Tag Archives: diagnosis

Is schizophrenia disappearing?

Psychosis is a mental state with grossly impaired reality testing, manifesting as different mixtures of delusions, hallucinations, deviant thinking and abnormal motor behaviour – so-called positive symptoms. Negative symptoms – reduced emotions, interests, will and social participation

Cystic lesions of the pancreas – are we good enough at predicting the right diagnosis in order to make a suitable treatment choice?

The incidence of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCL) is steadily increasing, most likely due to the common use of cross-sectional abdominal imaging and its technical improvements during the past decade. The majority of these lesions are benign at

Could low albumin be a marker of an undiagnosed cancer?

Cancer is an increasingly common problem that affects one-in-two British people over the course of their lifetime. Survival rates are getting better with increased awareness, better tests and more effective treatments, but the UK still lags behind

Family, cholesterol and the genes from the ground up or why screening matters

In 1913, the “cholesterol theory” of atherogenesis was proposed. In the 1930s a genetic disorder, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which is associated with elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high risk of heart attack at an

How realistic is the potential global spread of Zika virus and should we all be worried?

Unless you have taken a holiday on Mars for the whole of this year no doubt by now you will have heard of Zika. This is the virus that has emerged in the last 18 months to

Seeing the signs: Acromegaly

Acromegaly is a rare disorder typically caused by a growth hormone (GH)-producing tumor in a small gland at the base of the brain: the pituitary. This organ is a “master gland”, controlling the production and release of

Cushing’s Disease – why is the diagnosis so difficult?

Cushing’s disease, named after the neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing, and caused by an adrenocorticotroph hormone (ACTH)-secreting benign tumor of the pituitary, is a rare illness. The pituitary is a gland at the base of the brain that secretes

Diagnosis of concussion in children

Children frequently injure their heads during play and sport, which often leads to visits to the Emergency Department (ED) to be checked by a doctor. Concussion is a type of brain injury, which requires an accurate and

CD164 helps physicians to diagnose and treat cancer in Sézary Syndrome

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) represent malignancies of the T-lymphocytes that go to or reside in the skin. Roughly 50% of all CTCL cases are Sézary Syndrome and Mycosis Fungoides. The typical external manifestation of the disease is

“Nothing to worry about”? The meaning of a Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) diagnosis for patients put on a disease register

We interviewed a group of people who had been recruited to a trial for people with early stage Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The wider trial was concerned with finding out whether helping people with early stage CKD

Diagnosis of small cell lung carcinoma metastases

Cancer is defined by unscheduled cellular growth and metastatic spread into other organs of the body. Tumor cells gain their capacities form genetic alterations, also known as mutations, leading to altered protein functions and signaling pathways. Tumors

Schistosomiasis infection: is it really diagnosed?

Schistosomiasis, also known as Bilharziazis, has been and remains one of the most common parasitic diseases worldwide. It affects millions of people in the developing world, mainly in Africa. In 1999, the WHO estimated schistosmiasis as the

Palliative treatment of superior vena cava syndrome with use of stent

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that is caused by compromised venous blood return from the head and upper extremities due to compression and obstruction of the SVC. Respiratory distress, dysphagia, swelling of the

Palpating the brain with MR Elastography to diagnose normal pressure hydrocephalus

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a treatable cause of dementia that accounts for about 6% of dementia cases. It is a condition of elderly individuals of unknown cause, and is characterized by the presence of excessive fluid

Doc, I think I just bruised my elbow. Do I really need to wait for x-rays?

You’re late for work. You grab your bag and rush out the door. After catching the tip of your shoe on the step, you crash to the ground. Your right elbow — and your mug of coffee

Milk fatty acids as possible biomarkers to diagnose hyperketonemia in early lactation

Aim of this study was to assess the potential of milk fatty acids (FA) as a diagnostic tool for hyperketonemia. Negative energy balance is a common phenomenon in the transition period in dairy cows. During this period,