Category Archives: Research

The efficacy of L-Mesitran Medical Grade Honey for wound care in rhinos was supported by a prospective case series

South Africa is home to some of the world’s most endangered wildlife, with the White rhinoceros (Cerathotherium simum) among its most threatened species due to its highly sought-after horn. The number of poached rhinos is dropping over

Lung ultrasound. A field for misconceptions… and friendships

Born from the wreckage of the Titanic, used in the marine then industry, ultrasound impacted medicine in the 50s. However, the lung has always been considered as not accessible to this simple, noninvasive, cost-cutting discipline. This assumption

Rethink before taking extra amino acid supplements

AoS. Rethink before taking extra amino acid supplements.

Diet is important to fuel growth and cellular machinery and thus, plays an important role in the survival of a living organism. One of the important components of our diet is protein, which is made of different

The use of olfactory neuronal precursors for antemortem Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosis

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a disabling and progressive illness that causes a high social cost and economic burden. Current diagnosis has been done by clinical appreciation based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5) and

Poverty may affect the developing brain through chronic stress

Socioeconomic disadvantage, which is prevalent in the United States and worldwide, is consistently associated with lower academic achievement and higher risk for emotional and behavioral problems. Exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage during childhood can leave long-lasting imprints on

Paleohydrology and Harappan river-valley civilization

Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus (or Harappan) are Bronze age (3rd millennium BCE) river-valley civilizations (Fig. 1A). A general perception is that large civilizations developed near large river systems that provided water resources for sustenance. But this depiction

Eavesdropping on cell communications to treat cancer with drug resistance

An estimated 19.3 million new cancer cases and almost 10 million cancer deaths occurred worldwide in 2020. It’s estimated that one in three individuals will be diagnosed with some kind of cancer in their lifetime. When cancer

Vaccine design in the OMICs Era

A retrospection into the field of vaccinology reveals the triumph of medical science over infectious diseases that were once a death sentence. Research on vaccines has come a long way since 1796 when Edward Jenner used a

The algal organic matter: A novel carbon source to enhance the nitrogen removal in situ of aerobic denitrifiers

In recent years, nitrogen pollution, especially nitrate is an important problem faced by lots of reservoirs. Excessive nitrogen levels can cause water eutrophication, resulting in deterioration of water quality by increasing turbidity, affecting taste and odor, and

The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

AoS.The complementary anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives

Inflammation is an important and extremely complex biological process involving a high number of mediators responsible for the activation of multiple cascades, providing a wide range of possible targets for the pharmacological treatment of inflammatory-related diseases. It

Multicomponent reactions and palladium catalysis

AoS. Multicomponent Reactions and Palladium Catalysis

Multicomponent reactions (MCR) are reactions in which three or more substrates react together to form a product. These types of reactions are highly recommendable because MCR’s are atom economic, ideal and eco-friendly reactions. Transition metals are widely

Nutritional strategies in managing postmeal glucose for Type 2 Diabetes mellitus

The postmeal hyperglycemia is a common feature of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) with the majority of the patients have not achieved the postmeal target of less than 7.8 mmol/L at 2h. While the role of Medical Nutrition

Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

AoS. Intracranial injections and animal models: towards understanding and treating human disease

The use of laboratory animals helped us to better understand a myriad of biological processes in health and disease and enabled the development of therapies that effectively cure, or ameliorate life conditions of, millions of people every

Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

AoS.Flexible solid-state random lasers emitting radiation in the UV region

The internet of things opened new possibilities relative to the integration of wearable electronics in textile-based devices, allowing the development of new technologies in energy storage and energy harvesting area, sensors, actuators and the following step of

Supportive relationships in children and adolescents facing political violence and mass disasters

AoS. Supportive Relationships in Children and Adolescents Facing Political Violence and Mass Disasters

In the context of mass trauma events such as political violence and natural disasters, children and adolescents are inherently more vulnerable to maladjustment and psychopathology than adults. Despite this, many adolescents tend to survive, even thrive, suggesting

Biopolymers with shape memory

AoS. Biopolymers with shape memory

The polylactic acid (PLA) family of polymers are made from plant-based oils and so are carbon-neutral; any carbon that they contribute to the environment has been extracted from the atmosphere by the growing plant. They can be

Protein disorder in algal metabolism

AoS. Protein disorder in algal metabolism

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) or proteins with intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are peculiar proteins that escape from the classic structure-function paradigm. The principal feature of these IDPs/IDRs containing proteins is the absence of a unique stable conformation

Beneficial dust like a wall protecting a castle: the role of orchid seed coat in restricting the invasion of fungal hyphae

AoS. Beneficial dust like a wall protecting a castle

Plants are often thought of as producing their nutrients through photosynthesis, but many plants associate with other organisms (microorganisms) to exchange nutrients for survival. In particular, orchids, which have threatened many species with extinction due to habitat

Some homemade simple tools and their use in handling of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster

AoS. Some homemade simple tools

Drosophila melanogaster is a model organism widely used in biological research and biology education. Transferring adult flies is a common but difficult practice as flies fly. A set of homemade tools can be used to tackle this

Mortality attributable to influenza, evidence and considerations after the Covid-19 pandemic

AoS.Mortality attributable to influenza, evidence and considerations after the Covid-19 pandemic

In the last recent years, before the Covid-19 pandemic, influenza-attributable mortality has been impressive, in particular among elderly aged 65 years. A wide variability between different countries, seasons, and years was observed. In Italy, during the four