Tag Archives: children

Improving asthma control, one school at a time

Asthma is a big problem: it affects almost 10% of children in the United States and costs $56 billion a year in direct and indirect costs. Every day, 36,000 children miss school because of asthma, and children

The ADHD diagnose – a way of masking problems in society?

Difficulties with attention and hyperactivity among children have gained increasing concern during the past decades. Journalists, policy makers, researchers, teachers, healthcare professional, social workers, parents and others discuss how children with such difficulties should be understood and

Can we replace heparin with saline in long term central venous catheters in children?

A central venous catheter (CVC) is a long, thin, flexible tube which is inserted into a large central vein. This enables access to the blood stream for people with serious medical conditions to receive medications and fluids,

Chiari malformations and syringohydromyelia in children

More than 100 years ago, Hans Chiari, an Austrian pathologist, described different types of morphological abnormalities of the posterior fossa, the small space in the lower part of the skull just above the spinal canal. The brainstem

Warming and increased rainfall are changing malaria hotspots in the highlands of Burundi

Children under five years old are more affected by malaria than any other age group, accounting for 78% of malaria related deaths in 2012. Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest burden of malaria deaths world-wide, with 229,486 of

Efficacy of exercise intervention for weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents: Meta-analysis and implications

The global rise in obesity prevalence among children and adolescents has been linked to modifiable lifestyle factors, including lack of physical activity. However, no known meta-analysis has been conducted on the effects of exercise intervention on body

Less perineal damage in sitting position not explained by changing position to perform an episiotomy

Perineal damage is a common complication in childbirth. Perineal damage causes pain and discomfort and can be immobilizing for women. Furthermore, it is a risk factor for blood loss and infection. Perineal damage can be a spontaneous

Neurofeedback for ADHD – specific effects on behaviour and brain

Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) are commonly described as having difficulties in controlling their attention and in regulating and especially withholding actions when they are inadequate. One common way of addressing these problems is medication. While

“What a long headache you’ve had!” Lingering concussion symptoms may not be what they appear in kids

For most children with a concussion, their symptoms disappear in 1-2 weeks. However, up to 15%-30% of children with a concussion will have symptoms that last 3 months or more. On-going symptoms are important for healthcare providers

Children and the rejection of foods before tasting – the role of visual familiarity

Familiarity with different foods is one factor that has been proposed to explain childhood eating behaviours such as picky/fussy eating and the rejection of uncommon or novel food stuffs. Some research has suggested that this rejection of

Pediatric insomnia: Review and recommendations

Insomnia, characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep, is the most commonly reported sleep problem among children and adolescents.  Nonetheless, pediatric insomnia is not typically assessed and is generally left untreated. One study found that primary care

Autonomy, reciprocity and respect: cultural values and their impact on indigenous children’s development

Child development is currently a topic of concern for scientists, teachers and governments. Ethnography, Cultural Psychology and Human Ecology have contributed to criticize the idea of universal pathways of human development, stressing the intimate relationships between children’s

A rare and insidious brain vessel disorder in children with HIV infection

Over the last decade children who acquire HIV infection from their mothers are surviving longer due to improved access to health care, nutritional support and antiretroviral therapies (ART). As they live longer, complications which were previously not recognised in

Cochlear implantation in children with auditory neuropathy

Hearing loss is one of the most common disorder that can affect newborns, with a rate of one affected child on every 1000 births. A normal speech development is desired for these patients and can be reached

It’s time to leave the wilderness

Child Neurologists are the specialists who take care of children with diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. Some of those conditions include epilepsy, migraine, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and autism. Child Neurology was recognized

Body weight and age may predict severity of obstructive sleep apnea in children

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is a common clinical problem that causes obstruction to breathing during sleep. Affecting one in ten children, the growing prevalence of this problem has attracted national attention. The hallmark of OSA