancer?

Chemotherapy is an integral part of the present cancer treatment paradigm, despite its common and severe side effects. Nanotechnology provides a plethora of promising avenues for overcoming chemotherapy limitations. Drug encapsulation within nanoparticles helps to retain it

Tissue-specific MED1 LxxLL motifs play critical roles in HER2-driven breast cancers

Estrogen Receptor (ER)  is a nuclear hormone receptor that plays important roles in normal mammary gland development as well as breast cancer growth and metastases. In a breast cancer setting, when ER is bound by estradiol, there is

Aggregation properties as potential markers for classifying rubber particle proteins

Natural rubber is an important biopolymer that mainly consists of cis-1,4-polyisoprene. The rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis is the only commercially viable source of natural rubber because of its good yield and the product’s high quality. Rubber elongation

A cool new way to cool (or warm)!

The cooling or warming of patients being treated for certain medical conditions can greatly increase their chance of survival. For example, survival after cardiac arrest can be almost doubled if the patient is gently cooled for about

Cannabis sativa: not just Devil’s weed

When hearing about Cannabis sativa, we undeniably think about marijuana and its addiction. However, C. sativa grown for industrial use has a Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, a psychoactive component) content <0.3% and has instead a high number of cellulosic

A vaccine candidate for Zika with potential for reduced risk of antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE)

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has rapidly extended its geographic range. Its association with abnormal fetal brain development, sexual transmission, and lack of a preventive vaccine have constituted a global health concern. Designing a

Hinokitiol (Beta-thujaplicin) has an ability to inhibit action potential conduction in nerve fibers

Hinokitiol, a natural tropolone derivative contained in a species of cypress tree, has various actions including inhibition of apoptosis, and insecticidal, anti-fungal, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities. We previously reported that plant-derived chemicals (capsaicin, menthol and

Potential biomarkers of CDK4/6 inhibitors in HR-positive advanced breast cancer

Thanks to the development of endocrine therapy, the mortality rate of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients has been decreased drastically. In spite of the improvement, however, relapse and progression that are driven by different mechanisms are

A new class of antisense RNAs that regulate gene expression

Cellular senescence is characterized by a stable cell proliferation arrest in response to different stresses such as oncogene activation. It is thus considered as a major anti-cancer barrier. However, the accumulation of senescent cells can lead to

Midkine controls natural bypass growth by regulating the bioavailability of VEGF

Cardiovascular occlusive diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction or perivascular artery diseases (PAD) are a major personal and social burden. According to the World Health Organization, vascular occlusive diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide.  Current

Immunological changes at puberty drive increased mortality from endotoxemia in mice

Sepsis is a complex and deadly syndrome in which the body’s response to infection malfunctions and loses the ability to resolve inflammation properly. This loss manifests in a variety of ways, ranging from organ-damaging inflammation to immune

List of the schools you may get medical assistance education

Planning on becoming a medical assistant? There are plenty of schools for you to choose from. You can complete a medical assistant course within 2 years at minimum (3 if you choose to earn additional qualifications) but