Category Archives: Research

DARC – A light at the end of the tunnel

Atlas of Science. DARC - A light at the end of the tunnel

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness, affecting more than 70 million people worldwide. Visual loss is attributed to death of nerve cells, called retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), in the back of the eye. There is

Do pufferfish selectively accumulate toxins?

Marine pufferfish of the genus Takifugu, including Takifugu pardalis, contain the potent neurotoxin tetrodotoxin (TTX). TTX is distributed not only in pufferfish, but also in various other organisms, many of which are toxified exogenously by the food

Cultural competency/safety in healthcare

AoS.Cultural competency

There is current interest in cultural safety and cultural competence in tertiary institutions the world over. We need to learn it, teach it, and practice it. While this is true across the sector, my paper just focuses

Predictive sensing: the role of motor signals in sensory processing

The brain receives sensory information and uses it to build a representation of our environment and guide our behaviors. However, these voluntary actions in turn also lead to stimulation of our sensory systems. Accordingly, our sensory systems

Do bike lanes make cycling safer? Researchers don’t know

For years, researchers have been identifying “hotspots” for crashes – street segments or zones where a high proportion of crashes occur. Often features of the built environment – features such as population density, the number of intersections,

Macrophage-myofibroblast transition: a novel target for stopping kidney disease

AoS.Macrophage-myofibroblast transition

Kidney is one of the major organs in our body for detoxification. Its failure is an important cause of patient mortality that serves as a primary disease and a lethal complication in a range of diseases such

Perspectives for anti-tuberculosis therapy with additional drug activities to counteract drug resistance

AoS. Perspectives for Antituberculosis Therapy with Additional Drug Activities to Counteract Drug Resistance

Generally, antibiotic therapies use single antibiotics to combat sensitive bacteria. The standard of antituberculosis therapy includes four antibacterial agents that all have different modes of activities in the initial phase of a tuberculosis infection with mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Monitoring of the consumption of new psychoactive substances in wastewater from Athens

Licit and illicit drug use monitoring is an important subject for public health. Almost every substance that people consume is excreted as parent compound and as metabolites via urine and faeces and ends up in the sewage

Is Lebanese oregano safe to consume?

Oregano, Origanum syriacum, is an aromatic perennial herb that is widely used in the Middle East. It is a delicious, cheap staple food that is consumed by all classes. Oregano is not only used for consumption purposes but is

Interactive/combined effects of climate change and pollutants is a major threat to marine biota and seafood worldwide

Both climate change and pollutants are a global problem and a major threat to social, economic, and environmental sectors. Climate change stressors are rise in temperatures, ocean acidification (decrease in pH), sea-level and hypoxia (dissolved oxygen <

Method to measure calcium signaling in nanometer-sized primary cilia

Cilia are slender microtubule-based organelles that protrude from the apical membrane in most adherent cells. Studies looking into the mechanosensory function of the primary cilium have proved it to be an essential cellular organelle. When exposed to

Does tangential radiation for breast cancer cover internal mammary nodes?

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women in the United States. Radiation is a very commonly used treatment modality for breast cancer: it is offered to nearly all patients after lumpectomy (removal of

The year of the honey bee with respect to its physiology and immunity

It has been known for many years that in temperate climates, the European honey bee, Apis mellifera, exists in the form of two distinct populations within the year, short-living summer bees and long-living winter bees. Summer populations’

Is the ACTN3 gene a real “speed gene” in horses?

AoS. Is the ACTN3 gene a real “speed gene” in horses

The ACTN3 gene encoding α-actinin-3 in humans is considered to be a key factor in determining the predisposition to short- or long-term exercise (sprint or endurance). In addition, mutations within it are used for commercial genetic tests

Antifouling photo-bactericidal combined effect of a Ag@nanoMOF

AoS. Antifouling photo-bactericidal combined effect

The formation of bacterial biofilm on surfaces occurs naturally and its inhibition and treatment to limit the propagation of infectious diseases is still an unsolved challenge. Traditionally, several antibiotics have been used to mitigate the formation of

Left-handers are not at risk for mathematical learning difficulties

AoS. Left-handers are not at risk for mathematical learning difficulties.

Nearly one in every ten people is left-handed, a number that seems to have remained the same through time and place. Interestingly, individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, such as low functioning autism or intellectual disability, are more likely

Adverse food reactions in cats: 1000 cases

Wholesome nutrition is the key to maintaining a healthy immune system and resistance to disease. Commercial foods given to animals may not be truly balanced in major nutrients, minerals and vitamins, and some have chemicals added to

Historical stability of the human aging rate and its decline in our time

Atlas of Science. Historical stability of the human aging rate and its decline in our time

Using age-related mortality data for 40 countries, it is shown that the rate of aging does not change significantly over history and is almost the same for different countries from the mid-18th to the mid-20th century. However,

Microalgae-based wastewater treatment for nutrients recovery

AoS.Microalgae-based wastewater treatment for nutrients recovery

The world may face deficits of water supplies in the decades ahead, for both potable water and water for irrigation, due to human population growth, droughts and floods due to climate change, contamination of water resources, and

EML1: an entry point to study cellular mechanisms at the origin of brain malformations

AoS. EML1: an entry point to study cellular mechanisms at the origin of brain malformations.

Cerebral cortical development is a tightly regulated process, depending on dividing progenitor cells that ultimately produce neurons that then migrate to find their appropriate positions in the developing cortex. Certain genetic conditions as well as environmental factors