Tag Archives: treatment

Uncomplicated type B acute aortic dissection: endovascular repair or best medical treatment?

Patients with uncomplicated type B acute aortic dissection (type B-AAD) are commonly treated with conservative therapy (best medical treatment [BMT]) although the long-term outcome of medical therapy alone is suboptimal, with a reported 30% to 50% mortality

Family, cholesterol and the genes from the ground up or why screening matters

In 1913, the “cholesterol theory” of atherogenesis was proposed. In the 1930s a genetic disorder, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which is associated with elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high risk of heart attack at an

Women less likely than men to stick to cardiac rehab programs

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in North America and it occurs more in women than in men. After a sudden heart event, women are more likely than men to die, more likely to have

How realistic is the potential global spread of Zika virus and should we all be worried?

Unless you have taken a holiday on Mars for the whole of this year no doubt by now you will have heard of Zika. This is the virus that has emerged in the last 18 months to

Treatment of sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is an uncommon, poorly understood disorder that most often affects the chest. Its cause is unknown. While the outcome is, in general, favorable, a small number develop scarring of the lungs (fibrosis), which, if extensive, will

Discovering how treatments for emphysema might lead to infections

Smoking related lung diseases include emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smokers are also at increased risk of pneumonia – bacterial infections of the lung. Together COPD and pneumonia are ranked as the 3rd and 4th

Stroke mimics: Why we need to consider changing the protocol for stroke treatment

Stroke-like symptoms are not always what they seem. Certain disorders can mimic stroke symptoms, leading to the misdiagnosis of ischemic stroke in up to 19% of patients. Mistaking these stroke mimics with an actual stroke can have disastrous

A surgical treatment for high blood pressure

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 70 million Americans are diagnosed with high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension in the medical field. The majority of these individuals are not experiencing any symptoms

Vaccine research on Africa’s cattle-killing East Coast fever: A short (somewhat potted but handsomely illustrated) history

Tremendous research progress has been made over the last ten years to better control the deadly African disease of cattle known as East Coast fever. This disease is caused by a single-celled organism, Theileria parva, which is carried

Novel approaches to cancer treatment encoded within non-coding RNA

A hallmark of all living organisms is the presence of genetic material within each cell; this material is invariantly composed of a specific class of biological molecules known as the nucleic acids. While the more familiar variety

The search for new drug candidates to treat Chagas disease

Chagas disease (CD) is a parasite-born pathology caused by a unicellular microorganism called Trypanosoma cruzi. This illness causes a significant morbidity and mortality in the developing world, being endemic in 21 countries across Latin America, representing also

A new test to select more effective treatments for lung cancer

Sadly, the majority of patients with Lung Cancers who cannot be treated by surgery to remove their tumour, die within a few years. Small numbers are beginning to benefit from chemotherapies which target very specific types of

Seeing the signs: Acromegaly

Acromegaly is a rare disorder typically caused by a growth hormone (GH)-producing tumor in a small gland at the base of the brain: the pituitary. This organ is a “master gland”, controlling the production and release of

Can solar driven processes effectively control antibiotic resistance and cytotoxicity during drinking water treatment?

Antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistant genes have been detected in various aquatic environments because of the disposal of both treated and untreated wastewater. Their occurrence in water is a threat for human and animal health

Are we being shortsighted about shortsightedness?

The number of people becoming myopic (short-sighted), has doubled over the last three decades across the world, reaching levels of 20-50% in Europe and America, and around 80% in East and South East Asia in certain age

Do doctors understand what helps patients with hepatitis C stay on and complete their treatment?

To be cured of hepatitis C, patients must take their medications as prescribed without missing doses and complete the full course of treatment. However, almost half of patients with hepatitis C find it difficult to take their