Tag Archives: patient
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are congenital vascular communications in the lungs. They act as shunts so that the blood running through these malformations is not oxygenated or filtered (Fig. 1). These patients will typically have dyspnea on
Nailfold microangiopathy in dermatomyositis and systemic sclerosis: what is different in long term follow-up?
Dermatomyositis (DM) is a chronic inflammatory disorder involving mainly the skin and muscles. Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular alterations and progressive tissue fibrosis of multiple organs. Peripheral microangiopathy
Once considered prohibitive, kidney transplantation in HIV (+) recipients is achieving outcomes similar to comparable recipients without HIV. These successes are possible because of incremental improvements in care that resulted from lessons learned from the last two
B-cell lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies originating from B lymphocytes. Modern day chemotherapy is effective in inducing disease remission in a large percentage of patients for most of the subtypes. Some of these subtypes, the
Can “low calorie”-oil enhance the secretion of incretin hormones with beneficial effects on diabetic patients?
When the human body digests dietary fat (triacylglycerol), hormones from the intestine called incretins are released from the small intestine. These hormones stimulate insulin release and inhibit food intake. The mechanism for the fat-induced incretin release involves
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that damages motor neurons. As the disease progresses, patients gradually loose exercise capacity. Finally, they die due to the lack of breathability. No effective therapy was found for ALS
Sliding esophagoplasty. Can esophagectomy be avoided in esophageal obstruction due to huge thoracic aortic aneurysm?
Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a serious vascular disease which usually requires surgical aortic graft replacement. In recent years, endovascular stent placement proved a mini-invasive alternative to be used safely in properly selected instances particularly in subjects considered
The progressive loss of dopaminergic innervation of the basal ganglia, in particular of the dorsal striatum (putamen) is responsible for the motor signs of Parkinson disease such as bradykinesia, rigidity and loss of postural reflexes. Present therapies
Heart disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Heart surgeries saves thousands of lives a year but can be lengthy and complex. During surgery, many patients require prolonged periods of intubation and coronary bypass (mechanical support
Pharmaceutical compounding is the preparation of unlicensed medicines in order to meet specific patient needs that do not have a licensed (commercial) medicine available on the market. Especially for patients with rare diseases it is complementary when
The word “cure” for breast or any other type of cancer might be unfair to a patient since this will give the individual a false sense of comfort. The misuse of `cure’ is evident in breast cancer
Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect which consists of 4 components: the aorta overriding both ventricles of the heart, a hole between both ventricles, narrowing of the right ventricle outlet and thickening of the right
Patient safety is the tentpole around which modern healthcare is built. Though awareness of shortcomings in safety checks in the medical community is growing, implementing systematic approaches similar to those utilized in other high reliability industries is
Obesity is present in about 38% of adults in the United States, and as many as 67% of patients with knee injuries (including meniscus tears). Some research has shown that obese patients have worse function and more
Prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies in patients with and without systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases
The main role of the immune system is to protect the body from a wide range of foreign invaders. In some cases, the immune system recognizes a part of the body as “foreign” and starts to attack
The main goal of the current acute therapies for acute ischemic stroke is to restore perfusion in brain areas supplied by an occluded artery. The use of endovenous thrombolytic drugs and more recently of mechanical thrombectomy by
Disturbed sleep is a significant problem for patients suffering with long-term, inflammatory conditions such as Ankylosing Spondylitis and non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis. Alongside other symptoms, these conditions primarily affect the axial skeleton and connective tissue, causing pain and
Chronic and Polypathological patients (PP) account for a significant percentage both in primary care and in hospital setting. This has led to an increased interest in finding a prognostic survival index in patients with chronic diseases affecting
A good physician-patient-relationship is essential for the patient’s health. Accordingly, the therapeutic relationship can influence the success of the therapy with a variance of 30%. A well-structured, patient-centred medical history taking enables an earlier and more accurate