Tag Archives: diet

Genetics, human metabolism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Relationship between genetype, phenothype and diet in the NAFLD context

Advancement in technology has introduced a new era of genetic investigation: the so called next-generation sequencing. This innovative approach has allowed to extend the study of our genome and has led to the identification of numerous variants

How salt hate your bones: the nexus between high dietary salt intake and bone loss

High dietary salt intake induces bone loss by enhancing bone lethal Th17 cells and suppressing bone protecting Treg cells.

Osteoporosis weaken bones making them fragile and highly susceptible to fractures due to reduction in bone mass via depletion of bone minerals. This leads to higher incidences of fractures many folds responsible for enhanced morbidity and mortality.

What is the keto diet?

Posted by Josh Miller The majority of diets come and go, and if you’ve tried as many as I have with less than great results, then you often wonder why you would bother with all the effort.

Ingredient in hops to treat learning and memory impairments and metabolic changes associated with a high-fat diet

the Memory Island program

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. MetS is associated with enhanced risk to develop age-related cognitive impairments and and dementia. Diets high in saturated fat induce inflammation that contributes

Assessing the evidence on weight loss strategies

Weight loss and weight management is of upmost importance in our current climate of increasing rates of overweight and obesity and of associated diseases like type 2 diabetes. Here the evidence on weight loss strategies, in people

Plant based diets can help lower blood pressures of women in the U.S.

Approximately 65% of adults over 60 years in the US are hypertensive. Poor dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are fueling the hypertension epidemic. Higher consumption of plant foods can help lower blood pressures in developed countries. Moreover,

Strain-specific growth of gut microbiota modulated with carbohydrate-rich-diet is relevant to host health

A growing number of studies have revealed that reversal of intestinal microbial dysbiosis via dietary intervention provides promising benefits to our health. Manipulation of gut microbiota to achieve optimum health benefits is attractive but realizing it precisely

The interaction between diet and gut bacteria in Autism Spectrum Disorder

The gastrointestinal tract is inhabited by millions of bacteria that live in a symbiont relationship with the human host. In recent years, researchers have discovered more and more that the gut bacteria can have effects on the

Dietary phosphorus overload can accelerate cavity formation in tooth

Dental caries or dental caries is an extremely common yet preventable oral disease. Clinically, dental decay can be partly reversed, if it is diagnosed and treated in its early stages. Dental decay induces damage to the teeth

The most popular smartphone diet apps not required to be the most usable and effective apps

According to WHO global estimates, in 2014, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) was obese, while 39% of adults aged 18 years and older (38% of men and 40%

How sugar and fat affect our brain leading to a high blood pressure?

Obesity is a serious, chronic and pandemic disease that can have a negative effect on many systems in our body. People who are overweight or obese have a much greater risk of developing serious diseases including hypertension.

The gut balance solution to obesity

The gut hartbors trillions of microbes that support many critical functions throughout the body (Fig. 1.). These microorganisms collectively are called The Gut Microbiome and are mainly bacteria but are also known to contain yeasts, and even

Cancer prevention guidelines are associated with lower cancer risk in low-income and African American populations

Cancer is a major public health burden as an estimated 1,685,210 new cancer cases will be diagnosed in the United States in 2016. In general, African Americans and Americans with low socioeconomic status tend to have higher

Dining at extraordinary locations: new species of bacteria on fatty diet

Birds are among the most popular organisms on earth. Their majestic appearance, lovely songs as well as the ability to fly have always thrilled people making them one of the most thoroughly investigated classes of the animal

Do ready meals provide adequate nutritional value for the elderly?

The UK is the biggest market for ready meals in Europe, and the single elderly rely more on ready meals than any other group in British society. But do these meals provide adequate nutritional value? A recent

Bloody stool due to ulcerative colitis during low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is a global concern. Therefore, various weight-loss diets have been developed. A low-carbohydrate weight-loss diet, also known as the Atkins diet, is one such diet. In the United States, the proportion

Why drinking the Mediterranean way is healthier

A recent letter in the British Medical Journal suggests that how alcohol is consumed should be given more emphasis when advising on alcohol limits. The British government recently reduced its recommended limit to 14 units per week

From famine to feast: cells can adapt to nutritional changes

Sometimes we have mostly vegetables, at other times, meat; sometimes we eat much, at other times, little. Our diet can be quite changeable. This is all the more true for animals, which need to content themselves with

How to increase heights in short populations such as the Philippines

Interactions between nutrition and various infections in developing countries are complex and analyses of the inter-relationships requires data from longitudinal studies spanning several years and a comprehensive framework facilitating the formulation of food and health policies. There

Are children, adults and elderly women in Greece meeting dietary intake recommendations?

Ensuring adequate nutrient intakes is vital not just for preventing deficiencies, but also for optimizing health and wellbeing in all life stages. Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity and the overconsumption of calories, still inadequate