Monthly Archives: September 2015

Protein import into the mitochondrial and hydrogenosomal matrix

Cells, the basic unit of life, can be divided into two major classes: the prokaryotes (cells that have their genetic information freely floating with them) and eukaryotes (cells with internal compartments, one of which holds the genetic

Electricity generation from microbial fuel cells

In an important step towards the development of “wastewater power plant” and “bacterial batteries”, a new study published in the journal of “Bioresource Technology” developed a facile strategy to improve the power output of microbial fuel cells

Multistep food plant processing at Grotta Paglicci

Paglicci grinding stone

Today the most common staple foods for human consumption consist of plant parts that contain significant amounts of energy-rich compounds, which are accumulated in the plants as energy resource. These compounds, produced by green plants through photosynthesis,

King Coal and the queen of subsidies

The window of opportunity for a global fossil fuel phase out is closing faster than expected: We experience a global renaissance of king coal. In particular poor but fast-growing developing countries are currently investing heavily in the

Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Improved Oral Bioavailability of Valsartan

The purpose of this study was to develop proliposomes and self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) for a poorly bioavailable drug, valsartan, and to compare their in vivo pharmacokinetics. Valsartan is used to treat high blood pressure, congestive heart failure,

Summary of: Screening for viral hepatitis prior to rituximab chemotherapy

There are an estimated 800,000-1.4 million people with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in the US. Patients with a low immune systems, such as cancer patients, are at an increased risk of reactivation of HBV if they have

Locoregional treatment versus no treatment of the primary tumour in metastatic breast cancer

Stage IV breast cancer is the state in which the cancer has spread to distant sites , for example , the brain, liver, lung, bones. Treatment for stages I to III of breast cancer include surgery, chemotherapy

Viscosity scaling in concentrated dispersions

What do water, motor oil, honey and mercury have in common? They are all liquids, and can thus all flow to take the shape of their container. It is however clear that these liquids are very different

Red blood cell survival in very low birth weight neonates

In normal, healthy adults red blood cells (RBCs) are produced in the bone marrow and survive in the circulation for about 4 months. After this time they cease functioning normally and are removed by as yet poorly

Arsenic and other elements in drinking water

Arsenic (As) is a toxic element, known as class (I) human carcinogen and widely distributed in the environment in trace amount. The occurrence of naturally As contamination in groundwater has been reported globally, particularly in Southeast Asia.

The influence of attachment on pain and depression in two different pain groups

Attachment style which can be categorized into secure and insecure can be associated with the development and perception of pain. A secure attachment style is related to people that are able to build a support system by

The structure of the middle ear in the small Indian mongoose

The small Indian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) is native to the Middle East, Iran and much of southern Asia. The aim of the present study is a brief discussion of the various anatomic particularities of the middle ear

Can a just society ration healthcare?

The gross domestic product (GDP) of a country represents the dollar value of all goods and services produced by that country over a period of time, usually a year. One can think of the GDP as the

Reactivation of neutralized HIV-1 by dendritic cells

HIV-1 can be bound by neutralizing antibodies that target the envelope glycoprotein (Env) and thereby block viral entry into HIV-1 susceptible cells. HIV-1 specific antibodies are formed within the first two weeks in patients, but usually these

The new photoelectrochemical aptamer biosensor

The photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing is a new and promising analytical technique to detect biomolecules with high sensitivity. As core unit of PEC biosensor, photoelectrode materials play an irreplaceable role for its detecting performance. Among them, titanium dioxide

Pulmonary hypertension and the right diagnosis

Systemic sclerosis, also called scleroderma, is an autoimmune disease which involves skin and internal organs. Autoimmune means that the immunological system goes crazy and decides to kill the healthy cells as if they were virus or bacteria.

The use of type and crossmatch blood ordering

Particularly in patients undergoing major surgery, blood transfusions can be a life-saving maneuver. Prior to receiving any blood transfusion, however, the recipient’s blood type (and other factors) must be checked to ensure that it is compatible with

The risk of death from high-risk prostate cancer in men undergoing EBRT and brachytherapy

According to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, treatment with long-course (28–36 months) androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), in addition to brachytherapy (where radioactive seeds are implanted inside the prostate to kill cancer cells) and external beam radiation

Application of the humpback whale fibroblast cell lines in chemical risk assessment

Antarctica is the coldest, the driest, the windiest and the remotest continent. Almost no people inhabitant these pristine area. We would also expect it is the cleanest. However, our studies revealed the presence of organochlorine pesticides like

The neural architecture of trauma

The Lancet Psychiatry-sep2014

Mental illness can be a frightening and debilitating experience. Efforts to understand mental illness more accurately and develop more effective treatments are urgently needed. It is the case that many people who experience mental illness report episodes