Monthly Archives: March 2020

How processing types change the elemental composition of rice?

According to FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, world’s rice production reached 501.2 million tonnes in 2016-17 season, which is related to rice being a staple for 7 billion people. Asia is the

Grisel’s syndrome linked to mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

Grisel’s syndrome is a no traumatic atlanto axial subluxation often linked to inflammatory conditions of the head and neck region. The subluxation involves the connection between the first and the second cervical vertebrae   and is recognized to

Inside out: treating infants with gastroschisis

For many parents the first images of their baby on the ultrasound is a joyful time. How many fingers? How many toes? Is it a boy or a girl? For some families however, they are told that

Risk due to explosion of the tank with LPG

Accident events that lead to tank explosion include Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE), Mechanical Explosion (ME), Confined Explosion (CE) and Runaway Reaction (RR). Accidents that are accompanied by the explosion of the tank are distinguished by

HIV-1 alters mitochondria in neurons and contributes to HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders

HIV-1 alters mitochondria in neurons and contributes. AoS

Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV) enters the brain during the initial stages of infection and can cause neurologic dysfunction. Despite the success of HIV treatment through combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), impaired neurocognitive function remains an important problem

Access to modified peptides with heterocycle backbones using combinatorial chemistry

Applications of peptides in medicinal chemistry have several inherent limitations which can be resolved by use of peptide-like molecules. The cleavage of amide bond by proteases, low permeability, rapid metabolic processing, excretion and unwanted side effects are

Granular aluminum oxide thin films for quantum technologies: electric transport and noise properties

Layout of a typical sample measured. AoS

Quantum computation is one of the most attracting research fields, due to the possibility of implementing computational machines much more performant than classical computers. In the last yeas, great progresses have been achieved both from a theoretical

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: Synthesis of evidence

Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: Synthesis of evidence. AoS

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the leading causes of death globally and most deaths (80%) occur in low- and middle-income countries like Bangladesh. A significant increase in the prevalence (the number of people with CVD, divided by

Ganglioneuromatosis of the canine gallbladder

Ganglioneuromatosis of the Canine Gallbladder. AoS

Ganglioneuromatosis (GN) is a rare, poorly demarcated, multinodular to diffuse, exuberant hyperplastic proliferation of ganglion cells and nerves of the autonomic nervous system. Human GN may occur anywhere in the alimentary tract from the oral cavity to

6 Reasons small businesses should outsource services

Reasons small businesses. AoS

According to a recent Clutch survey, more than one-third of small businesses in the United States outsource at least one business process. More and more companies are using freelancers, consultants, and third-party services rather than hiring full-time

Green synthesized Ag/AgCl nanoparticles using Malva Sylvestris aqueous leaf extracts

Biosyntheis and characterization of nanoparticles. AoS

Nanoparticles are molecular or atomic aggregations with a size range of 1-100 nm. Their physical and chemical properties are different from bulk materials with the same formula. They can be produced by chemical, physical and green methods;

Charme, the missing link in myogenesis

The central dogma of molecular biology stated that genes encode for proteins and that DNA, which makes up our genomes, mainly produces RNAs which are translated into proteins. However, the completion of the human genome sequence together

Can hidden Ectomyelois ceratonia infestation be detected non-destructively? NIR spectroscopy has a good answer for pomegranates

In recent decades, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been accepted as a powerful non-destructive testing (NDT) technology for quality assessment of most materials in most industries such as chemistry, medicine, agrofood, etc. This optical technology is rapid, safe,

Therapy of osteoporosis by the transdermal formulation based on raloxifene nanoparticles in ovariectomized rat

Osteoporosis results from insufficient post-menopausal estrogen levels and collapse of the balance between osteoclasts and osteoblasts, and the osteoporosis is a common systemic skeletal condition that is related to low bone mineral density and pathological fractures. The

Early detection of “insulin balls” using ultrasonography

Early detection of “insulin balls” using ultrasonography. AoS

Diabetes patients often suffer from subcutaneous induration at insulin injection sites during insulin therapy. Among the different types of subcutaneous complications of insulin injection, lipohypertrophy and insulin-derived amyloidosis (IDA) are defined as tumor-like enlargements of adipose tissue

Novel drug treatment for human infection with H7N9- avian influenza A

Distribution of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) virus infection in China. AoS

The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza is an enzootic and airborne virus which caused an influenza outbreak in China. Infected individuals mostly worked with poultry, suggesting H7N9 virus-infected poultry as the primary source of human infection. Significantly

Cannabinoid receptors and incidental associations: a way to creativity?

Animals and humans adapt to changes in the environment through previous experiences. In our daily life, while we are engaged in a particular activity or social event, we are continuously surrounded by random associations between low salience

Prison break – How fungi escape from a hostile environment inside immune cells

Prison break – How fungi escape from a hostile environment inside immune cells. AoS

Candida albicans is a commensal yeast of humans and colonizes ≈70% of the human population. It is common for C. albicans to cause self-limiting infections, but severe infections can be life-threatening. Invasive candidiasis occurs in patients with a

Painkillers to treat schizophrenia or dementia?

Painkillers to treat schizophrenia or dementia? AoS

Schizophrenia affects about 1 % of general population and may significantly reduce life expectancy. Drug nonadherence remains a crucial problem in the pharmacotherapy of this disorder. Animal and clinical studies results suggest that abnormal kynurenic acid (KYNA)

Exercise echo: a diastolic and systolic function evaluation test for patients with dyspnea

Exercise echocardiography may be of interest for the assessment of patients with dyspnea. Dyspnea on effort may be an angina-like symptom, and in this case ischemia should be ruled out, or reflect diastolic dysfunction, and in this