Tag Archives: cofactor

Calcium ion by replacing magnesium ion unravels an unexpected role for the mitochondrial F1FO-ATPase

The F1FO-ATPase/synthase is universally known as a complex enzyme machinery which, embedded by the FO portion in the inner mitochondrial membrane and the catalytic F1 sector protruding in the matrix, matches the transmembrane proton flux which occurs

Finechemical production by photosynthesis

The foreseeable depletion of fossil resources and the increase of atmospheric CO2 leads to a urgent demand of to increase the sustainability of our industry. The pharmaceutical and chemical industries belong to the most waste-intensive and energy