Tag Archives: disease

Normal mouth fungus changes after admission to the intensive care unit

The mouth is an important entry point into the body. Under normal conditions the mouth has many kinds of fungus, called the oral mycobiome, that help the body maintain health and resist infections. Several factors contribute to

Allelic variations within genes coding for cytokines among Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia: New candidate genes for future disease studies

Cytokines are a set of low molecular weight proteins/glycoproteins secreted by almost all types of cells. They regulate cell growth, immune response and blood cell development in the bone marrow. Genetic variations in cytokine genes include single

Understanding how enzyme injection for Dupuytren’s disease works

The fascia of the hand is a thin layer of connective tissue that wraps around the muscles, tendons, and neurovascular constitutions in the palm of the hand, providing structural support and integrity. The palmar and digital fascia

Treatment strategy of transcatheter closure in the combination of atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus

Atrial septal defect ( ASD ) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are common congenital heart diseases, and transcatheter closure of each of the isolated defect is now widely accepted as an alternative to surgical closure. However, the

Serotonergic drugs in the treatment of symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease showing alterations in neurotransmitters, above all in brain regions responsibles for cognition and emotions. In this disease, an imbalance between neurotransmitters, acetylcholine, GABA, glutamate, noradrenaline and serotonin are included. In brain

Lyme disease causing Borrelia are genetically distinct from their relapsing fever causing cousins

Lyme disease, a tick-borne infection caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and its relatives, is currently the most prevalent vector-borne disease in North America and temperate regions of Eurasia. Increasing temperatures have expanded the habitat range for

New potential approach to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as one of the most common chronic liver disease, affecting up to 30% of the general population worldwide. NAFLD is characterized by hepatic fat accumulation exceeding 5% of liver weight,

A home-based portable instrument to monitor wellness and disease

In the past decade, a number of methods have been made available for health-conscious people designed with the purpose of monitoring wellness and disease information that may be obtained without visiting a conventional and centralized clinical laboratory. 

Comparison of the effect of exercise on late-phase LTP of the dentate gyrus and CA1 of Alzheimer’s disease model

There has been a recent upsurge of scientific reports about the benefits of regular physical exercise for general health and particularly for mental health.  Healthy diet and physical activity have emerged as promising low-cost measures for protection

Medicines – allergic reactions to antiepileptic drugs

Around 1% of the global human population – ca. 65 million – suffer from epilepsy – a chronic neurological disease with one of the most prominent symptoms being so called epileptic seizures. With a range of antiepileptic

Cushing’s Disease – why is the diagnosis so difficult?

Cushing’s disease, named after the neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing, and caused by an adrenocorticotroph hormone (ACTH)-secreting benign tumor of the pituitary, is a rare illness. The pituitary is a gland at the base of the brain that secretes

The impact of climate conditions on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis incidence

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by the bite of an infected adult female sandfly. The female sandfly acquires Leishmania parasites in the blood meal intake on an infected mammalian host in order to obtain

Good morning… let the stress begin. What is stress and how do we study it?

The American Psychological Association estimates that more than 70% of Americans regularly experience the physiological or psychological symptoms associated with chronic stress, with a third of the population thought to be living with extreme levels of stress.

Renal cell carcinoma: can we identify patients with advanced disease?

Kidney cancer is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women with approximately 61,560 new cases and 14,080 deaths from this disease expected in 2015. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most

Visceral adiposity index as a potential biomarker for cardiometabolic risks

Nowadays, obesity poses one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. Visceral adiposity and its associated disorders including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes and hypertension, are the key elements characterizing the cardiometabolic risk. Such risk is frequently used

Will dengue vaccination be cost-effective for an epidemic country? The case of Argentina

Dengue is one of the major tropical diseases, causing a huge burden in terms of suffering, deaths and economic costs globally. Many research institutions and pharmaceutical companies throughout the world have been trying to develop a vaccine