Category Archives: Research

All that powerful materials is not forever

Proof of concept design of transient and flexible HMMs.

Transient technology is foreseeable as a key ingredient for the development of emerging devices, especially for the sake of a sustainable human society. Scientists explore materials, devices and systems that are completely dissolved or selectively disintegrated at

Penicillamine and neonatal neuroprotection

Penicillamine and neonatal neuroprotection

Hyperbilirubinemia. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NHBI) is a common condition in the first week of postnatal life. Although generally harmless, some neonates may develop very high levels of bilirubin (bile pigment). Subtle encephalopathy or bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction (BIND) refers

Risk of wildfire at wildland oil and gas facilities

Risk of wildfire at wildland oil & gas facilities. AoS

An ever-increasing exploration and exploitation of oil and gas resources in wildlands along with an anticipated increase in the frequency and severity of wildfires (mostly due to climate change) can increase the risk of fire and explosions

When cell death is better than cell survival: Monocyte response to lysates from different strains of Campylobacter jejuni

Schematic representation of monocyte responses to Campylobacter jejuni lysates. AoS

Campylobacter jejuni, a Gram-negative pathogen, is one of the leading bacterial causes of gastroenteritis world-wide. The invasion and multiplication of C. jejuni is a multistep process that includes interaction with the intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). The only

Sneddon syndrome and non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis

Sneddon syndrome and non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis

Sneddon syndrome (SS) is a non-inflammatory thrombotic arteriopathy characterized by the combination of cerebrovascular disease and livedo racemosa (LR). Autopsy studies are scanty. We described the full clinico-pathological study of an SS patient with marantic endocarditis. This

The cerebellum differently contribute to cognitive processes from childhood to adulthood

Proposed mechanism of cerebellar sequencing for prediction. Atlas of Science

In recent years it has become clear that key cognitive abilities, once considered only based on processing of the cerebral circuits, are highly influenced by cerebellar structures. At present, there is agreement on cerebellar involvement in both

Vitamin K status and physical decline

There has been wide interest in vitamin and mineral research, but have you ever heard about vitamin K? It’s a fat-soluble vitamin K and is present in green leafy vegetables, algae, plant oils and also in meat,

Calcium, strontium and barium elicit different patterns of exocytosis in chromaffin cells

Secretory responses induced by divalent cations in permeabilized chromaffin cells. AoS

We have studied three divalent cations (Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+) capable of eliciting secretion in adrenal chromaffin and other secretory cells. These cations enter the cells through voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels, yet Ba2+ and Sr2+ are poorly cleared from

Cyclodextrins in active packaging

Cyclodextrins in Active Packaging. Atlas of Science

Active packaging serves not only as passive barrier designed to delay adverse effects of the environment on the packaged item, e.g., food, but allows interaction between the packaged goods and the environment. It controls moisture, oxygen, may

Treatment critical limb ischemia with intramuscular administration of mesenchymal stem cells

Treatment critical limb ischemia

Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a severe form of peripheral artery disease, and associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality. The current standard for treatment CLI is revascularization. However, in any time surgical or endovascular revascularization

The mental health profiles differ between gender-specific occupational groups

Profiles of mental ill-health for the largest occupational

In this study we constructed the mental health profiles for the main occupational groups in the Finnish working age population, separately for men and women. Antidepressant use, long-term sickness absence due to depression, and suicides were used

The 25 percent tipping point for social change

The 25 Percent Tipping Point for Social Change

For the last 50 years, social scientists have speculated that social change may come from the efforts of small, committed groups advocating for new social norms. For instance, in Rosabeth Moss Kanter’s now-famous studies of sexism in

Rejuvenating cells to iPS: just how profound are the changes?

Housekeeping genes vary strongly throughout the iPS. Atlas of Science

Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells were one of the greatest discoveries of the 21st century, for which a Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka and his colleagues received the Nobel Prize in 2012. iPS cells are now the key

C-MAC videolaryngoscope is superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation in patients with a difficult airway

C-MAC videolaryngoscope is superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope

The C-MAC laryngoscope (C-MAC) (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) is one of several videolaryngoscopes consisting of a modified Macintosh blade. There have been several studies on videolaryngoscopy in the past, but few studies have concluded whether videolaryngoscopy is advantageous

Radio contamination of tea plants

Radio contamination of tea plants

Contamination level of tea Tea is one of the most popular beverages. Besides drinking water, it is the most consumed drink worldwide. The tea plant, Camelia Sinensis, is cultivated in many countries, such as the People’s Republic

Environmental commitment of small and medium enterprises

In recent years, industrial units have been considered as one major source of environmental degradation. Therefore, environmental preservation by firms has gained the scholars’ increasing attention in different fields in recent years. Earlier research in this area

Adhesion of gecko lizards to vertical surfaces is influenced by digital proteins

Mapping proteins localized. Atlas of Science

Some lizards, especially numerous species of geckos, are able to stick, walk and run along vertical or inverted surfaces, defeating gravity (Fig. 1 A). The nature of the subtrates is very variable in both physical and chemical

Receptors talking: solo vs chorus

Receptors talking: solo vs chorus. Atlas of Science

Multi-cell organisms, including humans, need reliable and timely communication between cells to function. Every cell is surrounded by the plasma membrane made of lipids, which separates it from the environment. Receptors localized on that membrane are proteins

Effect of electropulses on the plastic deformation during machining

Variation of chip thickness with cutting feed

The plastic deformation is a nuisance to study the machinability of materials in metal cutting processes. The high process efficiency can be achieved by minimizing the work done in the plastic deformation of chip. It was generally

Expression of mTOR-signalling pathway proteins in skin squamous-cell carcinomas before and after conversion to mTOR-inhibitors

Atlas of Science. Expression of mTOR-signalling pathway proteins in skin squamous-cell carcinomas

Inhibitors of the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTORis) are drugs exerting both immunosuppressive and antitumor effects, and are thereby used in organ-transplant recipients (OTR) in order to both prevent allograft rejection and to reduce the risk of