Fertility of Drosophila offspring depends on the correct choice of bridegroom
The cause of offspring sterility of some pairs of Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies is the genetic incompatibility of the parents. The infertility of progeny (mainly of intraspecies hybrid daughters) in such cases occurs only in one cross-direction. If the M (maternal) females crossed with P (paternal) males, the daughter’s ovarian hypoplasia observed especially if the hybrid progeny are grown at an elevated temperature.
The problem does not occur if P females crossed with M males. The most popular explanation of such infertility is transposition of mobile P element that is active in the hybrids, if the mother’s cytoplasm does not contained repressors prohibiting its movement. However, the rate of movement of the P element is typically less than one transposition per genome per generation, and is close to the spontaneous rate. We notice absence of germ stem cells in ovaries of dysgenic daughters (Fig. 1., left image) in comparison with control (Fig. 1., right image) and disorders in mitochondrial structure. According to our data, the nature of hybrid dysgenesis is much more complex and may be related to the miss regulation (including hormonal) of genes responsible for the ovaries formation.
L. Zakharenko and N. Dorogova
Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Russian Academy of Sciences
P elements and the determinants of hybrid dysgenesis have different dynamics of propagation in Drosophila melanogaster populations.
Ignatenko OM, Zakharenko LP, Dorogova NV, Fedorova SA.
Genetica. 2015 Dec