Tag Archives: treatment

Discovering how treatments for emphysema might lead to infections

Smoking related lung diseases include emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smokers are also at increased risk of pneumonia – bacterial infections of the lung. Together COPD and pneumonia are ranked as the 3rd and 4th

Stroke mimics: Why we need to consider changing the protocol for stroke treatment

Stroke-like symptoms are not always what they seem. Certain disorders can mimic stroke symptoms, leading to the misdiagnosis of ischemic stroke in up to 19% of patients. Mistaking these stroke mimics with an actual stroke can have disastrous

A surgical treatment for high blood pressure

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 70 million Americans are diagnosed with high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension in the medical field. The majority of these individuals are not experiencing any symptoms

Vaccine research on Africa’s cattle-killing East Coast fever: A short (somewhat potted but handsomely illustrated) history

Tremendous research progress has been made over the last ten years to better control the deadly African disease of cattle known as East Coast fever. This disease is caused by a single-celled organism, Theileria parva, which is carried

Novel approaches to cancer treatment encoded within non-coding RNA

A hallmark of all living organisms is the presence of genetic material within each cell; this material is invariantly composed of a specific class of biological molecules known as the nucleic acids. While the more familiar variety

The search for new drug candidates to treat Chagas disease

Chagas disease (CD) is a parasite-born pathology caused by a unicellular microorganism called Trypanosoma cruzi. This illness causes a significant morbidity and mortality in the developing world, being endemic in 21 countries across Latin America, representing also

A new test to select more effective treatments for lung cancer

Sadly, the majority of patients with Lung Cancers who cannot be treated by surgery to remove their tumour, die within a few years. Small numbers are beginning to benefit from chemotherapies which target very specific types of

Seeing the signs: Acromegaly

Acromegaly is a rare disorder typically caused by a growth hormone (GH)-producing tumor in a small gland at the base of the brain: the pituitary. This organ is a “master gland”, controlling the production and release of

Can solar driven processes effectively control antibiotic resistance and cytotoxicity during drinking water treatment?

Antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistant genes have been detected in various aquatic environments because of the disposal of both treated and untreated wastewater. Their occurrence in water is a threat for human and animal health

Are we being shortsighted about shortsightedness?

The number of people becoming myopic (short-sighted), has doubled over the last three decades across the world, reaching levels of 20-50% in Europe and America, and around 80% in East and South East Asia in certain age

Do doctors understand what helps patients with hepatitis C stay on and complete their treatment?

To be cured of hepatitis C, patients must take their medications as prescribed without missing doses and complete the full course of treatment. However, almost half of patients with hepatitis C find it difficult to take their

ADHD treatment: Does mindfulness matter?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders of childhood. A significant number of individuals diagnosed with ADHD will continue to experience significant impairment into adolescence and early adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD include developmentally inappropriate

MSX1 sensitises cells to ovarian cancer treatment

Ovarian cancer is an insidious disease which in the majority of cases is diagnosed only at a very late stage. The majority of ovarian tumours are of a particular aggressive type, called high grade serous ovarian cancer.

Which methodology should be used to evaluate adherence to topical treatment?

Adherence to medication can be defined as “the process by which patients take their medications as prescribed”. Adherence to topical treatment has been less studied in comparison with systemic therapeutic regimens and is poorly understood. In topical

Washing microbes away

Microbial colonies that stick to surfaces or tissues are difficult to remove. The simplest way to try to detach them is to scrub them off, for example when brushing one’s teeth, but the exertion of mechanical forces

Psoriasis: New treatments can completely clear the rash

Psoriasis is a very common skin disease that affects around 3.2% of adults in the US. People with psoriasis develop itchy and often chronic rashes that can be difficult to treat. Psoriasis can be a debilitating disease