Tag Archives: bone

A new perspective on guided bone regeneration in foot surgery with heterologous materials

Guided bone regeneration (GBR), developed in 1976 by Melcher, is a surgical procedure used to increase the amount of bone volume. It uses barrier membranes with or without particulate bone grafts or/and bone substitutes. The basic principle

Bone from tissue banking to regenerate the lost bone jaws induce the production of antibodies

Dental implants have shown important role in dentistry, reaching success rates in osseointegration at the order of 97% of cases. The dental implant is a titanium device which is positioned in the alveolar bone, so as to

Can Radon radiation become a source of treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common type of autoimmune disease. It is triggered by a faulty immune system of the body. However, the real cause of the disease is not completely known. The disease affects the

A New therapy for healing nonunion fractures in patients using self-bone marrow derived mesenchymal

Sometimes a broken bone fail to heal (“nonunion”) and it is necessary to induce the formation of new bone tissue to connect the broken pieces. Investigators from the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC) and orthopedic surgeons

Effect of Femoral offset in THA ?

The Femoral Offset (FO) is defined as the perpendicular distance between the femoral head’s center of rotation and the long axis of the femur, which is estimated using an anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the pelvis as shown

Materials for tomorrow: right next to us!

The idea of an artificial device able to help human parts to regenerate or to replace entirely one of the body functions attracted the attention of research teams around the world. During recent years, a route of

Theophylline, a drug to treat asthma increases risk of fracture and causes vitamin D deficiency

Incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) of which asthma is the commonest manifestation is growing by leaps and bounds in two most populous countries, India and China due to rapid growth of industrialization and associated rise

Massive septic pelvic osteolysis following revision total hip arthroplasty in a patient with sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a hematologic disorder characterized by production of abnormal hemoglobin and often (50%) complicated with bone infraction, hip osteonecrosis etc. Surgical treatment of these complications is often postponed because of a variety of

Tuberculosis in ancient bones can also be identified by a protein of the pathogen

As we all know, DNA is the matrix for the proteins and the proteins are the molecules which are involved in every step of the metabolism of all living organisms inside and outside of cells. Without proteins

Primary care doctor follow up of buckle fractures of the forearm

A buckle fracture of the distal radius (wrist bone) is a very minor fracture and the most common fracture in childhood. A “buckle” fracture occurs when there is a wrinkling of the outer edge of the bone

“Good kids in bad neighborhoods” – the role of bone marrow microenvironment in the development of acute myeloid leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common and aggressive blood cancer in adults and is associated with a high rate of mortality due to cancer therapy resistance and disease relapse. AML is characterized by severe deficiency

Identification of old and contemporary human skeletal remains using an automated extraction method

In many forensic cases, bones are the only potential source of genetic material. Analyses of bone samples, especially old skeletal remains, is a challenging task due to the low amounts of DNA achieved and the additionally degraded

Radiotherapy in palliative treatment of metastatic NSCLC: not all one and the same

The role of an editorial is to incorporate the results of a new relevant study in the scientific scenario, shedding light on some particular results of the trial which can change the clinical practice. The starting point

Is a tissue-engineering approach effective for the treatment of osteoporotic bone defects?

Osteoporosis (OP) is a disease that affects the formation, maintenance, and density of bone. OP is also associated with an increased risk of bone fracture. For those people/patients facing a traumatic injury or tumor removal in the

Clay nanotubes loaded with Sr(II) could help in designing composite scaffolds for bone regeneration

The treatment of age-related diseases is a high-priority issue in modern western societies, mainly because of the progressive ageing of the population and the increase in life expectancy. Osteoporosis, literally “porous bone”, is a condition in which

Cortical bone: a ground-breaking source for multipotent stem cells

Multipotent stromal cells also known as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a family of cells derived from the mesodermal germ layer, distinguished by their ability to replicate themselves and differentiate, or change morph into different types of