Tag Archives: surgery

Insight into the needs of thyroid cancer patients before surgery

AoS. Insight into the Needs of Thyroid Cancer Patients Before Surgery

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck below the Adam’s apple. It produces hormones that help influence our metabolism and normal development. Over the last 30 years, the number of new thyroid cancer diagnoses has

Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors: what we really know about them? An Italian multicentre experience

Duodenal Neuroendocrine Tumors. AoS

Duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms (dNENs) are heterogeneous tumors and represent up to 3% of all duodenal tumors and 2–3% of all gastrointestinal tumors. Despite clear differences, dNENs have been always treated together with either gastric neuroendocrine tumors or,

How do people’s expectations compare to the reality of their recovery after a knee replacement surgery?

Average recovery timeline

The decision to undergo a knee replacement is not one taken lightly by the patient or medical team. For many people with arthritis, medication and exercise therapies can help their symptoms, but when problems persist, a knee

The silent effects of heart surgery: voice and swallowing

Heart disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Heart surgeries saves thousands of lives a year but can be lengthy and complex. During surgery, many patients require prolonged periods of intubation and coronary bypass (mechanical support

Surgical strategies to preserve the right heart function during tetralogy of Fallot repair

Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect which consists of 4 components: the aorta overriding both ventricles of the heart, a hole between both ventricles, narrowing of the right ventricle outlet and thickening of the right

A cool new way to cool (or warm)!

The cooling or warming of patients being treated for certain medical conditions can greatly increase their chance of survival. For example, survival after cardiac arrest can be almost doubled if the patient is gently cooled for about

Does body mass index affect how well patients do after meniscus surgery?

Obesity is present in about 38% of adults in the United States, and as many as 67% of patients with knee injuries (including meniscus tears). Some research has shown that obese patients have worse function and more

Keyhole heart valve surgery after previous heart transplantation

Advances in heart transplant techniques and medication that control rejection and infections resulted in improved survival and quality of life. These improved long term outcomes are unfortunately paralleled by a variety of associated coronary-, mitral- and tricuspid

Inactive bears don’t get blood clots like humans!

Blood clots are a common problem for humans who are sedentary. They frequently form in the veins of the legs and can then travel to the lung or brain causing serious complications, including death. This is frequently

Genital gender-affirming surgery: a history from the shadows to the forefront

Gender dysphoria is characterized by a discrepancy between an individual’s gender at birth and the gender with which they identify themselves. Gender-affirming surgery encompasses a variety of procedures that aim to alleviate gender dysphoria. These are broadly

Grafting stem cells in 3D arrays

Neural transplantation has continued to show promise as an effective treatment option for neurovascular, traumatic and neurodegenerative disorders. Previous work in neural stem-cell transplantation has demonstrated the ability of distinct neural cells to repair damage and to

Pancreatic incidentalomas: is laparoscopic approach safe and feasible?

Pancreatic incidentaloma is an asymptomatic incidentally lesion detected on a radiologic imaging performed for unrelated indication. This definition has been proposed for adrenal mass but actually the term is used for asymptomatic masses discovered in different solid

Warm is better than cold: hypothermia in abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery

Most of us agree shivering is unpleasant. In patients undergoing surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) falls in temperature below a certain level can make the difference between a good and poor outcome. An AAA is usually

Lung cancer imaging before surgery and the role of brain MRI

Lung cancer kills more people each year than any other cancer worldwide. The best chance at curing the cancer is with surgery, however not all lung cancers can be taken out. Surgeons use a variety of imaging

Thymus and surgeon: an attractive and challenging gland

The thymus is a small gland sited in the anterior-superior  mediastinum, approximately in the midline. It has  an h-shape  presenting two upper and two lower horns. It lies on the anterior surface of the pericardium starting from

Frail patients are at increased risk of death following surgery

As a busy surgeon it is sometimes very difficult to predict which patients will do poorly after surgery. Current preoperative measurements have proven to be inaccurate. This may lead to patients undergoing surgery and having bad outcomes.

A surgical treatment for high blood pressure

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 70 million Americans are diagnosed with high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension in the medical field. The majority of these individuals are not experiencing any symptoms

How can we know patients are involved in treatment decision-making?

Nowadays, patients desire a more active role in decision-making about their healthcare. Besides, the patients’ preference may differ from what their doctor advises. Shared decision-making (SDM) is the process in which both doctors and patients decide together

Recent trends in treating kidney stones

Kidney stones are incredibly common in the United States and the prevalence is increasing at a remarkable rate.  In the United States, the chance of a man having a kidney stone at some point in his life

More equal sexual arousal between the sheets

The cosmetic and functional results of creating a vagina by use of penile and scrotal skin in male-to-female transsexuals are, in general, satisfactory. One of the goals of creating a vagina is to create tactile and erogenous