Tag Archives: epidemiology

Monitoring of the consumption of new psychoactive substances in wastewater from Athens

Licit and illicit drug use monitoring is an important subject for public health. Almost every substance that people consume is excreted as parent compound and as metabolites via urine and faeces and ends up in the sewage

Trends in heart failure diagnosis for women and men in urban and rural settings in Ontario

AoS. Trends in heart failure diagnosis for women and men in urban and rural settings in Ontario

Heart failure remains a significant cause of death and disability for women and men. It is estimated that 1 in 5 individuals will be diagnosed with heart failure in their lifetime, with an average survival of approximately

Setting the epidemiological scenario of HCV infection in the islands of the Amazon region

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health problem. This viral infection is related to several serious clinical complications. About 2.2% of the world’s population is infected with HCV, most infected are asymptomatic and unconscious of

Estimating occupational exposures in large general populations made easier

In occupational epidemiology we are interested in associations between exposures that occur in the workplace and detrimental health effects. Ultimately with the goal of preventing harmful exposures to continue. Simply comparing exposed workers with non-exposed workers will

Risky attraction to the familiar smell of disease

Many animals remember smells, sights, and sounds (‘cues’) they encounter as juveniles, like the smell of nearby individuals, or their environment. These memorised (or ‘imprinted’) cues can help identify important individuals, such as members of the same

Bovine milk microbiological quality and milking practices from pastures in São Miguel Island (Azores)

The bovine dairy industry is mainly supplied by conventional dairy herds. Milk and derivate dairy products are rigorously evaluated and processed in accordance with the biosecurity standard norms. The ultimate aim is to obtain a “Farm-to-Table” food

Is Inflammatory Bowel Disease becoming an epidemic?

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions that affect the entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract, but mainly the colon and the small intestine. It falls into the category of autoimmune diseases, in which the immune

Where leprosy still lives

Leprosy affected 214,000-300,000 people per year globally between 2005 and 2014. It remains as a public health problem, particularly in the poorest communities of developing countries, such as India, Brazil and Indonesia. Globally, these three countries accounted

Measles – a killer disease that can be eliminated but how will we know when we are getting close?

With increased measles immunisation coverage, there has been a dramatic global reduction in childhood deaths and measles cases.  The World Health Assembly has endorsed a target of achieving measles elimination in at least five of the six

A growing epidemic: HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinoma

The incidence of Human Papillomavirus(HPV)related oropharyngeal cancer has increased by epidemic proportions (225%) over the past 30 years. If it continues to increase at the current rate, the incidence of HPVrelated oropharyngeal cancer will be even greater

Road traffic noise linked to deaths and increased risk of stroke

Traffic noise is a known environmental risk factor for health. Health effects of noise exposure are hypothesised to occur via several pathways. Exposure to noise may affect the autonomic nervous system increasing heart rate, blood pressure and