Monthly Archives: May 2016

Unravel the key genes potentially related to high strength of cotton fiber by comparative phenotypic and genomic analyses

The demand of high strength of cotton fibers has been increased dramatically with the advent of modern high speed spinning technology for producing yarn. Cotton fiber is a gigantic single cell which consists of almost pure cellulose.

Effectiveness of an Internet intervention to decrease young adults’ risk for skin cancer

Every year, almost five million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer. Though many think of cancer as being an issue for older people, melanoma is the second most diagnosed cancer in adults aged 20-39. This is in

Does cutaneous sebum affect the skin uptake of chemicals?

The human skin is covered by a mixture of lipids called sebum. Some components of human sebum are involved in the formation of the epidermal skin barrier inhibiting the uptake of exogenous substances. For experimental dermal penetration

Voice modulation: A window into the origins of human vocal control?

Men and women with low pitched and resonant voices are stereotypically judged as dominant, physically large, and masculine. Our voice pitch even affects how competent and trustworthy we seem. These stereotypes appear intricately linked to the fact

Colour coding and redesign improves safety during anaesthesia

Error in the administration of drugs to patients is a well-known source of harm during healthcare. This is of particular concern during anaesthesia because many powerful drugs are used. We applied good design principles to the anaesthetist’s

Positron Emission Tomography can visualize pancreatic cancer tumor changes during chemotherapy and predict longer survival

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly cancer types. Only 20% of patients live beyond 1 year after diagnosis because of the aggressive nature of this disease and ineffective treatments. Therefore it is crucial to recognize

A mutation breathes air into tyrosinase activity

Our skin turns brown when exposed to the sun, and our hair is black, brown, red or blond when we are young. All of these colours and browning processes are due to a polymer, melanin, the synthesis

Sick arteries give their small cousins a beating: new insight into vascular pathology in Alzheimer’s disease

That the brain’s blood vessels, a.k.a. cerebrovasculature, play an important role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related brain disorders is not entirely new. In fact, it was Alois Alzheimer and some of his contemporaries who observed gross

Lessons learned from the study of non-cancerous meningioma tumors

Meningiomas are the most common among tumors inside the skull (35.6%). The cellular origin of these tumors is the membrane that surrounds the brain, the meninges (Fig. 1) Most meningiomas are grades I & II according to

Are disinfection processes an effective barrier in controlling the spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment?

According to the report on global surveillance of antimicrobial resistance published in 2014 by the World Health Organization (WHO), the world is heading towards a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries may once again

When you and me become two sides of one coin

Since about mid-1700 western ideology increasingly emphasizes individualism and the distinction between a person and his or her social environment. But the separation between oneself and others has been shown to vary between individuals and even from

Not in my neighborhood- herpes simplex virus control of microbiome locality

The players vary, but who is really controlling occupancy of the host mucosal surfaces? The host may no longer be the sole ruling factor controlling the receptor sites for attachment of microbes, and thus membership in the

Recognizing human faces: a highly individual skill

One of the most taxing and complex processes that our brains must perform is to recognize the faces of those around us. This process is critical for social interaction since we learn about age, gender, identity, mood

Plosive consonants in L2 English: a problematic area for CG speakers?

Second language (L2) users often experience a great degree of difficulty in identifying non-native phonological segments that do not form phonological distinctions in the first language (L1). These difficulties are typically related to factors relevant to Universal

Truncated INH-NAD adduct, an active intermediate in the action of Isoniazid (INH) against InhA enzyme in tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) remains as an important infectious disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) which is responsible for around 1.5 million deaths and 9.6 million new cases annually. Isoniazid (INH), a bactericidal compound used as a first-line drug

Biophysical characterization of monofilm model systems composed of selected tear film phospholipids

While our eyes are open they are constantly exposed to bacterial infections, injury, and dehydration. To provide the necessary protection against these hazards the outer surface of our eyes is covered by a thin layer known as

GlyT2 inhibitors: Getting the balance right

In the central nervous system, signals are sent through brain pathways using neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers of our brain. The strength and duration of these messages are governed by the concentration of neurotransmitters in the synapses between

Effect of Femoral offset in THA ?

The Femoral Offset (FO) is defined as the perpendicular distance between the femoral head’s center of rotation and the long axis of the femur, which is estimated using an anteroposterior (AP) radiograph of the pelvis as shown

Acute exercise causes changes in cognition

Catecholamines (dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine) play important roles in the brain and in the body. In the brain dopamine and norepinephrine, also known as noradrenaline, act as neurotransmitters. In the body, norepinephrine and epinephrine, also known as

Can an eye exam predict the risk of stroke?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for nearly 200,000 deaths in the UK per year, with coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure accounting for most of these deaths. General practitioners need an accurate and reliable tool to help