Tag Archives: alcohol
Finding ‘someone like me’: key benefits of non-12-step alcohol online support groups
Problem drinking is a significant issue in the UK with a 20% increase in deaths from specific alcohol-related causes in 2020. UK and USA national guidance on treating problem drinking recognises the importance of peer support in
How alcohol consumption might contribute to viral liver infections?
The coexistence between excessive alcohol consumption and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is causative of a high death ratio annually. It is well-known that phosphoinositides (PI) not only regulate a number of physiological processes but also they
Subjects with gambling-related problems requiring treatment
Gambling disorders affect 0.2–5.3% of adults worldwide, although measurement and prevalence varies according to the screening instruments and methods used, and the availability and accessibility of gambling opportunities. A significant percentage of gamblers develops clinically relevant gambling
An epigenetic treatment strategy puts a brake on alcohol dependence
Alcohol use disorder, commonly known as alcoholism, is a chronic debilitating psychiatric disease that affects >16 million people in the United States. Disease progression of alcoholism cycles through several different stages, characterized by preoccupation or needing to
College drinking culture in Spain, Argentina, and USA: An examination of impulsivity, college alcohol beliefs, and alcohol outcomes
Across many countries and cultures, college students drink heavily. Students who drink heavily are at risk for a wide range of problems ranging from hangover to unsafe and unplanned sex to poor academic performance to developing an
Statin therapy makes things worse for alcohol drinkers
High cholesterol levels in humans represent a risk factor for life-threatening cardio/cerebrovascular conditions, including heart attack and stroke. It is estimated that nearly 94.6 million, or 40 % of American adults, have total blood cholesterol levels above
The lysosomal enzyme cathepsin D as novel therapeutic target for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
The decrease in physical activity combined with increased caloric intake has led us to a global obesity epidemic. Obese patients can develop metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is a term used to assess the risk of a patient
Does the total alcohol consumption in a population determine the number of heavy drinkers – or is it a case of the tail wagging the dog?
It is widely believed that a country’s total alcohol consumption (commonly reported as per capita volume of 100 per cent alcohol per year) determines the number of heavy drinkers and thus also the degree of alcohol-related health
How much alcohol is in ketamine`s antidepressant response?
The rapid and robust antidepressant action following a single intravenous sub-narcotic ketamine infusion (usually 0.5 mg/kg over 40 minutes) in the treatment of resistant major depression is unique and encouraging, albeit short-lasting (up to 7 days). Increasing
Avoiding the dilemma between too much alcohol and too much volatile acidity in wine
Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history, thus affecting the production of many crops, including wine grapes. Indeed, global warming uncouples technological and phenolic maturity of
Role of fermented beverages in the maintenance of weight loss
Obesity is an increasingly prevalent disease and is associated with multiple chronic complications, such as diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, increased risk of cancer, etc. These complications may be ameliorated or even disappear after small but maintained weight
Heavy alcohol drinking and potassium channel genes
Alcohol use disorder is a chronic and relapsing brain disease that has damaging, sometimes deadly, consequences for the individual and costs society billions of dollars a year (approximately $223 billion). Despite alcohol use being one of the
Stopping light drinking may increase death risk among healthy adults
Former drinkers, that is those who have stopped alcohol use, have higher mortality than lifelong abstainers. Higher mortality may be due to some disease, alcoholism or ending beneficial moderate drinking, which has been found to decrease mortality.
Personality and alcohol use disorders outcome
The main objective of Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) treatment is to give up alcohol drinking for as long as possible, and, secondly, to reduce physical harm by drinking less alcohol. However, there are two important problems which
Alcohol and prostate cancer risk
In a large follow-up study, we found that heavy regular alcohol consumption and binge drinking during midlife were associated with a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer risk. Specifically, men who were heavy drinkers (>14 drinks/week) were
Vodka and wine consumption: good for your liver?
Approximately 50 million Americans are affected by metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is defined as hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, high blood pressure and glucose intolerance leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of
Immunological disturbances observed in chronic alcoholism
Alcoholism is a complex behavioral disorder characterized by the loss of control over alcohol consumption often involving other drug abuse with a relapsing and remitting course leading to significant impairment. Chronic alcohol use and alcoholism damages many
Alcohol problems in India
Despite low prevalence of alcohol use in India, alcohol use disorders are prevalent and persistent among men in Goa, India. The finding is reported in a study conducted by the Sangath Institute (India) in partnership with the
Recovering from addiction: Do peer-delivered services help?
New research indicates that addiction to alcohol and drugs is a chronic condition. For many, recovery from addiction is often a lengthy process that requires ongoing management and support. Yet the traditional approach to addiction provides intensive