Blood vessels regulate fetal brain growth

Millions of neurons are generated during fetal development from progenitor cells that reside inside the embryonic brain More »

Species are always important

This review is based on the premise that all species are important to life on earth even if the exact role or value of a species has not been formally documented More »

Virus chainmail: protective and porous metal-organic framework grown on a virus

Biomineralization describes a process of programmable accumulation, concentration, and construction of inorganic ions regulated by organisms to form both amorphous More »

Risky attraction to the familiar smell of disease

Many animals remember smells, sights, and sounds (‘cues’) they encounter as juveniles, like the smell of nearby individuals, or their environment. More »

 

Lessons from the Global Fund’s fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

At the beginning of this century, developing countries – particularly in Africa – experienced rapidly rising illness and death from AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. The three diseases caused massive suffering and economic damage. Treatment and interventions to

Transmitted sound wave mammography

This study was designed to look at a new type of totally harmless breast imaging called whole-breast transmission ultrasound to see if it could do something mammography cannot do – that is to diagnose the presence of

The eye gets stronger after seeing the world in chaos

Resembling the fact that some people are left-handed while some are right-handed, our two eyes are not functioning equally. Usually, our brain has a preference to the input signals from one of the two eyes, which is

A novel PET radiotracer for molecular imaging of the α3β4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are a family of ligand-gated ion channels that mediate fast synaptic transmission in the brain. These receptors are homo- or hetero-pentameric combinations of the α and the β subunits which each subtypes

What it takes to survive a transplant

Many patients with blood cancers, such as multiple myeloma, leukemia, or lymphoma, have radiation treatment or chemotherapy to destroy their tumor cells and diseased bone marrow. Unfortunately the treatment damages their immune system leaving them immunocompromised. To

Overproduction of membrane-integral undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase from Vibrio vulnificus

In the cytoplasm, undecaprenyl pyrophosphate (C55-PP) is synthesized by undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (UppS) through consecutive condensation reactions of eight molecules of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (Ipp) with farnesyl pyrophosphate (Fpp). The product C55-PP is then dephosphorylated to monophosphate undecaprenyl phosphate

RKIP and YY1: The ‘good’ and the ‘bad’ shields in the protection of cancer spreading and resistance to therapies

Cancer originates from all of the uncorrected mutations occurring in the DNA of the cell that lead to abnormal cell growth. Accordingly, the accumulation of these mutations transforms a normal cell into an “immortal” cancer cell with

Mind-wandering plus mindfulness: say ‘no’ to negative mood or depression

Mind wandering and its equivalent concepts such as self-generated thought, stimulus independent thought, task-unrelated thought, and spontaneous thought refer to a mental phenomenon that occupies considerable time in everyday life. The high frequency of the occurrence of

The aptamer BC007: for the treatment of “functional autoantibody diseases”. First developed for patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Autoimmunity is accepted as the origin or amplifier of various diseases. In the mid-1970s, a new class of “so-called” functional autoantibodies that bind to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR-AABs) was identified for downstream pathologies. The related “functional autoantibody diseases”

Chagas disease a neglected ills without treatment

Chagas disease (CD) is transmitted by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and was discovered in 1909 by the Brazilian medical doctor named Carlos Chagas. Until today, CD remains a serious public health problem, with more than 7 million

Trace metal contamination in the surface sediment of south east coast of India

Sediments are the most important reservoir of trace metals, thus, serve as vital indicator to intercept the mechanism of transportation and accumulation of trace metals in the coastal environment. Sediment texture, mineralogical composition and physical transformation influence

Mitochondrial gene discontinuity that translates into fragmented functional proteins

The majority of protein-coding genes in nuclear genomes are interrupted by spliceosomal introns or, less often, by inteins. These intervening sequences are spliced at the RNA or protein level, respectively, so that intact proteins become reconstituted. In

Pharma Chem Congress 2018. Dublin, Ireland. June 28-29, 2018

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 2018 extended its warm welcome the theme of: “Exploring the Recent Trends & Advances in the Field of Pharma and Chemistry”. It is a platform for Pharmaceutical and Chemistry experts and scientific professionals to explore

Bacterial melanin in dark-colored sponges: Ecological significance and biomedical applications

Sponges are second dominant to corals in terms of biomass in many coral reef ecosystems. They play a significant role in maintaining the health of reef ecosystems through processing of waste generated in the system by continuous

Antithrombotic therapy duration after coronary stenting: finding the sweet-spot with a novel clinical risk score

Coronary atherosclerosis is still the principal cause of morbidity and mortality in western countries, by inducing ischemia or infarction of the myocardium. Percutaneous treatment of atherosclerotic lesions is nowadays the most common form of treatment of such

Are moths as old as dinos?

The larvae of moths have eight pairs of legs. The moth family Geometridae is specific in that their larvae have five pairs of legs and move by looping: “looper moths”. One of geometrid subfamilies, Geometrinae, has green