Using age-related mortality data for 40 countries, it is shown that the rate of aging does not change significantly over history and is almost the same for different countries from the mid-18th to the mid-20th century. However,
The world may face deficits of water supplies in the decades ahead, for both potable water and water for irrigation, due to human population growth, droughts and floods due to climate change, contamination of water resources, and
Cerebral cortical development is a tightly regulated process, depending on dividing progenitor cells that ultimately produce neurons that then migrate to find their appropriate positions in the developing cortex. Certain genetic conditions as well as environmental factors
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder, and its prevalence increases significantly with age. Despite being massively under-diagnosed, the latest estimation of OSA prevalence is >1 billion globally. OSA diagnosis is based on an overnight
Experiences of other identities and Dissociative Identity Disorders in the continuum of Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions
Dissociative Identity Disorders (DIDs) – including experiences of other identities, multiple personality and possession – are an intriguing topic entailing deep historical, cultural and epistemological implications that run through the entire history of the human kind. Indeed,
Nanotechnology offers groundbreaking solutions for the management of infections in the current era when the vast majority of antibiotics has become inefficient. Overcoming antimicrobial resistance and biofilm formation constitute a major challenge. In this review, we focus
The average person spends about a third of his life sleeping, but for the busy and the ambitious that is a lot of time. Many of us would rather spend that time working on important projects or
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of rare malignancies that can arise in almost all organs, although gastroenteropancreatic site (GEP) is the most common. Symptoms are rarely specific, and clinical manifestations may be evident only in
Capturing hydrogen transfer from modeling: a small step towards simulating chemical reactions by computers
All the matter of the world around us are made of atoms that are joined to form molecules. Chemists can create new molecules by changing connectivity of atoms in molecules through chemical reactions. Researchers can control reaction
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is the difference in body size between males and females of the same species, which is common among mammals with males typically being larger. Sexual selection is thought to be the main cause
Fermented dairy products have a great nutritional value and health beneficial effect on host gut micro-biome, due to their probiotics bacteria. Syneresis is considered as a major defect in these acid-induced gels products, which is a major
Humans are daily exposed to intense light in the form of sunlight which is crucial for the circadian rhythms in our bodies to properly function. This is important as circadian rhythms regulate all physiological processes in the
Plasticity in the central nervous system allows the adaptation of neural circuits to new circumstances, such as the recovery after brain injury. The mechanisms of neural plasticity include, among others, the formation of new synapses. An example
Implantable medical devices (IMDs) are highly beneficial to patient health. Concerning rapidly evolving technologies for IMDs, sustainable and reliable powering methods for IMDs is truly essential. They are generally relying on primary batteries, which are subject to
Whether from external environmental factors or spontaneous intracellular processes, the DNA in our cells is under constant bombardment by DNA damage. Because unrepaired DNA damage can cause cell death, our cells have evolved vital mechanisms to repair
What treatment is really medically and economically desirable for chronic hepatitis C patients with treatment failure after 8-week glecaprevir/pibrentasvir in Japan?
Currently, direct-acting agent (DAA) therapies have high efficacy and safety and are the main strategy to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide. Some DAA therapies are also effective for HCV-infected patients who have experienced prior DAA failure.
High value biochemicals, including lipid, protein, polysaccharide, and carotenoid, etc. are gaining significant attention in energy development and waste resource utilization. Among a variety of high-value feedstocks, microalgae are particularly promising because of their high value biochemicals
Stress refers to the mental and emotional change of state from normal homeostasis. In another words we can say that stress happens when we are worried for something and feeling uncomfortable. Chronic unpredictable environmental stress (CUES) refers
Delivery of a baby before 37 weeks’ gestation is known as premature birth. Some babies may be born more than 12 weeks early – at 27 weeks’ gestation or even less. This is commonly termed ‘extremely preterm’.
Retinal ischemia is a condition involved in several prevalent retinal degenerative diseases such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, which cause visual impairment and blindness. Current research focuses on the development of neuroprotective strategies against ischemic retinopathies, but