Tag Archives: children

I knew I loved you before I met you: Unlocking the potential of prenatal attachment

When do you think the bond between a mother and her child begins? As you ponder this question, you may be thinking it’s when a baby is first born, as a mother cradles her newborn in her

Do all children have equal access to Phase I cancer trials?

Approximately 60% of pediatric cancer patients participate in clinical trials compared to only 5% of adult cancer patients.  These pediatric clinical trials have been instrumental in improving the 5-year survival rate of childhood and adolescent cancer patients

What all can your child eat apart from food: coins, magnets or more?

Ingestion of foreign bodies is a common paediatric problem. The majority of ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously. The type of foreign body differs depending on the age and eating habits of the subject. Thus, foreign bodies found

Do children with Autism Spectrum Disorder understand the representational meaning of the eye gaze?

Gaze following is crucial for human social cognition, this ability develops from a low-level perceptual mechanism to a representational one. In typical development, between 6 and 12 months, infants perceive the gaze as a directional cue that

Cerebellar and brainstem malformations

The development of the cerebellum and brainstem is a highly complex process that involves a large number of genes. Mutations in these genes may cause an abnormal development of the cerebellum and brainstem and result in several

Improving asthma control, one school at a time

Asthma is a big problem: it affects almost 10% of children in the United States and costs $56 billion a year in direct and indirect costs. Every day, 36,000 children miss school because of asthma, and children

The ADHD diagnose – a way of masking problems in society?

Difficulties with attention and hyperactivity among children have gained increasing concern during the past decades. Journalists, policy makers, researchers, teachers, healthcare professional, social workers, parents and others discuss how children with such difficulties should be understood and

Can we replace heparin with saline in long term central venous catheters in children?

A central venous catheter (CVC) is a long, thin, flexible tube which is inserted into a large central vein. This enables access to the blood stream for people with serious medical conditions to receive medications and fluids,

Chiari malformations and syringohydromyelia in children

More than 100 years ago, Hans Chiari, an Austrian pathologist, described different types of morphological abnormalities of the posterior fossa, the small space in the lower part of the skull just above the spinal canal. The brainstem

Warming and increased rainfall are changing malaria hotspots in the highlands of Burundi

Children under five years old are more affected by malaria than any other age group, accounting for 78% of malaria related deaths in 2012. Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest burden of malaria deaths world-wide, with 229,486 of

Efficacy of exercise intervention for weight loss in overweight and obese adolescents: Meta-analysis and implications

The global rise in obesity prevalence among children and adolescents has been linked to modifiable lifestyle factors, including lack of physical activity. However, no known meta-analysis has been conducted on the effects of exercise intervention on body

Less perineal damage in sitting position not explained by changing position to perform an episiotomy

Perineal damage is a common complication in childbirth. Perineal damage causes pain and discomfort and can be immobilizing for women. Furthermore, it is a risk factor for blood loss and infection. Perineal damage can be a spontaneous

Neurofeedback for ADHD – specific effects on behaviour and brain

Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) are commonly described as having difficulties in controlling their attention and in regulating and especially withholding actions when they are inadequate. One common way of addressing these problems is medication. While

“What a long headache you’ve had!” Lingering concussion symptoms may not be what they appear in kids

For most children with a concussion, their symptoms disappear in 1-2 weeks. However, up to 15%-30% of children with a concussion will have symptoms that last 3 months or more. On-going symptoms are important for healthcare providers

Children and the rejection of foods before tasting – the role of visual familiarity

Familiarity with different foods is one factor that has been proposed to explain childhood eating behaviours such as picky/fussy eating and the rejection of uncommon or novel food stuffs. Some research has suggested that this rejection of

Pediatric insomnia: Review and recommendations

Insomnia, characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep, is the most commonly reported sleep problem among children and adolescents.  Nonetheless, pediatric insomnia is not typically assessed and is generally left untreated. One study found that primary care