Tag Archives: disorder

Molecular mechanisms of gastrointestinal disorders caused by general anesthesia

Nowadays it is impossible to imagine surgery procedures without general anesthesia. From the wide variety of general anaesthetics both intravenous (such as propofol, ketamine, fentanyl etc.) and inhalation anesthetics (such as isoflurane, sevoflurane, desflurane etc.) are some

Why is anxiety more common in women? Investigating sex differences in threat and safety learning

Anxiety-related disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are up to twice as common in women as in men but the reasons behind this remain unclear. People with PTSD often experience negative emotions like fear when reminded of

The tripartite cognitive model of panic disorder

Panic attacks (PA) are very common phenomena and represent a nonspecific risk factor for psychopathology. Approximately 5% of individuals who experience unexpected PA develop panic disorder (PD), a chronic clinical condition of recurrent unexpected PA and persistent

ADHD treatment: Does mindfulness matter?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders of childhood. A significant number of individuals diagnosed with ADHD will continue to experience significant impairment into adolescence and early adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD include developmentally inappropriate

Family and bipolar disorder: where are we now?

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by severe high (mania or hypomania) and low (depression) moods that alternate with periods of relative stability (euthymia). Although the frequency and severity of the episodes vary from one individual

Rare disease day; 500 years ago

A rare disease is a life-threatening or chronically debilitating condition with a very low prevalence. Several institutions such as Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medical Agency (EMA) and Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) have put in place

What predicts who will do well in treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological response following a traumatic event and affects about 8% of the population. Effective psychological treatments do exist and should be made available to anyone who is diagnosed with PTSD.

Reversibility of FXTAS

Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome or FXTAS is a relatively unknown neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive development of tremor, ataxia, parkinsonism, and psychiatric problems. The cause of the disease is a so-called premutation in the FMR1  gene, located

Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder report sexual problems

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a distressing and disabling condition that can develop after experiencing a life threatening or horrifying experience such as an accident, disaster, or combat.  Recent research shows that problems with sexual functioning may

Bioengineered human pyloric sphincters with functional muscle and nerves

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a hollow tube that primarily functions to mediate the digestion of the food that we eat into forms of energy and nutrients that the cells and our body can use. The appropriate

Loneliness matters for people with psychotic disorders

When you ask people with a psychotic disorder, like schizophrenia, what challenges them most in daily life they are likely to say – ‘loneliness’. As nearly everyone can attest, loneliness is painful. It’s the distressing feeling that

Eye movements: a window to the brain of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

In this paper we examined the accuracy and characteristics of eye movements in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and compared these to healthy, typically developing children. FASD may occur when a mother drinks alcohol during

High-Resolution chromosome ideogram representation of recognized genes for autism spectrum disorders

Classical autism which is termed as an autistic disorder belongs to the autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Autism was first coined in 1943 by Dr. Kanner. Individuals with ASD may be diagnosed as early as three years of

Headache is the third leading cause of disability in the world

Three years ago, the medical journal Lancet published the third Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study (GBD 2010). We wrote then of the political significance, and promise, of this report for people with headache. Migraine, an under-recognised,

Two essential cardiac disorders improvement in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Sudden cardiac death and heart failure are the most serious complications of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ( HCM ). To prevent these serious complications, 2 essential cardiac disorders in patients with HCM must be corrected. These are left ventricular (LV)

How does the brain coordinate movement?

Suppose you are sitting in a chair and decide to stand up and walk across the room to switch on the light. How does the brain work out what muscles to contract, by how much and in