Tag Archives: subway

Healthy commuting – exposure to particulate matter using different transport modes

Atmospheric particulate matter is one of the leading risk factors for premature death worldwide. Short-term exposure leads to worsening of respiratory symptoms, especially for patients with pulmonary diseases like asthma and COPD whereas long-term exposure increases the

Transient airborne particulate matters (PM) on subway platform

As the number of people using rapid transit systems (subways) continues to rise in major cities worldwide, increasing attention has been given to the indoor air quality of underground stations. One of most serious air pollutants is