Tag Archives: autism

Butyrate enhances mitochondria respiration when challenged with oxidative stress

Butyrate is a ubiquitous short-chain fatty acid (4 carbons in length) that has been shown to have many health benefits. Butyrate is principally produced by the trillions of microbial cells that live in our intestine commonly known

Improving Social Skills for adults with autism and co-occurring intellectual disabilities to promote workplace inclusion

Social behaviors are complex and differ in presentation across age groups and cultures. The development of social skills, are necessary to promote positive social interactions across a range of community environments, especially the workplace. The ability to

Unlocking a cure from within for X-linked diseases

The mammalian X chromosome is home to many genes that are important for brain development and function, as well as genes associated with reproduction. More than 200 disease-causing mutations have been identified on the X-chromosome. Diseases caused

How a cellular samurai may be linked to autism

Inside cells, a highly dynamic and ever-changing cytoskeleton network determines cell shape (permanent or temporary), powers movement (intracellularly or on a substrate), aids cell division and segregation of chromosomes in daughter cells, and supports cellular extensions like

The interaction between diet and gut bacteria in Autism Spectrum Disorder

The gastrointestinal tract is inhabited by millions of bacteria that live in a symbiont relationship with the human host. In recent years, researchers have discovered more and more that the gut bacteria can have effects on the

Autism training: the one-eyed wo/man in the land of the blind

The number of people diagnosed with autism is on the rise. According to figures revealed in the Millennium Cohort Study (n= 13,287 families), autism prevalence rates in the United Kingdom (UK) are 3.5% of 11-year-old children. In

High-functioning children with autism and their language difficulties

Autism is a developmental disorder that expands along a long spectrum and implicates a number of difficulties for communication and social interaction. The problems of individuals with autism with language vary and correlate, to a large extent,

High-Resolution chromosome ideogram representation of recognized genes for autism spectrum disorders

Classical autism which is termed as an autistic disorder belongs to the autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Autism was first coined in 1943 by Dr. Kanner. Individuals with ASD may be diagnosed as early as three years of

Mothers of children with autism report worse immunity

Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) report higher levels of parenting stress than almost any other group of parents of children with disabilities. In addition, parents of children with ASD often report high levels of

Does physical functioning, emotional and behavioral problems differ in children with ADHD +ASD and ADHD?

ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are two of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, affecting approximately 5% and 1% of the population, respectively. Up to 79% of children with ASD and 50% of children with ADHD are

A small structure hidden in the brain that might play a big role in diseases like depression and autism

The choroid plexus is a hidden and often neglected, but important, structure in the brain. The choroid plexus hangs inside the brain ventricles which are filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (Fig. 1). Importantly, the choroid plexus is

Memory mechanism demonstrated in humans

Long-term potentiation (LTP) is the pricipal candidate synaptic mechanism underlying learning and memory. LTP has been studied extensively in laboratory animals, but until recently, inquiry into the functional significance of LTP has been hindered by the absence

Young adults with autism show improved social function following UCLA skills program

Researchers at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA have found that a social skills program for high – functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants’ ability to engage with

Infants’ superior perception linked to later autism symptoms

People with autism are often described as “seeing the world differently.” They tend to show superior perception for details, like, for example, the autistic artist Stephen Wiltshire’s highly accurate representations of cityscapes drawn from memory. Now, researchers