Tag Archives: children

Children and the rejection of foods before tasting – the role of visual familiarity

Familiarity with different foods is one factor that has been proposed to explain childhood eating behaviours such as picky/fussy eating and the rejection of uncommon or novel food stuffs. Some research has suggested that this rejection of

Pediatric insomnia: Review and recommendations

Insomnia, characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep, is the most commonly reported sleep problem among children and adolescents.  Nonetheless, pediatric insomnia is not typically assessed and is generally left untreated. One study found that primary care

Autonomy, reciprocity and respect: cultural values and their impact on indigenous children’s development

Child development is currently a topic of concern for scientists, teachers and governments. Ethnography, Cultural Psychology and Human Ecology have contributed to criticize the idea of universal pathways of human development, stressing the intimate relationships between children’s

A rare and insidious brain vessel disorder in children with HIV infection

Over the last decade children who acquire HIV infection from their mothers are surviving longer due to improved access to health care, nutritional support and antiretroviral therapies (ART). As they live longer, complications which were previously not recognised in

Cochlear implantation in children with auditory neuropathy

Hearing loss is one of the most common disorder that can affect newborns, with a rate of one affected child on every 1000 births. A normal speech development is desired for these patients and can be reached

It’s time to leave the wilderness

Child Neurologists are the specialists who take care of children with diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. Some of those conditions include epilepsy, migraine, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and autism. Child Neurology was recognized

Body weight and age may predict severity of obstructive sleep apnea in children

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is a common clinical problem that causes obstruction to breathing during sleep. Affecting one in ten children, the growing prevalence of this problem has attracted national attention. The hallmark of OSA

Sex traffickers target girls with intellectual disabilities

It is well known that children with intellectual disabilities face a much higher risk for sexual abuse and sexual assault than those without disabilities. Perpetrators of child sexual abuse select victims who have disabilities because they view

ADHD treatment: Does mindfulness matter?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders of childhood. A significant number of individuals diagnosed with ADHD will continue to experience significant impairment into adolescence and early adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD include developmentally inappropriate

Prior authorization for child and adolescent psychiatric patients deemed to be in need of inpatient psychiatric admission

Four million children and adolescents in the US suffer from a serious mental disorder that causes significant functional impairments at home, at school and with peers. In youth, many of these disorders can have life-long deleterious effects.

Facial fractures among Sudanese children

Trauma to the face in children can result fractures to the facial bones and jaw are less frequent compared to adults but result in special complications affecting the growth, function and esthetics. The study aimed at assessing

Imperforate hymen in a sixteen-month-old child

The hymen is a solid membrane located at the entrance into the vagina. The most common form is the annular hymen with one central opening. However, there are several other variations such as the microperforate hymen, hymen

Child fussy eating and body composition

Fussy (or “picky”) eating behaviour is common in childhood and a source of concern for parents. Fussy eaters are characterised by their consistent rejection of certain foods – particularly vegetables – often resulting in a restricted dietary

Help for breastfeeding mothers and babies with shared care

The World Health Organisation and the UK Department of Health advise all mothers to totally breastfeed for the first six months of a baby’s life and to continue to breastfeed along with other foods until the child

Stressful childhoods lead to shorter adult height, but via different pathways for boys and girls

As children grow into adults, they face compromises between prolonging growth, and reaching milestones such as puberty and the start of reproduction. They respond to cues in their environment in order to choose the best compromise. In

Osteoporosis in childhood

It is well known that bones tend to become brittle with ageing. Less well-known is that children also suffer from fractures resulting from little or no force to provoke the injury. The cause in some children is