Tag Archives: cerebellum

Use flat shoes and increase neurogenesis!

When starting to walk the plantarflexor triceps surae muscle is inactivated, the dorsiflexor tibialis anterior activated, and we fall forward because of gravity. The first step is taken, and just as the foot leaves the ground, we

Cerebellar and brainstem malformations

The development of the cerebellum and brainstem is a highly complex process that involves a large number of genes. Mutations in these genes may cause an abnormal development of the cerebellum and brainstem and result in several

Cerebellar disruptions and neurodevelopmental disabilities

The cerebellum (“little brain”) is a part of the brain that is located in the back of the skull, dorsally to the brain stem, below the cerebrum, and above the spinal cord. The cerebellum consists of two

Chiari malformations and syringohydromyelia in children

More than 100 years ago, Hans Chiari, an Austrian pathologist, described different types of morphological abnormalities of the posterior fossa, the small space in the lower part of the skull just above the spinal canal. The brainstem

A systems-level view of cerebellar function: The interplay between cerebellum, basal ganglia, and cortex

The cerebellum is a key brain region involved in many motor functions. It contributes to coordination, precision, and accurate timing of movements as well as to motor learning and adaptation. Alongside its role in motor control, it

We learn and forget to correct our expectations

Learning and forgetting are, to a large extent, about tuning your expectations so that they match your experience. So while it is usually good to learn new things, we sometimes also need to forget things. We constantly

Using stem cells to battle brain diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases are conditions resulting from the malfunction and death of brain cells, known as “neurons”. As people are living longer, neurodegenerative diseases affect an increasing number of people and pose a major social and economic burden