Category Archives: Research

Discovery and mutation of a novel enzyme for the removal of environmental pollutants

Discovery and mutation of a novel enzyme for the removal of environmental pollutants. AoS

Environmental pollution is one of the biggest challenges in the world today, as society faces the consequences of intense industrial development. The widespread use of pesticides in agriculture leads to high quality products, while minimizing losses in

An open journey approach to spiritual care education

An open journey approach to spiritual care education. AoS

“Life is a Journey” is a common metaphor used around the world. While this is a true picture of life, the journey theme can be useful to express a variety of processes. In healthcare, we talk about

Altered methylation in Breast Cancer in very young women

Altered methylation in Breast Cancer in very young women. AoS

Breast cancer has the highest incidence rate of all cancers in women worldwide. Although early breast cancer generally has an excellent prognosis, breast cancer in young women (under the age of 35) is associated with a high

Just a click away: smartphone apps can improve mental health

Just a click away: smartphone apps can improve mental health. AoS

Within the past decade, smartphones have been assimilated into the personal, social, and occupational routines of a significant proportion of people around the globe. In fact, previous reports show that more than half of the Western population

May polystyrene microplastics be ingested by marine organisms, affecting survival, growth and behavior?

May polystyrene microplastics be ingested by marine organisms, affecting survival, growth and behavior? AoS

World plastic production has increased steadily over the past 50 years, reaching over 350 million tonnes in 2018. Most of the plastic waste ends up in the oceans and it is constituted not only by large plastic

Secular trend in growth status in a sample of girls from Serbia aged 7-9 years

Clinical assessment based on height relative to age and weight relative to age. AoS

Human growth is influenced by genetic factors, but the genetic potential will be expressed if socio-economic and environmental conditions allow it. Anthropometric indicators like height and weight are used to characterize growth and development of children and

A role of characteristics of hospitals in the prevalence of childhood undernutrition on admission

Characteristics of patients and nutritional status at 3 different hospitals. AoS

Undernutrition in children is one of the important global health issues. In the developing countries, the main cause of undernutrition is an inadequate nutritional intake due to the poverty. On the other hand, in developed countries, dieting

Wrestling with the alligator’s brain

Wrestling with the alligator’s brain. AoS

When some individuals stand up quickly from a sitting or crouched posture, the blood flow to their brain is temporarily reduced. In response to the reduced blood flow, their brain will enter a short period of neural

Dramatic effects of Sn addition on Ge crystallization

Dramatic effects of Sn addition on Ge crystallization. AoS

Research on novel materials to replace Si has been actively pursued for sustainable improvement of electronic devices. Ge has attracted attention as the most promising candidate for next-generation material because it has a higher carrier mobility than

Mitophagy in health and disease

Mitophagy in health and disease. AoS

Mitochondria are cellular organelles specialized for energy production, and critically influence several features of cellular metabolism and physiology. Maintenance of a healthy mitochondrial pool is a prerequisite for cellular and tissue homeostasis. Compromised mitochondrial function results in

How changes in our genes impact outcome after stroke

How changes in our genes impact outcome after stroke. Atlas of Science

An ischemic stroke is the sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen and glucose, which is caused by blockage of blood flow to the brain. Stroke is a leading cause of death around the

Washed platelet concentrates prevent recurrent transfusion reactions

Platelet transfusion is commonly used to prevent or treat bleeding in people with thrombocytopenia or platelet dysfunction. Among transfusable blood products, however, platelet concentrates (PCs), which also contain plasma, have a higher frequency of transfusion reactions than

The reliability and validity of the Figure of 8 Walk test in older people with knee replacement

The Figure of 8 Walk (F8W) test looks at walking in straight and curved paths in both clockwise and anti-clockwise directions (Fig. 1). The time taken to carry out the test is recorded along with the number

Kelp extracts and their pharmaceutical properties

Kelp extracts and their pharmaceutical properties. AoS

Kelps are a specific type of large brown seaweeds that generally grow on rocky, shallow, nutrient-rich ocean water. The most common examples of kelps found in the South African coastlines include Ecklonia maxima (sea bamboo) (Fig. 1), Ecklonia

When toxicity goes circular: Isoprostanes as markers and effectors of oxidative stress

When toxicity goes circular: Isoprostanes as markers and effectors of oxidative stress. AoS

In normal conditions, there is a dynamic equilibrium between oxidants and antioxidants in the human body; however, when there is an unbalance in this redox state, oxidative stress occurs.  In an unbalanced state, the peroxidation of polyunsaturated

A new link between oxidant stress and lung cancer

A new link between oxidant stress and lung cancer. AoS

DNA repair protects our cells from conditions that cause damage to the genome, which can become a threat to the maintenance and function of our tissues. Our cells have a variety of DNA repair systems.  Most frequent

Enlightening the importance of the NDRGs in the (cancerous) gut

Enlightening the importance of the NDRGs in the (cancerous) gut. AoS

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is one of the most complex organs of the human body. With its approximate 5m length, a diversity of specialized epithelial cell types (the ‘lining’ of the GI tract), about 80% of our

Physiological brainwashing

Physiological brainwashing. AoS

There is a barrier in the brain, known as the blood-brain barrier, which strictly regulates the exchange of substances between the blood and this organ. The blood-brain barrier restricts the passage of drugs into the brain and

Hydrogen storage in lithium-terminated boron chains

Hydrogen storage in lithium-terminated boron chains

Hydrogen can be used as alternative energy source because of many advantages. Despite the high energy content by mass, hydrogen has low density, and it is necessary to develop an efficient storage medium to use this technology

Zinc promotes myoblast differentiation activating Zip7 transporter and Akt signalling pathway

Skeletal muscle is a heterogeneous, dynamic and plastic tissue, which comprises 40% of adult human body mass. Through contraction and relaxation, skeletal muscles provide movement and stability to the body. Besides the mechanical function, muscle tissue also