Tag Archives: cardiovascular
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Selective recruitment of monocytes into the arterial intima and their transformation into macrophage-derived foam cells is one of the earliest events in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Foam
The vascular system normally facilitates the passage of blood, nutrients and oxygen throughout the body whilst maintaining a non-thrombogenic surface. Our blood vessels therefore play a key role in homeostasis. In response to vascular injury however there
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose (or hyperglycaemia) resulting from defects in insulin secretion from the pancreatic beta cells, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycaemia produces disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and
A clot that obstructs blood flow triggers the onset of most heart attacks and 85% of strokes, the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Reestablishing blood flow rapidly limits damage to the heart or brain, saves
Inflammation is a double-edged sword used by the body to initiate the healing process. However, persistence of immune responses can cause progressive destruction of tissues culminating in self-destructive autoimmune reactions which is a hallmark of many diseases.
The American Psychological Association estimates that more than 70% of Americans regularly experience the physiological or psychological symptoms associated with chronic stress, with a third of the population thought to be living with extreme levels of stress.
Blood pressure (BP) is the driving force that distributes the blood to the organs of the body according to their instantanous needs. It may be increased by pressor agents acting on the heart, vessels, and blood volume,
Heart disease and cancer are the most common causes of death in the United States. They often have the same risk factors (for example, smoking, advancing age, obesity). Heart disease can worsen outcomes after cancer therapy and
Traffic noise is a known environmental risk factor for health. Health effects of noise exposure are hypothesised to occur via several pathways. Exposure to noise may affect the autonomic nervous system increasing heart rate, blood pressure and
Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are usually reserved for inoperable patients or given adjuvantly for those with residual tumor and/or metastatic disease. Elsayad and coworkers describe a novel treatment modality with adaptive radiotherapy using tumor-volume tracking in a 37-year-old
Cardiovascular diseases are among the top causes of mortality in the world. Huge efforts are made to fight against the cardiovascular diseases. However, the variability of the symptoms and risk factors makes this fight very challenging. While