Tag Archives: prevention

Does the total alcohol consumption in a population determine the number of heavy drinkers – or is it a case of the tail wagging the dog?

It is widely believed that a country’s total alcohol consumption (commonly reported as per capita volume of 100 per cent alcohol per year) determines the number of heavy drinkers and thus also the degree of alcohol-related health

Gum disease matters!

Periodontal diseases are abnormal processes affecting the gum, mostly gingivits and periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum, and periodontitis occurs when this inflammation progresses deeper into the gum affecting tooth support. Teeth are anchored to

Suicide prevention or business scam?

Suicide is a significant public health issue and is a leading cause of death globally. For each person who dies by suicide, numerous family members, friends and members of the wider community are affected. Effective interventions that

A pill a day to prevent HIV? Successes and challenges of pre-exposure prophylaxis in the real world

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a pill composed of two antiretroviral drugs (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine, or TDF/FTC) that prevents HIV infection. Numerous studies have now shown that when taken daily, this medication has the potential to

Family, cholesterol and the genes from the ground up or why screening matters

In 1913, the “cholesterol theory” of atherogenesis was proposed. In the 1930s a genetic disorder, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which is associated with elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high risk of heart attack at an

Prevention of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a novel application of the polypill concept

Nearly 287.000 women die every year during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days after birth. Most of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia and South-America, and could have been prevented if women

Prevention of type 2 diabetes: Prevention of beta cell “karoshi”

The number of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) continues to increase despite the recent advances in pharmacological therapies for T2DM. This fact indicates that we still may not sufficiently understand the pathophysiology of this disease. By

Chronic radiation proctitis: prevention better than cure?

Radiation therapy (RT) is common used in treatments for pelvic malignancies (prostate, urinary bladder, cervix, uterus, and anus). A feared complication of RT is called Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP). This is a relatively frequent late (3-6 months

Life profiles of suicide attempters in Northern Ireland: essential implications for suicide prevention

Suicide prevention researchers are particularly interested in elucidating factors that distinguish those who develop a desire to die by suicide from those who have developed both the desire and possess the capacity to attempt suicide. In the

Should you be taking a statin drug?

Millions of patients are currently treated with cholesterol-lowering statin drugs that are prescribed to prolong life and prevent heart attacks. For patients who have never had a heart attack or stroke (primary prevention), statin therapy is typically