Tag Archives: hormones

Can “low calorie”-oil enhance the secretion of incretin hormones with beneficial effects on diabetic patients?

Time courses for plasma GLP-1 following ingestion of olive oil and carrot (squares), C4-dietary oil and carrot (circles) and carrot alone (crosses).

When the human body digests dietary fat (triacylglycerol), hormones from the intestine called incretins are released from the small intestine. These hormones stimulate insulin release and inhibit food intake. The mechanism for the fat-induced incretin release involves

Immunological changes at puberty drive increased mortality from endotoxemia in mice

Sepsis is a complex and deadly syndrome in which the body’s response to infection malfunctions and loses the ability to resolve inflammation properly. This loss manifests in a variety of ways, ranging from organ-damaging inflammation to immune

The pubertal divide in mortality from severe influenza: clues for novel therapeutics

The 1918 influenza pandemic, also known as the Spanish flu, was a protracted and devastating outbreak. Upwards of 500 million people worldwide were infected and death estimates surpassed 50 million. Contemporary studies using virus reconstructed from autopsy

Recurrent ontogenesis

Flowering plants arose during the Cretaceous, and up to date they count around 235,000 species, representing the largest and most diverse group within the plant kingdom. One of the foundation of their success relies upon the production

Host factors, the “Simon Says” for microbial biofilms

Microbes change their behavior, i.e., phenotype, in response to environmental clues. Since microbes, e.g. normal flora and pathogens evolved with their respective hosts, being able to recognize host-derived chemical signals provides a distinctive advantage. This is particularly

Steroid hormones regulated the cellular immune response of the crustacean

The endocrine system plays a crucial role in metabolism. Endocrine – secreted materials regulate the growth , development, reproduction, and immune response of organisms. In crustaceans , steroid hormones have been synthesized by feeding cholesterol as the

Theophylline, a drug to treat asthma increases risk of fracture and causes vitamin D deficiency

Incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) of which asthma is the commonest manifestation is growing by leaps and bounds in two most populous countries, India and China due to rapid growth of industrialization and associated rise

A monkey’s life is full of stress: pressures from a disease and the lack of good food and their effects on abundance

Despite strong links between patterns that individuals deal with others and their success at breeding that ultimately affect the size of animal populations, the particular social and ecological factors that lead to endangerment are not well understood.