Tag Archives: surgery

Lung cancer imaging before surgery and the role of brain MRI

Lung cancer kills more people each year than any other cancer worldwide. The best chance at curing the cancer is with surgery, however not all lung cancers can be taken out. Surgeons use a variety of imaging

Thymus and surgeon: an attractive and challenging gland

The thymus is a small gland sited in the anterior-superior  mediastinum, approximately in the midline. It has  an h-shape  presenting two upper and two lower horns. It lies on the anterior surface of the pericardium starting from

Frail patients are at increased risk of death following surgery

As a busy surgeon it is sometimes very difficult to predict which patients will do poorly after surgery. Current preoperative measurements have proven to be inaccurate. This may lead to patients undergoing surgery and having bad outcomes.

A surgical treatment for high blood pressure

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 70 million Americans are diagnosed with high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension in the medical field. The majority of these individuals are not experiencing any symptoms

How can we know patients are involved in treatment decision-making?

Nowadays, patients desire a more active role in decision-making about their healthcare. Besides, the patients’ preference may differ from what their doctor advises. Shared decision-making (SDM) is the process in which both doctors and patients decide together

Recent trends in treating kidney stones

Kidney stones are incredibly common in the United States and the prevalence is increasing at a remarkable rate.  In the United States, the chance of a man having a kidney stone at some point in his life

More equal sexual arousal between the sheets

The cosmetic and functional results of creating a vagina by use of penile and scrotal skin in male-to-female transsexuals are, in general, satisfactory. One of the goals of creating a vagina is to create tactile and erogenous

Identifying patients who are at risk of weight regain after obesity surgery

Surgery for obesity called bariatric surgery, is a highly effective treatment option for achieving and maintaining long-term weight loss.  It helps reduce the risk and often resolve medical problems that are associated with obesity including type 2

Root teeth contact by fixation screws during jaw surgeries: incidence and consequences

During the surgeries to correct jaw deformities, known as orthognathic surgery, is necessary to stablish the correct dental occlusion. For that, in the past it was used wires and metal arch bars that usually causes damages to

Swiss physicians’ perspectives on advance directives in elective cardiovascular surgery

Advance directives (AD) are a written document in which patients express their wishes regarding care and treatments in case they would become incompetent. When patients lose competency due to coma or confusion, for instance, AD can help

Nasogastric tube insertion: the simple yet impossible

Nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is a common procedure with wide range of indications from elective insertion in a healthy patient undergoing anesthesia for a routine surgery to critically ill comatose patients. It is usually easier to perform

Improving the care of lung cancer patients who need major surgery

We report the impact of several factors on procedure times for major lung surgery for cancer, focusing on staff turnover within the surgical team. We propose a new definition of surgical team turnover which allows us to

Facial fractures among Sudanese children

Trauma to the face in children can result fractures to the facial bones and jaw are less frequent compared to adults but result in special complications affecting the growth, function and esthetics. The study aimed at assessing

What if a surgically removed neck lymph node turns out to be cancer?

A rising epidemic in the United States is throat cancer, specifically a tumor called squamous cell carcinoma, induced by the human papilloma virus (HPV).  Approximately 12,000 cases occur each year and the number is increasing.  In this

Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C virus infections among candidates for orthopedic trauma surgeries

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by bacteria, virus or fungus micro organism and very readily given by one person to another. These diseases especially those that are transmitted via human blood and cause disease in humans include,

When shoulder replacement fails, what happens next?

Shoulder replacement for arthritis is becoming more common, and is growing at twice the rate of knee replacement. The shoulder consists of a ball (the head of the humerus) and a socket on the shoulder blade (the