Tag Archives: surgery

What if a surgically removed neck lymph node turns out to be cancer?

A rising epidemic in the United States is throat cancer, specifically a tumor called squamous cell carcinoma, induced by the human papilloma virus (HPV).  Approximately 12,000 cases occur each year and the number is increasing.  In this

Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C virus infections among candidates for orthopedic trauma surgeries

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by bacteria, virus or fungus micro organism and very readily given by one person to another. These diseases especially those that are transmitted via human blood and cause disease in humans include,

When shoulder replacement fails, what happens next?

Shoulder replacement for arthritis is becoming more common, and is growing at twice the rate of knee replacement. The shoulder consists of a ball (the head of the humerus) and a socket on the shoulder blade (the

Excess mortality associated with second hip fracture

Hip fracture increases death risk. Ten percent of survivors have second hip fracture. It is not known if second hip fracture further increases death risk. Here, we report that second hip fracture increases death risk beyond that

Emergency department presentation predicts poor outcomes after meningioma removal

A meningioma is one of the most common forms of a brain tumor. Unlike many other types of brain tumors, meningiomas are typically associated with relatively favorable outcomes even when they require surgical treatment. In the past

The blue coma: the role of methylene blue in unexplained coma after cardiac surgery

More than 10% of U.S. citizens aged 12 and over take antidepressant medication, and this percentage is mirrored in many other countries. The most commonly prescribed antidepressant drugs are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), whose mechanism of

Recovery after brachial plexus surgery continues for longer than previously thought

Brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) are severely debilitating injuries in which the nerves exiting the spinal cord at the level of the cervical and upper thoracic spine are damaged. Because these nerves power the musculature of the upper

The right tool for the right job – it is brain surgery after all!

Getting drugs into the brain to help treat cancer or neurological diseases like Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s is pretty difficult. Generally speaking you can’t just take a pill or get an injection as the brain is protected by

Radiotherapy for prostate cancer: restrictions for the treatment of recurrent disease

Patients with prostate cancer who are treated with radiotherapy are not always cured. Depending on their pre-treatment risk factors (most importantly the stage of the tumour), they are at risk of recurrent disease. These recurrences often present

Extended VATS lobectomy

A lobectomy is the standard operation for removal of a lung cancer.  Traditionally, it is performed through a large incision (approximately 15 cm or 6 inches) at the side of the chest.  This incision, termed a thoracotomy,

A treatment option for laparoscopically-resected uterine leiomyosarcoma with morcellation

A new and frequently utilized treatment option for symptomatic uterine leiomyoma is laparoscopic resection with morcellation so the specimen can be extracted through a small abdominal incision or through the vagina. Despite meticulous preoperative evaluation , some

Removal of small tonsils helps children with obstructive sleep apnea

Approximately 2% to 4% of children are affected by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition that can result in decreased memory, bad grades and behavioral problems in school when it is not treated. Large tonsils and adenoids

Erasing atherosclerosis with nanoparticles and near-infrared laser

The advent of nanomedicine and near-infrared (NIR) optics allows the development and design of tools that enhance diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerosis. Clinical application of these technologies is anticipated in the near future. Our trial called NANOM-FIM

Diminished disease-free survival following lung cancer surgery

Treatment of lung cancer requires removal of a portion of a vital organ, which may reduce life expectancy. This would be acceptable when surgery prevents death from cancer. It is harmful in cases identified by screening in

Treatments for peritoneal metastases for colorectal cancer

In a recent attempt to initiate a uniform standard of care for peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer around the globe, the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI), at their biennial meeting, formulated international recommendations for the management

Smaller cut, same result

The mitral valve is one of the four cardiac valves. It sits in the left side of the heart where it serves to prevent backflow of blood from the pumping chamber of the heart (ventricle) and the