What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Edible coating for enhancing the shelf life of horticulture products

AoS. Edible coating for enhancing the shelf life of horticulture products

Preserving food, especially horticulture products, is one of the most difficult farm work. The global community has highlighted this problem and set a target of halving per-capita food waste by 2030. Post-harvest losses are one of the

Optimal optoelectronic properties of MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals heterostructures

AoS. Optimal optoelectronic properties of MoS2/h-BN/WSe2 van der Waals heterostructures

With the development of next generation semiconductor photoelectric devices towards miniaturization, high performance and high integration, traditional bulk materials are facing enormous challenges. The discovery of graphene has opened the door to the research and application in

Can tremor, depression and progression of the Parkinson’s disease be suppressed simultaneously?

AoS. Can tremor, depression and progression of the Parkinson’s disease be suppressed simultaneously?

The short answer to this question is YES! Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common age-related and progressive neurodegenerative disorder following Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is associated with motor deficits such as loss of ability to

Campylobacter antimicrobial resistance in dogs and humans

Campylobacteriosis has been the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe since 2005, and the annual number of notified   campylobacteriosis   cases   has   increased in   many   European countries in recent years. The species most associated with

Turbulent flow simulation using a parallel discontinuous method

AoS. Turbulent flow simulation using a parallel discontinuous method

Turbulent flow is omnipresent in everyday life. When one flies in an aircraft or drives a car, the flow around the vehicle is mostly turbulent. Understanding turbulence has practical importance not only in improving passenger comfort and

Newly emerging drugs of abuse: A cat-and-mouse game

AoS. Newly Emerging Drugs of Abuse: A Cat-and-Mouse Game

Recreational drug abuse and the resultant overdose have been a serious public health threat in the U.S. and the world. While traditional drugs of abuse remain popular, recreational use of newer synthetic drugs has continued to increase.

The allergies go marching on: the atopic march and the temporal relationship of allergic diseases

Atopic/allergic family of diseases affects >20% of the global population and encompasses allergic asthma, hay fever, food allergy, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis. Frequently, individuals with an allergic condition develop another allergic disease. The atopic march theory

The root is an ideal system to study magnetobiology in plants

AoS. The Root Is An Idea System to Study Magnetobiology in Plants

Given that the origin and evolution of life had occurred in the presence of the geomagnetic field (GMF), it is possible that GMF information has been exploited by organisms as an important natural resource to tackle the

Short hydrogen bonds in proteins and their quantum mechanical nature

The assembly of linear polypeptide chains into functional three-dimensional protein architectures involves a unique force called hydrogen bonding. A typical hydrogen bond forms when the donor and acceptor groups approach each other with a nearly linear geometry

Modulation of intracellular dopamine signaling by aripiprazole may cause malocclusion as an extrapyramidal symptom

AoS. Modulation of intracellular dopamine signaling by aripiprazole may cause malocclusion as an extrapyramidal symptom

Aripiprazole, a dopamine partial agonist, is one of the most widely prescribed atypical antipsychotics and its use in children and adolescents has become common. However, due to its favorable side effect profile, its potential for inducing extrapyramidal

Role of dopamine in cortico-basal ganglia loop in psychosis

Dopamine plays a major role in the formation of acute psychosis, as indicated by the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia. The relationship between acute psychosis and the dopamine system provides insight into the effects of dopamine on brain

Defects in mismatch repair increase cancer risk and influence treatment selection

AoS. Defects in mismatch repair increase cancer risk and influence treatment selection

Microsatellites are formed by 1-6 nucleotide base pairs that are repeated in direct order 5-50 times. Repetitive DNA including microsatellites are mainly present in non-coding DNA regions that occupy more than 97% of the nuclear DNA. They

Is milk and meat from the offspring of a bull genome edited to have no horns safe to eat?

AoS. Is milk and meat from the offspring of a bull genome edited to have no horns safe to eat?

Horns on cattle are an animal welfare and human safety concern, but most high producing dairy breeds grow horns. Introducing the polled (hornless) trait into the dairy population by crossbreeding would also introduce non-productive traits by linkage

Postponed protonation under competitive conditions in rhodium catalyzed domino reactions

The readily available α,β-unsaturated compound (Michael acceptor) serves as one of the most important building blocks in synthetic chemistry, which is widely used in conjugate addition reaction. The characteristic of conjugate addition reaction is that it is

Deep Molecular Profiling to understand the biology of Alzheimer disease

AoS. Deep Molecular Profiling to understand the biology of Alzheimer disease

Alzheimer disease (AD) is a complex, polygenic disease with genetic, cellular, pathologic, and clinical heterogeneity. Advances in high-throughput sequencing and omics technologies have accelerated the drive toward personalized medicine. Human bio-specimens using these high-throughput platforms have emerged

Cosmology in a cell: Defect annihilation in liquid crystals

AoS. Cosmology in a cell: Defect annihilation in liquid crystals

Topological defects are configurations of the order parameter which cannot be transformed continuously into a uniform state. They have been observed in various areas of physics, such as alloys, semiconductors, particle physics and cosmology. Due to the

Ultralong room-temperature phosphorescence of a solid-state supramolecule

Glows in the dark after removing energy input, named room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), has got enormous attention because of its various application in biological imaging, light-emitting devices, information storage and encryption, and so on. However, achieving ultralong RTP

Essential fatty acids in the vegan/total vegetarian diet

AoS. Essential Fatty Acids in the Vegan/Total Vegetarian Diet

People choose vegetarian/vegan diets and for many reasons, however, these diets require careful dietary planning. The essential polyunsaturated n-6 (omega-6) and n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids are required for synthesis of inflammatory compounds, cell membranes, skin, brain and

WRGSD: improving reliability and efficiency for coastal monitoring network

Water-quality response grid-based sampling design (WRGSD) using optimization and multi-factors assessment can reliably detect a variety of the impact of human activities. The sampling design are optimized by clustering and dividing the water quality response grid to

Cs adsorption by Mn‒Fe-based Prussian blue analogs formed in agarose gel

AoS. Cs adsorption by Mn‒Fe-based Prussian blue analogs formed in agarose gel

The Fukushima nuclear accident triggered a massive release of radioactive cesium (Cs) isotopes into the environment and generated a large amount of contaminated water. Because Cs isotopes pose serious threats to the environment (particularly the aquatic environment),