What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Hibernating chipmunk’s brain senses loss of energy

AoS.Hibernating chipmunk's brain senses loss of energy

The vast majority of mammals maintain their body temperature around 40°C throughout their lifetimes; however, hibernating mammals are an exception. Hibernation is an important adaptation to survive harsh conditions, such as frigid environments or starvation. It is

Chicago data suggests light pollution disrupts animals’ biological clocks and reduces habitat value

Population growth, economic development, and urbanization mean more ecosystems are lit throughout the night. Ecologists and astronomers, among other concerned folks, have been raising the alarm that “ecological light pollution” is disrupting ecosystems’ natural cycles of light

Arming macrophages to stop cancer progression

Macrophages are a type of immune cells that fight infection and support tissue remodeling. They are best known as phagocytes which engulf bacteria and damaged cells stimulating other immune cells. In addition, macrophages assist wound healing processes

The efficacy of L-Mesitran Medical Grade Honey for wound care in rhinos was supported by a prospective case series

South Africa is home to some of the world’s most endangered wildlife, with the White rhinoceros (Cerathotherium simum) among its most threatened species due to its highly sought-after horn. The number of poached rhinos is dropping over

Lung ultrasound. A field for misconceptions… and friendships

Born from the wreckage of the Titanic, used in the marine then industry, ultrasound impacted medicine in the 50s. However, the lung has always been considered as not accessible to this simple, noninvasive, cost-cutting discipline. This assumption

Rethink before taking extra amino acid supplements

AoS. Rethink before taking extra amino acid supplements.

Diet is important to fuel growth and cellular machinery and thus, plays an important role in the survival of a living organism. One of the important components of our diet is protein, which is made of different

The use of olfactory neuronal precursors for antemortem Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosis

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a disabling and progressive illness that causes a high social cost and economic burden. Current diagnosis has been done by clinical appreciation based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) and

Poverty may affect the developing brain through chronic stress

Socioeconomic disadvantage, which is prevalent in the United States and worldwide, is consistently associated with lower academic achievement and higher risk for emotional and behavioral problems. Exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage during childhood can leave long-lasting imprints on

Paleohydrology and Harappan river-valley civilization

Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus (or Harappan) are Bronze age (3rd millennium BCE) river-valley civilizations (Fig. 1A). A general perception is that large civilizations developed near large river systems that provided water resources for sustenance. But this depiction

Eavesdropping on cell communications to treat cancer with drug resistance

An estimated 19.3 million new cancer cases and almost 10 million cancer deaths occurred worldwide in 2020. It’s estimated that one in three individuals will be diagnosed with some kind of cancer in their lifetime. When cancer

Vaccine design in the OMICs Era

A retrospection into the field of vaccinology reveals the triumph of medical science over infectious diseases that were once a death sentence. Research on vaccines has come a long way since 1796 when Edward Jenner used a

The algal organic matter: A novel carbon source to enhance the nitrogen removal in situ of aerobic denitrifiers

In recent years, nitrogen pollution, especially nitrate is an important problem faced by lots of reservoirs. Excessive nitrogen levels can cause water eutrophication, resulting in deterioration of water quality by increasing turbidity, affecting taste and odor, and

The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

AoS.The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

Inflammation is an important and extremely complex biological process involving a high number of mediators responsible for the activation of multiple cascades, providing a wide range of possible targets for the pharmacological treatment of inflammatory-related diseases. It

Multicomponent reactions and palladium catalysis

AoS. Multicomponent Reactions and Palladium Catalysis

Multicomponent reactions (MCR) are reactions in which three or more substrates react together to form a product. These types of reactions are highly recommendable because MCR’s are atom economic, ideal and eco-friendly reactions. Transition metals are widely

Nutritional strategies in managing postmeal glucose for Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

The postmeal hyperglycemia is a common feature of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) with the majority of the patients have not achieved the postmeal target of less than 7.8 mmol/L at 2h. While the role of Medical Nutrition

Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

AoS. Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

The use of laboratory animals helped us to better understand a myriad of biological processes in health and disease and enabled the development of therapies that effectively cure, or ameliorate life conditions of, millions of people every

Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

AoS.Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

The internet of things opened new possibilities relative to the integration of wearable electronics in textile-based devices, allowing the development of new technologies in energy storage and energy harvesting area, sensors, actuators and the following step of

Supportive relationships in children and adolescents facing political violence and mass disasters

AoS. Supportive Relationships in Children and Adolescents Facing Political Violence and Mass Disasters

In the context of mass trauma events such as political violence and natural disasters, children and adolescents are inherently more vulnerable to maladjustment and psychopathology than adults. Despite this, many adolescents tend to survive, even thrive, suggesting

Biopolymers with shape memory

AoS. Biopolymers with shape memory

The polylactic acid (PLA) family of polymers are made from plant-based oils and so are carbon-neutral; any carbon that they contribute to the environment has been extracted from the atmosphere by the growing plant. They can be

Protein disorder in algal metabolism

AoS. Protein disorder in algal metabolism

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) or proteins with intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are peculiar proteins that escape from the classic structure-function paradigm. The principal feature of these IDPs/IDRs containing proteins is the absence of a unique stable conformation