What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Vaccine design in the OMICs Era

A retrospection into the field of vaccinology reveals the triumph of medical science over infectious diseases that were once a death sentence. Research on vaccines has come a long way since 1796 when Edward Jenner used a

The algal organic matter: A novel carbon source to enhance the nitrogen removal in situ of aerobic denitrifiers

In recent years, nitrogen pollution, especially nitrate is an important problem faced by lots of reservoirs. Excessive nitrogen levels can cause water eutrophication, resulting in deterioration of water quality by increasing turbidity, affecting taste and odor, and

The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

AoS.The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

Inflammation is an important and extremely complex biological process involving a high number of mediators responsible for the activation of multiple cascades, providing a wide range of possible targets for the pharmacological treatment of inflammatory-related diseases. It

Multicomponent reactions and palladium catalysis

AoS. Multicomponent Reactions and Palladium Catalysis

Multicomponent reactions (MCR) are reactions in which three or more substrates react together to form a product. These types of reactions are highly recommendable because MCR’s are atom economic, ideal and eco-friendly reactions. Transition metals are widely

Nutritional strategies in managing postmeal glucose for Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

The postmeal hyperglycemia is a common feature of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) with the majority of the patients have not achieved the postmeal target of less than 7.8 mmol/L at 2h. While the role of Medical Nutrition

Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

AoS. Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

The use of laboratory animals helped us to better understand a myriad of biological processes in health and disease and enabled the development of therapies that effectively cure, or ameliorate life conditions of, millions of people every

Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

AoS.Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

The internet of things opened new possibilities relative to the integration of wearable electronics in textile-based devices, allowing the development of new technologies in energy storage and energy harvesting area, sensors, actuators and the following step of

Supportive relationships in children and adolescents facing political violence and mass disasters

AoS. Supportive Relationships in Children and Adolescents Facing Political Violence and Mass Disasters

In the context of mass trauma events such as political violence and natural disasters, children and adolescents are inherently more vulnerable to maladjustment and psychopathology than adults. Despite this, many adolescents tend to survive, even thrive, suggesting

Biopolymers with shape memory

AoS. Biopolymers with shape memory

The polylactic acid (PLA) family of polymers are made from plant-based oils and so are carbon-neutral; any carbon that they contribute to the environment has been extracted from the atmosphere by the growing plant. They can be

Protein disorder in algal metabolism

AoS. Protein disorder in algal metabolism

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) or proteins with intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are peculiar proteins that escape from the classic structure-function paradigm. The principal feature of these IDPs/IDRs containing proteins is the absence of a unique stable conformation

Beneficial dust like a wall protecting a castle: the role of orchid seed coat in restricting the invasion of fungal hyphae

AoS. Beneficial dust like a wall protecting a castle

Plants are often thought of as producing their nutrients through photosynthesis, but many plants associate with other organisms (microorganisms) to exchange nutrients for survival. In particular, orchids, which have threatened many species with extinction due to habitat

Some homemade simple tools and their use in handling of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster

AoS. Some homemade simple tools

Drosophila melanogaster is a model organism widely used in biological research and biology education. Transferring adult flies is a common but difficult practice as flies fly. A set of homemade tools can be used to tackle this

Mortality attributable to influenza, evidence and considerations after the Covid-19 pandemic

AoS.Mortality attributable to influenza, evidence and considerations after the Covid-19 pandemic

In the last recent years, before the Covid-19 pandemic, influenza-attributable mortality has been impressive, in particular among elderly aged 65 years. A wide variability between different countries, seasons, and years was observed. In Italy, during the four

DARC – A light at the end of the tunnel

Atlas of Science. DARC - A light at the end of the tunnel

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness, affecting more than 70 million people worldwide. Visual loss is attributed to death of nerve cells, called retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), in the back of the eye. There is

Do pufferfish selectively accumulate toxins?

Marine pufferfish of the genus Takifugu, including Takifugu pardalis, contain the potent neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (TTX). TTX is distributed not only in pufferfish, but also in various other organisms, many of which are toxified exogenously by the food

Cultural competency/safety in healthcare

AoS.Cultural competency

There is current interest in cultural safety and cultural competence in tertiary institutions the world over. We need to learn it, teach it, and practice it. While this is true across the sector, my paper just focuses

Predictive sensing: the role of motor signals in sensory processing

The brain receives sensory information and uses it to build a representation of our environment and guide our behaviors. However, these voluntary actions in turn also lead to stimulation of our sensory systems. Accordingly, our sensory systems

Do bike lanes make cycling safer? Researchers don’t know

For years, researchers have been identifying “hotspots” for crashes – street segments or zones where a high proportion of crashes occur. Often features of the built environment – features such as population density, the number of intersections,

Macrophage-myofibroblast transition: a novel target for stopping kidney disease

AoS.Macrophage-myofibroblast transition

Kidney is one of the major organs in our body for detoxification. Its failure is an important cause of patient mortality that serves as a primary disease and a lethal complication in a range of diseases such

Perspectives for anti-tuberculosis therapy with additional drug activities to counteract drug resistance

AoS. Perspectives for Antituberculosis Therapy with Additional Drug Activities to Counteract Drug Resistance

Generally, antibiotic therapies use single antibiotics to combat sensitive bacteria. The standard of antituberculosis therapy includes four antibacterial agents that all have different modes of activities in the initial phase of a tuberculosis infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis.