Category Archives: Research

Health care utilization for chronic musculoskeletal pain risk: Lessons from the CRASH study

Each year, over four million people go to U.S. Emergency Departments (ED) after a motor vehicle crash (MVC). Although the vast majority of patients are sent home without any serious injuries, many will experience aches and pains

Thyroid hormone ratio and clinical outcome: results from the Toreador Study

Overall survival of metastatic colon rectal cancer patients. AoS

From a physiopathological point of view patients with advanced solid cancer and neoplastic cachexia might be associated, in some way, with frail older patients, a well-known and extensively described multi-factorial clinical condition, characterized by increased catabolism and

Climatic connectivity may drive bird migration strategies

To maximize fitness, migratory organisms must choose the best place and time to perform their fundamental activities in the face of unpredictable variation in ecological conditions. Because natural selection strongly penalizes the individuals that fail to synchronize

An integrated genomics approach for identifying breast cancer patients with highly aggressive tumors

An integrated genomics approach for identifying breast cancer patients. AoS

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women with over 2 million new cases worldwide in 2018. Three kinds of receptors are usually found on the surface of breast cancer cells: a receptor for female hormone

Can nanographene cross placental barrier?

Graphene is an upcoming revolutionized 2D material that has sketched its importance across a wide spectra of interdisciplinary arenas due to its distinguishing properties. Being a sp2 hybridized allotrope of carbon with a honeycomb lattice structure; it

What’s the point? Cognitive advantage

Neuroscientists have long wondered why some behaviours are mostly controlled by one side of the brain. This phenomenon is called brain lateralization. For centuries we have known that damage to the left but not the right side

The healthy neighborhoods healthy families initiative: A zip code should not determine a child’s health

Published in the journal Pediatrics, researchers from Nationwide Children’s Hospital presented a case study for treating a neighborhood as a patient. Neighborhood effect syndrome, characterized by symptoms of extreme poverty including housing insecurity, racial segregation, trauma, violence,

The difference of an amide to ester in polymers does the magic

The difference of an amide to ester in polymers does the magic. AoS

Antibiotics kill bacteria by a specific targeting mechanism, and thereby, bacteria quickly develop resistance to antibiotics. The bacterial cell membrane is pivotal to its survival and is considered its Achille’s heel. Killing bacteria by attacking their cell

Why are processed vegetable foodstuffs not as green as raw? Following the fate of chlorophylls

In addition to play an important role in photosynthesis and plant physiology, chlorophylls fulfil certain biological activities. Chlorophylls and their derivatives have been shown to exert antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activity. In the human diet, these compounds are

Wicherhamomyces anomalus biofilm supported on wood husk for chromium wastewater treatment

Toxic heavy metals are harmful pollutants increasingly discharged in the environment by natural and anthropogenic means. Due to its widespread use in industrial processes, chromium presents a significant impact on the surface waters and ecosystem services. Because

Heart medication and metabolism: What physicians should reflect on to keep them in harmony

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally and have been for a long time. This spotlight has ensured that doctors treating patients with heart problems have a wide variety of medications to work with. Most

Chronic Care Model and multi-morbidity patients. Insights from patients’ perception

Chronic Care Model. AoS

More and more countries have been implementing chronic care programs, such as the Chronic Care Model (CCM) to manage non-acute conditions of diseases in a more effective and less expensive way. Among the CCM components there are

Development of a better and cheaper approach for fabrication of epidermal sheets used for wound healing

About 1% of the world population are affected by pressure and diabetic foot ulcers and around 11 million people are injured by thermal burns each year. Cell therapy is a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of

High phenolic content in extra virgin olive oil influences the release (time-intensity) of aroma compounds in mouth

The popularity of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is linked both to its pleasant sensory notes and health properties. The sensory notes of EVOO are attributed to the presence of aroma compounds while bitterness and pungency are

A mass spectrometry view of the interaction of Alzheimer’s disease proteins with an anti-aggregation compound

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that has been studied extensively over the last four decades. Millions of people worldwide are affected by this disease, and because our population is growing older, this disease is becoming alarmingly

What do patients and healthcare professionals “tweet” about brachytherapy?

Word Cloud of Patient Tweets about Brachytherapy. Atlas of Science

Many patients post on Twitter about their healthcare experiences. Patients with cancer are especially active on Twitter, and studies have found that sharing experiences online can reduce feelings of isolation. Healthcare professionals also frequently post on Twitter.

Unboxing the role of TBX1 in palatal development: a gene profiling study

Cleft palate (CP) is a disease where there is an opening or split in the palate (the roof of the mouth). CP has been reported in 1 to 2 of every 1000 births worldwide and is the

When the obsession with healthy food becomes a problem

When the obsession with healthy food becomes a problem. AoS

Healthy eating is promoted in today’s society as a positive and powerful behaviour to prevent all kinds of diseases. Therefore, making dietary restrictions and following certain food beliefs (vegetarianism, veganism, paleo diet, etc.) are behaviours considered normal

Preparation of various nucleosomes for biochemical and structural analyses

Preparation of various nucleosomes for biochemical. AoS

Genomic DNA, which encodes genetic information, is three-dimensionally organized in the cell as chromatin. Its basic unit is the nucleosome, a disc-like structure containing two copies each of histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4, with DNA wound around

Role of ultrasonography in the evaluation of traumatic injury to peripheral nerves

Traumatic injury of peripheral nerve accounts for about 3-5% of limb trauma, but if not diagnosed it can be associated with negative outcomes, especially in major trauma, with economic and social damage when working-age subjects are involved.