Tag Archives: alcohol

Does the total alcohol consumption in a population determine the number of heavy drinkers – or is it a case of the tail wagging the dog?

It is widely believed that a country’s total alcohol consumption (commonly reported as per capita volume of 100 per cent alcohol per year) determines the number of heavy drinkers and thus also the degree of alcohol-related health

How much alcohol is in ketamine`s antidepressant response?

The rapid and robust antidepressant action following a single intravenous sub-narcotic ketamine infusion (usually 0.5 mg/kg over 40 minutes) in the treatment of resistant major depression is unique and encouraging, albeit short-lasting (up to 7 days). Increasing

Avoiding the dilemma between too much alcohol and too much volatile acidity in wine

Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history, thus affecting the production of many crops, including wine grapes. Indeed, global warming uncouples technological and phenolic maturity of

Role of fermented beverages in the maintenance of weight loss

Obesity is an increasingly prevalent disease and is associated with multiple chronic complications, such as diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, increased risk of cancer, etc. These complications may be ameliorated or even disappear after small but maintained weight

Heavy alcohol drinking and potassium channel genes

Alcohol use disorder is a chronic and relapsing brain disease that has damaging, sometimes deadly, consequences for the individual and costs society billions of dollars a year (approximately $223 billion). Despite alcohol use being one of the

Stopping light drinking may increase death risk among healthy adults

Former drinkers, that is those who have stopped alcohol use, have higher mortality than lifelong abstainers. Higher mortality may be due to some disease, alcoholism or ending beneficial moderate drinking, which has been found to decrease mortality.

Personality and alcohol use disorders outcome

The main objective of Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) treatment is to give up alcohol drinking for as long as possible, and, secondly, to reduce physical harm by drinking less alcohol. However, there are two important problems which

Alcohol and prostate cancer risk

In a large follow-up study, we found that heavy regular alcohol consumption and binge drinking during midlife were associated with a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer risk. Specifically, men who were heavy drinkers (>14 drinks/week) were

Vodka and wine consumption: good for your liver?

Approximately 50 million Americans are affected by metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is defined as hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high blood pressure and glucose intolerance leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of

Immunological disturbances observed in chronic alcoholism

Alcoholism is a complex behavioral disorder characterized by the loss of control over alcohol consumption often involving other drug abuse with a relapsing and remitting course leading to significant impairment. Chronic alcohol use and alcoholism damages many

Alcohol problems in India

Despite low prevalence of alcohol use in India, alcohol use disorders are prevalent and persistent among men in Goa, India.  The finding is reported in a study conducted by the Sangath Institute (India) in partnership with the

Recovering from addiction: Do peer-delivered services help?

New research indicates that addiction to alcohol and drugs is a chronic condition. For many, recovery from addiction is often a lengthy process that requires ongoing management and support. Yet the traditional approach to addiction provides intensive

Selecting for selective enzymes: Engineering P450s to produce chiral alcohols

Hydroxylation is the insertion of an oxygen atom into a C-H bond, to give chemicals with a C-O-H linkage (commonly known as alcohols). The process of hydroxylation is one difficult for chemists to achieve due to the

Why drinking the Mediterranean way is healthier

A recent letter in the British Medical Journal suggests that how alcohol is consumed should be given more emphasis when advising on alcohol limits. The British government recently reduced its recommended limit to 14 units per week

Simple Hepatic Cysts : Percutaneous treatment

Cysts are fluid filled cavities that can be found anywhere in the body as well as in liver. Simple hepatic cysts are common in general population and pose no risk for malignancy. Although they usually cause no

Alcohol sports sponsorship and harmful drinking

There is strong and consistent evidence to show exposure to alcohol advertising increases the likelihood that young people start drinking at an earlier age, and to drink more if they already use alcohol. The Organisation for Economic