Tag Archives: human evolution

‘DNA Fossils’, ancient mtDNA preserved in the nuclear genome: witnesses of human evolution milestones

Fragments of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are known to get inserted into the DNA of the cell nucleus (i.e., our main genome) and to form NUMTs, i.e. dysfunctional sequences, nuclear pseudogenes of the mtDNA. Hundreds of NUMTs have