Fatigue assessment strategy using Bayesian techniques
The fulfilment of the probabilistic fatigue characterization of materials based on the S-N field requires the definition of the statistical distribution of the percentile curves of the failure probability, interpreted as a simplification, by their confidence bands.
Starch fatty acid esters – versatile bio-based thermoplastics
The biopolymer starch is well-known in the kitchen for baking, cooking, and as a component of flour and is available in large quantities. This makes starch interesting as sustainable resource to convert it into biodegradable products to
From complexity to simplicity via microbial division of labor inspired by Nature
If someone were to put Nature under a microscope, it would become obvious that microbes are present in all environments on our planet. Microbes are often forced to interact within proximity and share resources as an important
Am I at risk of developing diabetes if exposed to insecticide?
The answer is: it depends. Of course, there is no trivial answer to an open question like that when referring to scientific investigation. But we can make you think better before exposure to certain pesticides like malathion.
Murburn concept explains why oxygen is acutely needed to sustain life
Murburn concept (from “mured burning”, signifying a restricted uncontrolled oxidative process) provides a tangible rationale why oxygen is so quintessential for immediate maintenance of life-order. It postulates that oxygen-centered diffusible reactive species (DRS, like superoxide radical) are
Molecular classification of glioma stem cells
Comprehensive genetic analysis of glioblastomas by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) has proposed a new classification based on genetic abnormalities. The characteristic genetic abnormalities identified in the TCGA are promising candidates for novel molecularly targeted therapies, and
BioID screen for bacterial virulence proteins: new tools for infectious disease research
The discovery of penicillin in the 1920s revolutionized our ability to treat bacterial infection. However despite the introduction of antibiotics, infectious bacterial pathogens remain an immense challenge for the healthcare community. The incidence of infection by antibiotic-resistant
Layer-dependent fast electron transfer at the Zn-phthalocyanine-few-layer graphene interface: theory explains
The photo-induced effective interfacial charge separation in Zn phthalocyanine/few-layer graphene heterojunctions has been a promising observation for fabrication of efficient energy-conversion devices. Few-layer graphene are two-dimensional (2D) systems composed of one-atom-thick honeycomb layers of sp2 -hybridized carbon
Emerald Ash Borer attacks trees revealing early chemical clues
The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis, is a major global forest pest (a buprestid beetle) that has decimated ash trees (Fraxinus species) throughout Europe and Asia. Since this nonnative invasive insect was introduced into the U.S.
Your pharmacist will see you now!
Public perception of pharmacists might be limited to dispensing medications. However, pharmacists are trained to deliver patient care to help patients improve their health-related outcomes and achieve their goals. Recognizing the expertise of pharmacists, the State of
A mixture of plant extracts attenuates postprandial glycemia
The epidemiological studies demonstrate beneficial effects of a regular consumption of fruits, vegetables or grains on human health, which is usually a result of their lower caloric value and dietary fiber and specific bioactive compounds present in
No adverse outcomes for infants associated with mums booster of whooping cough vaccine
What is whooping cough, or pertussis? Whooping cough, or pertussis, is a highly contagious bacterial respiratory infection that can be very serious for young infants. Symptoms include violent coughing fits which can last for weeks and make
New 90-million-year-old fossil turtle discovered living alongside dinosaurs in the Zuni Basin, NM
A new fossil species of Cretaceous baenid (extinct turtle) was recently discovered from the Moreno Hill Formation in the Zuni Basin of western New Mexico. The new species, known as Edowa zuniensis (Fig. 1), is the first
Edible coating for enhancing the shelf life of horticulture products
Preserving food, especially horticulture products, is one of the most difficult farm work. The global community has highlighted this problem and set a target of halving per-capita food waste by 2030. Post-harvest losses are one of the
Optimal optoelectronic properties of MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals heterostructures
With the development of next generation semiconductor photoelectric devices towards miniaturization, high performance and high integration, traditional bulk materials are facing enormous challenges. The discovery of graphene has opened the door to the research and application in
Can tremor, depression and progression of the Parkinson’s disease be suppressed simultaneously?
The short answer to this question is YES! Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common age-related and progressive neurodegenerative disorder following Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is associated with motor deficits such as loss of ability to
Campylobacter antimicrobial resistance in dogs and humans
Campylobacteriosis has been the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe since 2005, and the annual number of notified campylobacteriosis cases has increased in many European countries in recent years. The species most associated with
Turbulent flow simulation using a parallel discontinuous method
Turbulent flow is omnipresent in everyday life. When one flies in an aircraft or drives a car, the flow around the vehicle is mostly turbulent. Understanding turbulence has practical importance not only in improving passenger comfort and
Newly emerging drugs of abuse: A cat-and-mouse game
Recreational drug abuse and the resultant overdose have been a serious public health threat in the U.S. and the world. While traditional drugs of abuse remain popular, recreational use of newer synthetic drugs has continued to increase.