Tag Archives: microscopy
MFM is an extended measurement function of the tapping-mode scanning and lift-mode controlling modes of atomic force microscopy (AFM), where the magnetic domain image is obtained by detection of magnetic force gradient changes between a magnetic tip
Is it possible to overcome microscopic contamination affecting the interpretation of the archaeological record?
Archaeology is a subfield of anthropology, the study of all human culture. This discipline often resorts to several scientific techniques to analyse the archaeological record. For instance, microscopy is intensively used to analyse different materials, such as
While our eyes are open they are constantly exposed to bacterial infections, injury, and dehydration. To provide the necessary protection against these hazards the outer surface of our eyes is covered by a thin layer known as
Nature typically strives to minimize the energy of a system. Making water flow downhill and a stretched rubber band shrink when released are just two examples. A commonly experienced consequence of this universal principle is the spherical
Diagnosis of disease is the fundamental goal of medicine as treatment and prognosis rely on it. The diagnostic process ends eventually with tissue sampling (biopsy) for microscopic evaluation. The paradigm “tissue is the issue” reflects the modern trend
As we all know, DNA is the matrix for the proteins and the proteins are the molecules which are involved in every step of the metabolism of all living organisms inside and outside of cells. Without proteins
Cancer is one of the major diseases in the 21st century. Hundreds of billions of dollars have been spent on cancer research in the last half century, but still, our understanding of the disease mechanisms is limited.
The force with which cells adhere to their substrate is of interest in the study of various diseases. For example, in the case of atherosclerosis, the disease that leads to heart attacks and strokes, the “leakiness” of
Articular cartilage is a tissue found in joints throughout the body (knees, elbows, etc.) that plays a significant role in allowing the body to maintain proper movement and engage in physical activities; it also supports the transfer
Supramolecular self-assembly on two-dimensional (2-D) surface is a powerful approach to construct functionalized surfaces. In a self-assembly process, molecules assemble via noncovalent interactions such as van der Waals or hydrogen bonding interactions, and form periodic nano structures.
The current “top down” strategy that aims to miniaturize silicon based electronic components will eventually reach a limit. A new approach is necessary in order to develop more powerful, less expensive and more flexible electronic devices. Molecular
When a human or animal are exposed to elevated temperature, the body temperature rises. A small increase in the body temperature may result in health problems that include a headache, dizziness, or fainting. Red blood cells are
Molecules are known to spontaneously self – assemble into supramolecular structures in solution, on surface, and also at interface. An appropriate understanding of the process of self – assembly is of critical importance to make sophisticated nanostructures.
Caries and Periodontitis are not the only reasons why patients may suffer from problems with their teeth. There are far less frequent occuring phenomena causing dental treatment need, which however are of research interest in respect to