Tag Archives: invertebrate

Molecular defense adopted by sea urchin embryos to cope with Nickel

Molecular defense adopted by sea urchin embryos to cope with Nickel

Nickel (Ni) is a natural constituent of the Earth’s crust and, together with its compounds, it is used in many industrial and commercial applications. At very low doses, Ni carries out many physiological roles in biochemical processes

Stress must not be confused with pain

Our article “Stress is not pain” was a critique on a study by Elwood & Adams who exposed crabs to electric shocks and concluded that their study ‘. . .fulfils the criteria expected of a pain experience’.