Tag Archives: patient

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) should be treated by embolization

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. AoS

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are congenital vascular communications in the lungs. They act as shunts so that the blood running through these malformations is not oxygenated or filtered (Fig. 1). These patients will typically have dyspnea on

Nailfold microangiopathy in dermatomyositis and systemic sclerosis: what is different in long term follow-up?

Nailfold videocapillaroscopic pictures. AoS

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a chronic inflammatory disorder involving mainly the skin and muscles. Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular alterations and progressive tissue fibrosis of multiple organs. Peripheral microangiopathy

Evolution of the art and science of kidney transplantation in HIV positive patients

Evolution of the Art and Science of Kidney Transplantation in HIV

Once considered prohibitive, kidney transplantation in HIV (+) recipients is achieving outcomes similar to comparable recipients without HIV. These successes are possible because of incremental improvements in care that resulted from lessons learned from the last two

Routine imaging in patients with follicular lymphoma in remission

Routine imaging in patients with follicular lymphoma in remission

B-cell lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies originating from B lymphocytes. Modern day chemotherapy is effective in inducing disease remission in a large percentage of patients for most of the subtypes. Some of these subtypes, the

Can “low calorie”-oil enhance the secretion of incretin hormones with beneficial effects on diabetic patients?

Time courses for plasma GLP-1 following ingestion of olive oil and carrot (squares), C4-dietary oil and carrot (circles) and carrot alone (crosses).

When the human body digests dietary fat (triacylglycerol), hormones from the intestine called incretins are released from the small intestine. These hormones stimulate insulin release and inhibit food intake. The mechanism for the fat-induced incretin release involves

How well can serum miRNAs diagnose amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients?

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that damages motor neurons. As the disease progresses, patients gradually loose exercise capacity. Finally, they die due to the lack of breathability. No effective therapy was found for ALS

Sliding esophagoplasty. Can esophagectomy be avoided in esophageal obstruction due to huge thoracic aortic aneurysm?

Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a serious vascular disease which usually requires surgical aortic graft replacement. In recent years, endovascular stent placement proved a mini-invasive alternative to be used safely in properly selected instances particularly in subjects considered

Parkinson disease: a tale of three neurotransmitters

The progressive loss of dopaminergic innervation of the basal ganglia, in particular of the dorsal striatum (putamen) is responsible for the motor signs of Parkinson disease such as bradykinesia, rigidity and loss of postural reflexes. Present therapies

The silent effects of heart surgery: voice and swallowing

Heart disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Heart surgeries saves thousands of lives a year but can be lengthy and complex. During surgery, many patients require prolonged periods of intubation and coronary bypass (mechanical support

Got blood!

Blood has been recognized as a life giving force from time immemorial. The first recorded attempt at human to human transfusion was recorded in 1492 when Pope Innocent VII succumbed in an attempt at a transfusion. Successful

Compounded medication for patients with rare diseases

Pharmaceutical compounding is the preparation of unlicensed medicines in order to meet specific patient needs that do not have a licensed (commercial) medicine available on the market. Especially for patients with rare diseases it is complementary when

The importance of immature cancer cells in predicting patient outcome

The word “cure” for breast or any other type of cancer might be unfair to a patient since this will give the individual a false sense of comfort. The misuse of `cure’ is evident in breast cancer

Surgical strategies to preserve the right heart function during tetralogy of Fallot repair

Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect which consists of 4 components: the aorta overriding both ventricles of the heart, a hole between both ventricles, narrowing of the right ventricle outlet and thickening of the right

Patient safety ward round checklist via an electronic app

Patient safety is the tentpole around which modern healthcare is built. Though awareness of shortcomings in safety checks in the medical community is growing, implementing systematic approaches similar to those utilized in other high reliability industries is

Does body mass index affect how well patients do after meniscus surgery?

Obesity is present in about 38% of adults in the United States, and as many as 67% of patients with knee injuries (including meniscus tears). Some research has shown that obese patients have worse function and more

Prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies in patients with and without systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases

The main role of the immune system is to protect the body from a wide range of foreign invaders. In some cases, the immune system recognizes a part of the body as “foreign” and starts to attack

Different perfusion patterns in a patient with acute ischemic stroke

The main goal of the current acute therapies for acute ischemic stroke is to restore perfusion in brain areas supplied by an occluded artery. The use of endovenous thrombolytic drugs and more recently of mechanical thrombectomy by

Disturbed sleep matters to patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Disturbed sleep is a significant problem for patients suffering with long-term, inflammatory conditions such as Ankylosing Spondylitis and non-radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis. Alongside other symptoms, these conditions primarily affect the axial skeleton and connective tissue, causing pain and

Cronigal: a simple prognostic index for chronic patients after hospital admission

Chronic and Polypathological patients (PP) account for a significant percentage both in primary care and in hospital setting. This has led to an increased interest in finding a prognostic survival index in patients with chronic diseases affecting

Medical students’ communication is trainable

A good physician-patient-relationship is essential for the patient’s health. Accordingly, the therapeutic relationship can influence the success of the therapy with a variance of 30%. A well-structured, patient-centred medical history taking enables an earlier and more accurate