Tag Archives: stroke

Different perfusion patterns in a patient with acute ischemic stroke

The main goal of the current acute therapies for acute ischemic stroke is to restore perfusion in brain areas supplied by an occluded artery. The use of endovenous thrombolytic drugs and more recently of mechanical thrombectomy by

Top ten research priorities relating to stroke nursing

It is important that research addresses what is of greatest priority to people affected by a health condition. A UK based organisation called the James Lind Alliance (JLA) brings patients, their family and caregivers, and health professionals

Brain bypass: current trends in the treatment of patients with complex cerebrovascular disease

Cerebral Revascularization or bypass is the neurosurgical equivalent of coronary artery bypass. In these procedures a surgeon uses existing vessels in the head and brain or vessels harvested from another part of the body to either replace

The power of laser light to repair brain from stroke injury

Transcranial near-infrared laser therapy (TLT) also known as NILT is a powerful non-invasive method to promote neuroprotection and repair of the damaged brain. How does it work? For many years, researchers have hypothesized that laser light at

High bedtime home blood pressure strongly predicts post stroke cognitive impairment

Hypertension is the strongest risk factor for stroke and the most modifiable risk factors for the secondary prevention of stroke and for post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring has been identified to better

Stroke mimics: Why we need to consider changing the protocol for stroke treatment

Stroke-like symptoms are not always what they seem. Certain disorders can mimic stroke symptoms, leading to the misdiagnosis of ischemic stroke in up to 19% of patients. Mistaking these stroke mimics with an actual stroke can have disastrous

ARTS (Aspiration-Retriever Technique for Stroke): A novel method for stroke treatment

Ischemic stroke is not only one of the worldwide leading causes of disability and mortality but is also a significant burden on health systems. Actually the standard treatment for the acute event is based on a clot

Testing a new way to measure the impact of stroke: PRECiS

Cognition helps us think and understand the world. It involves functions like memory, attention, problem-solving, planning, organising and communicating. After a stroke, many people have problems with cognition. These can affect confidence, mood and the ability to

A rare and insidious brain vessel disorder in children with HIV infection

Over the last decade children who acquire HIV infection from their mothers are surviving longer due to improved access to health care, nutritional support and antiretroviral therapies (ART). As they live longer, complications which were previously not recognised in

Can an eye exam predict the risk of stroke?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for nearly 200,000 deaths in the UK per year, with coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure accounting for most of these deaths. General practitioners need an accurate and reliable tool to help

How can lithium prevent stroke – Is the inner cell layer of our vessels the key?

Since decades, lithium is one of the most effective drugs for psychiatric diseases such as bipolar disorders; but lithium has a narrow therapeutic window. This means that lithium concentration in patients’ blood should be kept in a

Cardiac device lead clots and cardiac ablation: mitigating the potential for Peri-procedural stroke?

An increasing number of patients receive implanted cardiac devices to ensure adequate beating of the heart ( pacemakers ), prevent sudden cardiac death from life – threatening rhythm disturbances (implantable cardioverter – defibrillator (ICDs) ), as well

The history of carotid stroke

Carotid artery disease is a condition in which fatty deposition (plaque) within the vessel wall of one or both neck arteries causes progressive vascular narrowing. Plaque surface rupture leads to a shower of debris to the brain,

Revisiting NMDA receptor inhibitors that work differently hoping to treat brain injury and stroke

Over-activation of NMDA receptors, a subtype of glutamate receptors, has long been suspected to contribute to the development of the penumbral zone of damage that develops hours after a traumatic brain injury or stroke occurs. This area

Prognostic value of trans-thoracic echocardiography in patients with acute stroke and atrial fibrillation

Currently, ischemic stroke (which occurs when a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by rapid and irregular beating, can be successfully prevented with

Finding new drug targets to prevent heart attacks and strokes

Heart attacks and strokes are responsible for more deaths than any other disease in the world. The underlying cause of most heart attacks and strokes is a disease of the blood vessels called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis involves accumulation