Category Archives: Research

Small waterbodies as indicators of elemental pollution in urban sediments

The impact of urbanization and industrialization on sediment quality of large rivers and lakes have been widely studied globally, however, small waterbodies, such as ponds and canals, are rarely studied collectively. Ponds and canals that form a

Fast and simple glyphosate detection using a functionalized surface

Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide worldwide. It is used since the 1970s to dispose of weeds to increase yield. Since some years its use is under great debate because of its potentially cancerogenic effect and

Fast artificial intelligence for detecting the invisible

AoS. Fast Artificial Intelligence for Detecting the Invisible

Artificial Intelligence (AI) relies on synthetic neural networks, inspired by functional properties of living intelligent systems (brains) and learns autonomously on the basis of unsupervised learning procedures. Such learning permits, among other things, the analysis of changes

Social-economic factors predict state differences in opioid overdose rates

Media accounts of the opioid overdose epidemic emphasize the role of prescription drugs and, to a lesser extent, declining economic and social conditions. In support of the journalists’ accounts, opioid prescriptions, as measured in grams of morphine

T-cell subsets in HIV infection

AoS. T-Cell Subsets in HIV Infection

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that assaults the body’s immunologic system. If HIV is not tackled, it can eventually drive the organism to AIDS, which a dreadful condition known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In

Tracking mRNA in living cells using Pepper RNA aptamer

Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are a class of biomolecules that are generated in the nucleus to carry genetic information from the nucleus to different parts of the cells for making functional proteins. Because of their importance, mRNAs’ trafficking

If you are cold, what two cold-sensitive ion channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 do?

AoS. If you are cold, what two cold-sensitive ion channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 do

Human and animals are capable of perceiving temperature stimuli due to the presence in the body of specialized sensory neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. The sense of ambient and internal temperature is necessary to

Clinically utilized nalfurafine combined with naltrexone prevents excessive alcohol drinking and “relapse”

AoS. Clinically utilized nalfurafine combined with naltrexone prevents excessive alcohol drinking

Alcohol addiction poses massive public health costs [~15 million adult alcoholics with economic cost > $200 billion/year in the US]. Pharmacological studies in rodents have demonstrated that kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) agonists decrease alcohol drinking and reward. However,

Can [60]fullerene maintain good health and prolong lifespan?

AoS. Can [60]fullerene maintain good health and prolong lifespan?

Fatalists aside, who doesn’t want to live longer and in good health? But, obviously, to live longer it would be nonsense to put our health at risk. Yet, since we published a paper in 2012 on prolonging

Ti3C2-MXene based fluorescent biosensor for rapid detection of lung cancer biomarker

AoS. Ti3C2-MXene based fluorescent biosensor for rapid detection of lung cancer biomarker

Over the last decade, zero-dimensional (0D) and two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials such as nanostructured metals, and graphene derivatives delivered an extraordinary impact as fluorescence quenchers or energy acceptors in developing fluorescent biosensors. However, these OD/2D materials have a

Chronic cough cured by proxy

AoS. Chronic Cough Cured by Proxy

Chronic cough causes a severe burden on an individual’s quality of life. Habit cough is a chronic functional cough, meaning it has no physical basis. Habit cough is identified as an involuntary daily repetitive dry cough that

Gas types affect stability of microbubbles and ultrasound mediated brain-targeted drug delivery

AoS. Gas types affect stability of microbubbles and ultrasound mediated brain-targeted drug delivery

Ultrasound (US) is used for clinical diagnosis and therapy. Microbubbles (MBs) as US-contrast agents are applied to detect micro blood flow or specific lesions. Recently, the combination of MBs and US has received much attention for drug

Feedback between organisms and the environment shape biodiversity

AoS. Feedback between organisms and the environment shape biodiversity

How does the environment shape biodiversity? This is a central question for both the scientific understanding of ecosystems and for practical initiatives in sustainability. Previous work has shown that a heterogeneous environment promotes diversity. For example, variation

Maternal intake of resveratrol can help piglets resist early weaning stress

AoS.Maternal intake of resveratrol can help piglets resist early weaning stress

Under commercial conditions, early weaning in pigs involves abrupt separation from sows, resulting in a sudden move to a new environment at a much younger age than would occur in natural conditions. Weaning is a critical period

Bacillus coagulans Unique IS-2 helps ease symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the digestive system. It is a mixture of abdominal pain and altered bowel frequency either constipation, diarrhoea or both (mixed). There is also an alteration in stool

The epibiome of endangered corals reflects their genotype

AoS. The epibiome of endangered corals reflects their genotype

If you have vaguely followed the recent news on climate change, you have probably heard about the worldwide decline of coral reefs. Coral reefs are the backbone of important ecosystems across the globe, as they host ~1/4

RNA signature in brain lesions of damage or repair in Multiple Sclerosis and the MS-Atlas

AoS. RNA signature in brain lesions of damage or repair in Multiple Sclerosis and the MS-Atlas

We explored mechanistic signatures of different lesion types in the brain of patients with progressive MS: normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), active, chronic active (slowly expanding), inactive and repairing (remyelinating) lesions compared to control brain white matter areas.

Bundt-pan antenna can concentrate optical infrared energy onto nano-sized detectors

AoS. Bundt-pan antenna can concentrate optical infrared energy onto nano-sized detectors

Optical infrared detection devices are becoming smaller in size with tiny active areas in the range of a few micrometers or even nanometers, such as photodetectors, solar cells, cameras, and microbolometers. Such miniature size gives several advantages

Hidden geometry of human connectomes: a key to higher-order brain functional differences

AoS. Hidden Geometry of Human Connectomes: a key to higher-order Brain functional differences

With its complex circuits, the brain enables the entire human activity, psychology, and behaviour. Its evolutionary adaptation evolved towards a complex structure that supports its functional features. Studies have shown that information processing relies on mechanisms of

Ultra-wideband absorption based on wavelength-insensitive phase matching

AoS. Ultra-wideband absorption based on wavelength-insensitive phase matching

Due to high carrier mobility, the graphene has attracted enormous interests in developing high-speed photodetectors. In this study, for practical high-performance photodetectors, we focus on the remarkable enlargement of absorption bandwidth in the graphene perfect absorbers based