Tag Archives: cancer

Hospital readmission after head and neck microvascular reconstruction

Unplanned readmissions are associated with decreased healthcare quality and increased costs. This nationwide study examines causes for unplanned readmission among head and neck cancer patients undergoing immediate microsurgical reconstruction. Patients undergoing head and neck tumor resection with

Proteins regulate cancer cell attachment

Aggressive cancer cells are able to leave their original site and invade other tissues. In order for these cells to do this, they must have some way of moving around. This means that a cancer cell must

Prostate-specific antigen 1.5: The new screening protocol

Prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in American men. Tragically, once the disease is spread beyond the prostate gland, therapies become very limited and survival is poor. Like other cancers, prostate cancer can recur

A new three-headed, long-tailed molecular beast eats cancer

We made and tested a series of new compounds containing three chemical rings and hooked them to long carbon tails. These new molecules killed a broad range of pediatric and adult cancer cells including neuroblastoma, osteosarcoma, malignant

Do all children have equal access to Phase I cancer trials?

Approximately 60% of pediatric cancer patients participate in clinical trials compared to only 5% of adult cancer patients.  These pediatric clinical trials have been instrumental in improving the 5-year survival rate of childhood and adolescent cancer patients

Identification of a new T cell regulator

T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling is mediated by the activation of protein-tyrosine kinases such as p56lck and ZAP-70. In mature T-cells, CD4 and CD8 molecules bind to p56lck which then phosphorylates the intracellular immune-receptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAM)

Atomic structures of telomerase shed light into the mechanism of telomere replication

Telomeres comprise the six nucleotide repeats at the end of eukaryotic chromosomes and they are essential for the faithful replication and protection of our genome. Significant telomere attrition forces the cells to enter a dormant state to

Germ cell testicular cancer incidence

Testicular cancer is not your normal malignancy. A few cancers occur in children, while most occur in older people. However, hardly any occur specifically in young adults. Testicular cancer is one. Incidence rises rapidly in the teen

Annual Summit on Cell Signaling and Cancer Therapy. Chicago, USA. September 27-28, 2017

Annual Summit on Cell Signaling and Cancer Therapy is bustling to be held at Chicago, USA during September 27-28, 2017 hosted by Conferences Series. Through the theme “To Frame An Admiring Portal For Pioneering Cancer Therapy and

DNA methylation markers in colorectal cancer state-of-the-art

Colorectal is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. There were over 1.3 million new colorectal cancer cases worldwide, of which approximately 50% died as a result of the disease in 2012. Like all cancers, CRC

Drugs from the sea: complex structures to fight a complex problem of resistance in cancer

It is well known that incidence of cancer cases figures among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Most of disseminated cancers share the common feature of not responding to anticancer drugs. This phenomenon is known as

Mechanism of the tumor suppressive properties of glycodelin

Malignant growth in cancer is characterized by loss of cell differentiation, uncontrolled proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. In some cases it is possible to revert malignant cells back to normal. However, this process is not very well

Acute stroke in 3 brain territories suggests cancer

Over the past several decades cancer has increased to rival heart disease as the leading cause of death in the United States. Non-infectious endocarditis and cancer-associated hypercoagulation (C-AH) have both been suggested as a source of stroke

Teasing apart the roles that oncogenic miRNAs play in breast cancer

Oncogenic miRNA and breast cancer Since the early 2000’s, the field of RNA has been contributing to major discoveries in cancer research. McroRNAs are small RNA molecules (miRNA), inhibit the messenger RNAs that produce our proteins. Normally,

Could low albumin be a marker of an undiagnosed cancer?

Cancer is an increasingly common problem that affects one-in-two British people over the course of their lifetime. Survival rates are getting better with increased awareness, better tests and more effective treatments, but the UK still lags behind

Patterns of mutation in cancer genes

In most cancers, the majority of the changes to the DNA (termed mutations), acquired during the disease process are inconsequential in terms of driving the cancer, however a few of the changes in a small set of