Tag Archives: disease

Serotonergic drugs in the treatment of symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease showing alterations in neurotransmitters, above all in brain regions responsibles for cognition and emotions. In this disease, an imbalance between neurotransmitters, acetylcholine, GABA, glutamate, noradrenaline and serotonin are included. In brain

Lyme disease causing Borrelia are genetically distinct from their relapsing fever causing cousins

Lyme disease, a tick-borne infection caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and its relatives, is currently the most prevalent vector-borne disease in North America and temperate regions of Eurasia. Increasing temperatures have expanded the habitat range for

New potential approach to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as one of the most common chronic liver disease, affecting up to 30% of the general population worldwide. NAFLD is characterized by hepatic fat accumulation exceeding 5% of liver weight,

A home-based portable instrument to monitor wellness and disease

In the past decade, a number of methods have been made available for health-conscious people designed with the purpose of monitoring wellness and disease information that may be obtained without visiting a conventional and centralized clinical laboratory. 

Comparison of the effect of exercise on late-phase LTP of the dentate gyrus and CA1 of Alzheimer’s disease model

There has been a recent upsurge of scientific reports about the benefits of regular physical exercise for general health and particularly for mental health.  Healthy diet and physical activity have emerged as promising low-cost measures for protection

Medicines – allergic reactions to antiepileptic drugs

Around 1% of the global human population – ca. 65 million – suffer from epilepsy – a chronic neurological disease with one of the most prominent symptoms being so called epileptic seizures. With a range of antiepileptic

Cushing’s Disease – why is the diagnosis so difficult?

Cushing’s disease, named after the neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing, and caused by an adrenocorticotroph hormone (ACTH)-secreting benign tumor of the pituitary, is a rare illness. The pituitary is a gland at the base of the brain that secretes

The impact of climate conditions on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis incidence

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by the bite of an infected adult female sandfly. The female sandfly acquires Leishmania parasites in the blood meal intake on an infected mammalian host in order to obtain

Good morning… let the stress begin. What is stress and how do we study it?

The American Psychological Association estimates that more than 70% of Americans regularly experience the physiological or psychological symptoms associated with chronic stress, with a third of the population thought to be living with extreme levels of stress.

Renal cell carcinoma: can we identify patients with advanced disease?

Kidney cancer is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women with approximately 61,560 new cases and 14,080 deaths from this disease expected in 2015. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most

Visceral adiposity index as a potential biomarker for cardiometabolic risks

Nowadays, obesity poses one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. Visceral adiposity and its associated disorders including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes and hypertension, are the key elements characterizing the cardiometabolic risk. Such risk is frequently used

Will dengue vaccination be cost-effective for an epidemic country? The case of Argentina

Dengue is one of the major tropical diseases, causing a huge burden in terms of suffering, deaths and economic costs globally. Many research institutions and pharmaceutical companies throughout the world have been trying to develop a vaccine

Targeted exercise intervention for bradykinesia in Parkinson’s disease

Exercise has been used as an intervention for many diseases; however, to maximize the benefits of any exercise intervention there we must understand that exercise is not a blunt, unidimensional tool; but rather, a malleable prescriptive instrument

Belching: How does it work?

The belch seems like a simple rapid act with no clinical significance, but many studies suggest otherwise. Although most of the belch response occurs over a period of less than two seconds, the belch is actually composed

What is bad about not being social in schizophrenic patients?

What is the paper about? We were interested in the frequency of social contacts among patients with schizophrenia and were wondering whether frequent social contacts might contribute to a reduction of so called negative symptoms, i.e. coldness,

Celiac disease and nutrition

Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic, immune-mediated enteropathy of the small bowel mucosa, induced by dietary gluten in genetically pre-disposed individuals. It is characterized by intestinal malabsorption and subtotal or total atrophy of intestinal villi, which improves