Tag Archives: antibiotic

Phage therapy: a one-hundred-year-old alternative to modern, chemical antibiotics

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Phage therapy is the use of bacterial viruses, known as bacteriophages, or phages, to control or eliminate problematic bacteria (Fig. 1). Targeted bacteria can range from biofouling agents to agricultural pests to human pathogens, etc. As has

Simple mathematical formulas for tracking the number of antibiotic resistance cases globally

In order to continue to live, microbes and germs have found ways to prevent drugs from killing them in the process of curing patients—when the patients ingest the drugs for treatment. Microbes destroying drugs within patients and

Artilysin®s as a novel enzyme-based approach to kill drug-resistant bacteria

In recent years world leading health care authorities have warned the global community about the threat of antimicrobial resistance. We risk being cast back into the dark ages when minor infections and injuries were often lethal. However,

Are disinfection processes an effective barrier in controlling the spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment?

According to the report on global surveillance of antimicrobial resistance published in 2014 by the World Health Organization (WHO), the world is heading towards a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries may once again

Fecal microbial transplantation: a novel approach to eradicate antibiotic-resistant gut bacteria

The discovery of antibiotics in the early 20th century had an enormous impact on modern medicine, dramatically reducing mortality associated with infections.  However, the emergence of drug – resistant pathogens has occurred due to greater availability and

Can solar driven processes effectively control antibiotic resistance and cytotoxicity during drinking water treatment?

Antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistant genes have been detected in various aquatic environments because of the disposal of both treated and untreated wastewater. Their occurrence in water is a threat for human and animal health

Rapid and extremely reliable detection extended-spectrum ß-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae

Resistance to antibiotics is becoming a worldwide issue mostly related to resistance observed in gram negative bacterial species such as in Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia coli , Klebsiella pneumoniae) that are the most important source of hospital – and

Protecting titanium implants from infection

Certain microorganisms are capable of growing in layers, forming biofilms on medical surfaces, like implants, heart valves, etc… Biofilm-associated infections on implants are responsible for 15-25 % of implant failures as biofilms are resistant to most of the

Plasmid-mediated carbapenem and colistin resistance in E. coli – toward a dead end

The increasing trend in antibiotic resistance continues to threaten global health. Presently, multidrug resistance (MDR) in gram-negative rods is frequently observed not only with the occurrence of extended-spectrum ß – lactamase but also with producers of enzymes

Can bacteria resist a new antibacterial method?

Antibiotic resistance in bacteria is on the rise worldwide, making some previously-treatable infections incurable or even life-threatening. Thus there is a growing need for the discovery and development of new antibacterial methods of disinfection. Ideally these methods

Antibiotic sensing by a bacterial communication system

Bacteria compete using antibiotics. Bacteria compete with one another using an array of destructive compounds and strategies. For example antibiotics, used to treat infections, are produced by bacteria and other microbes and can kill competitors in mixed

Application of bacteria as microbial factories for natural products

Bacteria may be described as tiny chemical factories that take up simple molecules like sugars or alcohols as nutrients and utilize them to build all components that are necessary for basic cell metabolism, thus so called primary

Dendritic cells: Implication of molecular mechanism in allergic reaction to betalactam antibiotic

Adverse drug reactions are a serious health problem, accounting for 3% of revenue and becoming the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. These reactions include allergic reactions caused by specific immunological mechanisms, which are

Antibiotic resistance re-visited

With the introduction of antibiotics at the beginning of the 20th century, the threat of bacterial infections was thought to over. Today, antibiotics are still used as the first, if not only, line of defense against bacterial

Antimicrobial resistance – what’s needed but how to get the resources to the innovators?

Antibiotic resistance is at a crisis point, nay a “tipping point”. There are several major programs which offer what sound like large sums of money to make new antibiotics, but to get these monies takes a lot

Can germs cause premenstrual syndrome?

Each month a woman’s body prepares itself for pregnancy.  Monthly hormonal cycles alter immunological defenses to allow survival of sperm cells, the fertilized egg, and the developing embryo.   At the onset of each cycle immune defenses are

A small step closer to a save new antibiotic

An important fundament of our so called modern medicine are substances that are save for humans to take but deadly for bacteria. They are known as antibiotics. Interestingly, most of these have their origin in microbes, using

Killing microbes with red light

Photosensitization is a process in which a chemical compound (photosensitizer) that absorbs energy from light is able to transfer that energy to oxygen molecules. As a consequence, reactive oxygen species (ROS), highly toxic to living cells, are

Use of antibiotics in animals and people – resistance transfer

There is a great debate going on in the European Union and the United States, regarding the effects of the use of antibiotics in animals and the potential transfer of resistance to man, primarily via the consumption

The growing number of resistance traits may limit the number of efficient antibiotics

Antibiotics are one of the major medical innovations of the 20th century. However, due to the escalation of multi- and even pandrug resistance in human clinical isolates, mainly in bacteria such as community-acquired Enterobacteriaceae and nosocomial Gram-negative