Top ten research priorities relating to stroke nursing
It is important that research addresses what is of greatest priority to people affected by a health condition. A UK based organisation called the James Lind Alliance (JLA) brings patients, their family and caregivers, and health professionals together to identify and agree the top 10 priorities for important healthcare topics. Working with the JLA in 2014 the top ten priorities relating to life after stroke were defined, following a comprehensive, rigorous process, with equal participation from stroke survivors, carers and health professionals. Anecdotal evidence suggests that these top ten research priorities are successfully informing the activities of the stroke research community and research funding bodies. Furthermore, the top four priorities have been included in the World Stroke Organisation (WSO) research recommendations relating to stroke recovery demonstrating international adoption of these nationally derived priorities. However, a recognised limitation of these top ten priorities is that they reflect research topics rather than clearly defined research questions. Furthermore, these top ten research priorities do not provide specific direction to any one clinical or research grouping, instead reflecting what is greatest shared importance to stroke survivors, caregivers and health professionals.
The Scottish Stroke Nurses Forum (SSNF) aims to support stroke nurses build research capability and capacity. While the SSNF believes that it is important that all stroke research should be relevant to and valued by stroke survivors and their caregivers, the organisation also aspires to support meaningful and useful nurse-led research (Fig. 1). This recently led the SSNF to build on the stroke priority-setting project to identify the top ten research priorities that are specific to stroke nursing.
The life after stroke research prioritisation project involved 4 keys stages. During the first stage 548 treatment uncertainties were collected. During the second stage these 548 questions were formatted, merged where similar, and checked for existence of research evidence, leaving 226 unique unanswered research questions. The third and fourth stages involved an interim prioritisation method and a final consensus meeting to reach agreement on the shared top ten research priorities.
The SSNF nursing research priorities project considered that the 226 unique unanswered research questions that had been established using a comprehensive, rigorous and inclusive process, ought to be the priorities for nurse-led stroke research. Consequently it was decided that it was appropriate, and efficient, to complete only the third and fourth stages of research prioritisation, using the 226 previously identified questions to identify which of these questions stroke nurses consider to be of greatest importance for nurse-led stroke research.
Ninety-seven nurses, all working in stroke care in Scotland, participated in the interim prioritisation stage, leading to the identification of 28 shared top priorities relating to stroke nursing. At a final consensus meeting, 27 purposively selected nurses, representing a range of stroke care settings, roles/grades and geographical locations agreed their top ten priorities for stroke nursing research (Fig. 2). Three of the nurses top ten priorities were also reflected in the previously-derived shared top ten of stroke survivors, caregivers and health professionals (numbers 1, 2, 6) and two are also included in the WSO recommendations (numbers 2, 6). This overlap clearly highlights the importance of nurses in addressing shared research priorities. However, these top ten also include research questions that are of particular importance to nurses; including questions relating to the management of incontinence, and specific strategies such as goal-setting and self-management techniques that nurses may use to support optimal recovery and quality of life after stroke.
The research agenda for stroke nursing has now been clearly defined and nurses and nursing-oriented research organisations should establish collaborative activities to address these research priorities.
Alex Pollock 1, Bridget St George 1, Anne Rowat 2 on behalf of the Scottish Stroke Nurses Forum
1Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professionals (NMAHP) Research Unit,
Buchanan House, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
2School of Health and Social Care, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh UK
Top 10 research priorities relating to stroke nursing: a rigorous approach to establish a national nurse-led research agenda.
Rowat A, Pollock A, St George B, Cowey E, Booth J, Lawrence M; Scottish Stroke Nurses Forum (SSNF)
J Adv Nurs. 2016 Nov