Tag Archives: reactive oxygen species

Reactive oxygen species, Devil or Angel?

Reactive oxygen species

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have an amazing oxidative potential with oxidative stress and could abolish the integrity of living cells. Vigorous production of ROS can damage mitochondria and DNA, which would persistently destroy the cells and might

Cellular stress and AMPK activators including metformin and the anesthetic drug propofol promote restoration of human consciousness

Cellular stress and AMPK activators including Metformin

The neural mechanisms that give rise to human consciousness have been described as one of the greatest and most profound mysteries in all of modern medicine. The use of general anesthetics to induce loss of consciousness (LOC)

Cellular stress and AMPK links metformin and jumping genes with the creation of human life

The evolution of the human genome has been facilitated to a great extent by the activity of transposable elements (TEs), also known as “jumping genes”. As the name implies, TEs are DNA sequences capable of moving or

The herbicide glyphosate activates oxidative metabolism in the weed model plant Arabidopsis thaliana

For farmers, glyphosate is a very familiar chemical compound because it is one of the broad-spectrum herbicides more used worldwide in agriculture. Even it is also applied in non-cultivated areas to keep the growth of weeds under

Mechanical injury in plants triggers local and long distance response using biochemical signals

It is well-known that when the mammal skin undergoes a physical injury there is a local response to repair the damage cells but, at the same time, there is also a diversity of signals that stimulate the

Hypoxia mimetic blocks adipocyte differentiation but induces lipid accumulation

Obesity is one of the most immediate health threats in industrialized countries, increasing morbidity and mortality.  It is characterized by an excessive increase of white adipose tissue. Adipose tissue is a tissue with high plasticity, having the

3,3′-diindolylmethane is a novel signalling molecule in Canola plants

Glucosinolates are organic compounds which exist in the Brassica family of plants and which are derived from glucose and amino acids and consists of sulphur and nitrogen in their structure. Glucosinolates exist as many different compounds in

‘Resurrection plants’, our ticket to crop drought tolerance?

The loss of crops or decrease in crop yields due to drought has been and still is a major natural disaster, resulting in multiple devastating humanitarian and environmental impacts. This is becoming prevalent in almost every inhabited

Direct monitoring of the interaction between ROS and cerium dioxide nanoparticles in living cells

Swallowing the pill we don’t know whether it comes to the target, destroys the harmful objects (microbes, viruses, cancer cells) and/or whether it works correctly at the center of the inflammation. Let’s imagine that each grain of