What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

What pH at the sites of calcification of an octocoral tells us

Corals are marine organisms which elaborate calcium carbonate skeletons, a process known as biomineralization or calcification. More »

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. More »

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Any cell organelle can be the starting point for toxicant and pathogen-induced cell death

Toxicants and pathogens often induce death of their target and host cells. In order to investigate the different ways they can achieve this More »

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic framework with dangling sulfonate groups for enhanced proton conductivity

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a versatile platform for tuning the chemical functionality of pore surfaces and thus have attracted an increasing amount of attention for applications in gas storage More »

 

Role of dopamine in cortico-basal ganglia loop in psychosis

Dopamine plays a major role in the formation of acute psychosis, as indicated by the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia. The relationship between acute psychosis and the dopamine system provides insight into the effects of dopamine on brain

Defects in mismatch repair increase cancer risk and influence treatment selection

AoS. Defects in mismatch repair increase cancer risk and influence treatment selection

Microsatellites are formed by 1-6 nucleotide base pairs that are repeated in direct order 5-50 times. Repetitive DNA including microsatellites are mainly present in non-coding DNA regions that occupy more than 97% of the nuclear DNA. They

Is milk and meat from the offspring of a bull genome edited to have no horns safe to eat?

AoS. Is milk and meat from the offspring of a bull genome edited to have no horns safe to eat?

Horns on cattle are an animal welfare and human safety concern, but most high producing dairy breeds grow horns. Introducing the polled (hornless) trait into the dairy population by crossbreeding would also introduce non-productive traits by linkage

Postponed protonation under competitive conditions in rhodium catalyzed domino reactions

The readily available α,β-unsaturated compound (Michael acceptor) serves as one of the most important building blocks in synthetic chemistry, which is widely used in conjugate addition reaction. The characteristic of conjugate addition reaction is that it is

Deep Molecular Profiling to understand the biology of Alzheimer disease

AoS. Deep Molecular Profiling to understand the biology of Alzheimer disease

Alzheimer disease (AD) is a complex, polygenic disease with genetic, cellular, pathologic, and clinical heterogeneity. Advances in high-throughput sequencing and omics technologies have accelerated the drive toward personalized medicine. Human bio-specimens using these high-throughput platforms have emerged

Cosmology in a cell: Defect annihilation in liquid crystals

AoS. Cosmology in a cell: Defect annihilation in liquid crystals

Topological defects are configurations of the order parameter which cannot be transformed continuously into a uniform state. They have been observed in various areas of physics, such as alloys, semiconductors, particle physics and cosmology. Due to the

Ultralong room-temperature phosphorescence of a solid-state supramolecule

Glows in the dark after removing energy input, named room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), has got enormous attention because of its various application in biological imaging, light-emitting devices, information storage and encryption, and so on. However, achieving ultralong RTP

Essential fatty acids in the vegan/total vegetarian diet

AoS. Essential Fatty Acids in the Vegan/Total Vegetarian Diet

People choose vegetarian/vegan diets and for many reasons, however, these diets require careful dietary planning. The essential polyunsaturated n-6 (omega-6) and n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids are required for synthesis of inflammatory compounds, cell membranes, skin, brain and

WRGSD: improving reliability and efficiency for coastal monitoring network

Water-quality response grid-based sampling design (WRGSD) using optimization and multi-factors assessment can reliably detect a variety of the impact of human activities. The sampling design are optimized by clustering and dividing the water quality response grid to

Cs adsorption by Mn‒Fe-based Prussian blue analogs formed in agarose gel

AoS. Cs adsorption by Mn‒Fe-based Prussian blue analogs formed in agarose gel

The Fukushima nuclear accident triggered a massive release of radioactive cesium (Cs) isotopes into the environment and generated a large amount of contaminated water. Because Cs isotopes pose serious threats to the environment (particularly the aquatic environment),

Inner peace and faith: the impact of spiritual well-being on anxiety protection in healthcare workers

Inner peace and faith

Anxiety is considered the most common mental disorder. The anxiety symptoms (AS) are usually associated with several physical and mental illnesses. Previous investigations have shown that AS are exceptionally high in healthcare workers (HCWs). Furthermore, some studies

Silkworms turning your shirt into a cell phone battery

AoS. Silkworms Turning Your Shirt into a Cell Phone Battery

Feeding Bombyx mori larvae with nanostructured materials such as CNTs, graphene, TiO2 and other metal oxides have been investigated in recent reports. The feeding process proved that Bombyx mori larvae can intake nanostructured materials, which affect the

Actinobacteria from Algerian ecosystems as a rich source of bioactive molecules promising for new potential drugs

AoS. Actinobacteria from Algerian ecosystems as a rich source of bioactive molecules

Secondary metabolites are molecules not essential for the growth and development of microorganism, mainly having a defence role. They have shown a great potential for the discovery of drugs and their study still draws attention to the

Low phosphate after modern intravenous iron? Fibroblast growth factor 23 may be the key!

AoS. Low phosphate after modern intravenous iron

Iron is an essential substance with a number of roles in the body. Anaemia caused by low iron (iron deficiency anaemia) can worsen disease outcomes and reduce the quality of people’s lives. Iron deficiency anaemia can be

The SETOC: Visualizing carcinogenesis through a different lens

The Systemic-Evolutionary Theory of the Origin of Cancer (SETOC) is a recently proposed theory based on two fundamental principles: (i) Margulian evolution as a process of cooperation and endosymbiosis and (ii) Systemic cell biology understood as the

Cerebral venous hemodynamic in a rat model of acute epidural hematoma

AoS. Cerebral venous hemodynamic in a rat model of acute epidural hematoma

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is currently one of the most serious public-health problems, with an annual global incidence rate of 319/100,000. TBI includes primary injuries directly caused by mechanical stress and shear forces, as well as secondary

Muscle pain treated with injected normal saline solution

AoS. Muscle Pain Treated with Injected Normal Saline Solution

Pain comes in all shapes and sizes. Ranging from acute to chronic, from nociceptive and myofascial to neuropathic, pain is a part of life. Myofascial or muscle pain, is among the most common. With a lifetime prevalence

A new procedure to accurately define Nitrate Vulnerable Zones

The Nitrates Directive of the European Union (91/676/EEC) aims to reduce and prevent water pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. It establishes that water resources should be considered polluted when nitrate concentration exceeds 50 mg L-1.

Recording in the emergency department: illegal or immoral?

Patients and staff should expect privacy in emergency departments and should not be recorded without giving their consent in advance. Emergency departments (ED) use audiovisual recordings to document clinical information and to assist with diagnosis and treatment.

How PET ameliorates 90-Yttrium therapy in inoperable liver cancer patients?

Increased synthesis of blood vessels and blood supply are essential characteristics of a tumor to secure nutrient delivery and growth. One of the treatment options for inoperable liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, HCC) is to apply a form of