Tag Archives: heart

Heart and blood pressure adverse effects of phenytoin

Phenytoin is an effective antiepileptic drug which is used for many years in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Whereas its oral form is used for the long-term treatment of epilepsy, the intravenous form – the injection into

New MRI method for patients with fast and irregular heartbeats

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) takes very detailed pictures of the heart. MRI is very safe because it does not give patients harmful x-rays and is one of the best hospital tests used by doctors to check how

Prognostic value of trans-thoracic echocardiography in patients with acute stroke and atrial fibrillation

Currently, ischemic stroke (which occurs when a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating, can be successfully prevented with

The use of multisite ultrasound in cardiac arrest – the SESAME-protocol

Cardiac arrest is the most critical emergency. The sudden interruption of oxygen supply damages the brain after some minutes. Finding a cause for efficiently fixing the problem is the main target of the frontline physician. Ultrasound is

HDL cholesterol: sometimes more is not necessarily better

Lipoproteins are complex particles that are responsible for transporting the water insoluble molecule, cholesterol, through the blood stream. Cholesterol is transported from the liver to peripheral tissues. Excess cholesterol in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is deposited in the

Heart disease in cancer patients (onco-cardiology / cardio-oncology)

In the United States, heart disease and cancer have been the 2 leading causes of death from 1935 through 2013. In 2010, both diseases accounted for almost half of all deaths in the U.S. Notwithstanding, much success

Secret of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) hidden in small molecules

Diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a great challenge for today’s medicine. It also results from not fully explained pathomechanisms underlying their development and progression. The group of CVDs is a very complex mixture of

The source of adipocytes in arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy

Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive fibro-fatty substitution of the heart, arrhythmias and sudden death. It affects mainly young people and athletes. The clinical manifestations, often devious in early phases, are variable. The

Arrestin-enolase protein complex as a new auto antigen in heart disease

Over the past two decades, evidence of a pathogenic relevance of autoimmunity in human heart disease has increased significantly. A central role for autoimmunity in a significant proportion of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients is supported by the

A novel miniaturized Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system, the guarding angel of your heartbeat

An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or with an irregular rhythm pattern. When the heart beats faster than normal, it

CKD affects mortality in TAVI patients

Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most frequent type of valvular heart disease in Europe and North America. It primarily presents as calcific AS in old people (2–7% of the population > 65 years). Calcific AS is a

Palliative treatment of superior vena cava syndrome with use of stent

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that is caused by compromised venous blood return from the head and upper extremities due to compression and obstruction of the SVC. Respiratory distress, dysphagia, swelling of the

Structure function relationship of gap junctions, the structure that permits heart cells to contract synchronously

The heart is constituted by cells that contract synchronously thereby allowing pumping of the blood to all the organs around the body of animals that possess a circulatory system. The trigger that initiates this contraction is an

Post electric shock cardiac arrest, does it differ?

Sudden cardiac arrest (CA) is a medical emergency that immediately causes circulatory failure with loss of consciousness; absence of breathing; low blood pressure with no pulses; and no heart sounds. The most common causes of CA are electrical

Finding new drug targets to prevent heart attacks and strokes

Heart attacks and strokes are responsible for more deaths than any other disease in the world. The underlying cause of most heart attacks and strokes is a disease of the blood vessels called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis involves accumulation

Replacing diseased arteries: are we close enough?

Medical device technology has advanced to an extent that artificial heart, kidney, arteries, and prosthetic limbs are available as commercial market products. It is now a matter of choice for the patient and the surgeon to choose