Category Archives: Research

Rapid monitoring of the impact of polymicrobial infections using electrochemical sensors

AoS. Rapid Monitoring of the Impact of Polymicrobial Infections Using Electrochemical Sensors

The development of bacterial infections is a major challenge as pathogenic bacteria spread through healthcare facilities where patients may come in contact with complex bacterial communities heavily colonizing on hospital surfaces. These bacteria cause internal and external

Autophagy suppression decreases craniofacial bone mass

AoS. Autophagy suppression decreases craniofacial bone mass

Macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy) is the main intracellular degradation mechanism to maintain cellular homeostasis by degrading misfolded proteins, recycling dysfunctional organelles, and generating energy fuels under physiological and pathological conditions. Autophagy consists of two major steps: autophagosome formation,

Novel genetics approach identifies GNAS gene as an important prerequisite for β-cell secretory capacity

AoS. Novel genetics approach identifies GNAS gene.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a major health burden in developing and industrialized countries (www.idf.org). Common genetic variations, susceptibility genes, epigenetic regulation, and miRNAs have been suggested to be profoundly involved in the pathogenicity of T2D. 

Biodrying. A novel technology to treat organic wastes

AoS. Biodrying.

Different reuse pathways for sewage sludge (SS) produced in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and other organic waste exist, such as its direct application as agronomic soil or with a previous composting process to enhance the agronomic qualities

Soil and water bioengineering – Sustainable erosion solutions for the Mediterranean

AoS. Soil and water bioengineering

Accelerated soil erosion and loss is a serious environmental problem, particularly for the Mediterranean region, due to its long history of human pressures, seasonally contrasting climate and rugged topography. Anthropogenic activities such as agriculture, deforestation, urbanization and

Satiated macrophages produce interferon-beta to orchestrate the resolution of bacterial infection

Acute inflammation is a localized, self-limited host defense mechanism against invading microorganism and tissue injury. Rapid recruitment of white blood cells called neutrophils (polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes) from the blood to the site of infection or injury is

Reuse of third generation industrial waste

As global consumption of finite raw materials continues to rise, so too does the amount of waste produced. In Europe for example, each citizen consumes an average of 15 tonnes of raw materials and produces on average

Duloxetine: a promising perioperative analgesic

Atlas of Science. Duloxetine: A Promising Perioperative Analgesic.

Duloxetine is a dual serotonin-norepinephrine receptor inhibitor that is commonly used as an antidepressant. This drug has traditionally been used for chronic pain conditions, such as fibromyalgia and back pain, showing positive recovery outcomes. Given these analgesic

Turning on neuronal gene programs in prostate cancer cells

AoS. Turning on neuronal gene programs in prostate cancer cells

Cancer of the prostate gland is a common malignancy afflicting males worldwide. This cancer is the second deadliest amongst male in United States, with most of the mortality resulting from aggressive, advanced stage, metastatic disease. Prostate cancer

Mesenchymal stem cells for treating knee osteoarthritis

AoS.Mesenchymal stem cells for treating knee osteoarthritis

Cartilage in the knee does not heal very well nor very quickly, so continued use of the leg when walking for example can result in further damage, bony projections (osteophytes), stiffening and swelling of the joint (Fig.

How to choose excitation wavelength for quantum-dot-converted light-emitting diodes?

AoS.How to choose excitation wavelength for quantum-dot-converted light-emitting diodes?

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are fundamental devices for backlights and displays. Nowadays, three different-color epitaxial chips are mainly applied in an RGB pixel: Blue, green, and red LED chips. However, it is difficult to further improve the color

Exploring the potential of a pneumococcal vaccine to target oxidized LDL in metabolic disease patients

AoS.Exploring the potential of a pneumococcal vaccine to target oxidized LDL in metabolic disease patients

Lipid metabolism involves a wide range of processes in which lipids are processed and used as energy sources, signaling molecules and structural elements of cells. Given its importance, dysfunctions in lipid metabolism, both small and large, can

A tale of pesticide use, resistance and the urge for One-Health

Edible olives and the production of olive oil dates to 5000 BC and, nowadays, it is estimated to occupy an area of 10.2 million hectares. More than 90% of the total area is in the Mediterranean Basin.

Siloxanes in consumer products affect energy recovery costs at biogas-to-energy facilities

AoS. Siloxanes in consumer products affect energy recovery costs at biogas-to-energy facilities

Volatile methyl siloxanes (VMS) are man-made compounds containing silicon and oxygen with organic side groups (typically methyl groups) attached to the silicon atoms. Siloxanes can have linear (denoted by L or M nomenclature) and cyclic (denoted by

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor transition to KIT-independence is enabled by a Cyclin D1 dependent proliferation program

AoS. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor transition to KIT-independence is enabled by a Cyclin D1 dependent proliferation program.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs generally contain oncogenic gain-of-function KIT (~85%) or PDGFRA (~5-10%) mutations which are crucial for GIST proliferation and survival, as underscored by the

In vivo 2-color multiphoton imaging of genetic reporter fibroblasts in the skin

AoS. In vivo 2-color multiphoton imaging of genetic reporter fibroblasts in the skin.

Fibroblasts are cells that synthesize collagen and support the maintenance of connective tissue in the skin, tendons, and joints. They maintain a critical role in the immune system’s response to tissue injury by promoting wound healing at

Protein structure detection in intermediate-resolution cryo-EM maps using deep learning

AoS. Protein structure detection in intermediate-resolution cryo-EM maps using deep learning

Cryo-EM has established its position in structural biology as an indispensable method of choice for determining macromolecular structures due to recent technological breakthroughs. The recent years have observed a steep increase of biomolecular structures solved by cryo-EM,

Prediction of thermal damage of three-dimensional bio-tissues in moving laser therapy

AoS. Prediction of thermal damage of three-dimensional bio-tissues in moving laser therapy.

The thermotherapy is a useful approach in medical field, such as hyperthermia, laser soldering, laser ablation, laser surgery and other thermal treatment methods. In order to maximize the therapeutic efficiency while ensuring the patients’ safety, the thermal

Bayesian sparse neural networks for biomarker discovery with omics data

AoS. Bayesian Sparse Neural Networks for Biomarker Discovery with Omics Data

Recent advances in high-throughput biotechnologies, such as microarray and sequencing technologies, have provided an unprecedented opportunity for biomarker discovery, which potentially enhances the development of precision medicine. From a statistical point of view, the discovery of biomarkers

Preventing over-treatment in euthyroid patients with thyroid hormone abnormalities

AoS. Preventing over-treatment in euthyroid patients with thyroid hormone abnormalities.

Up to 12% of the U.S. population will be diagnosed with a thyroid condition. Because thyroid hormones affect every cell in the body, hypo- (low) and hyper-(high) thyroidism can be difficult to distinguish from other medical conditions.